Categories : architecture

 

One of the biggest changes in the architecture of the 70s was the reuse of existing structures. Consumer preference to renovate old structures, rather than build new ones, increased demand for architecture plans for the restoration of old houses, barns, deserted schoolhouses etc. Warehouses and old factories were being converted to apartments, restaurants and shopping malls. Desire for revival and reintegration created a new trend in the common architecture of the decade.

By the 1930s, with the emigration of European architects to America before World War II, architecture underwent an oblivious shift to an austere and functional approach referred to as International design. The post war era saw a sudden shift in the reversal of architectural designs, with skyscrapers touching unprecedented heights, buildings displaying new colors and ornamental motifs, and motivating an innovative breed of architects willing to experiment with designs and elements. The architectural design and style of the 21st century has no boundaries, ranging from Mediterranean, French country chateaux, Modern glass and wood designs, Victorian or English Tudor, Florida and Villa estates, castles, Georgian mansions, and skyscrapers. The love of open greens made architecture turn outwards, with landscape architecture concerning itself with the design of outdoor public and private spaces.

For instance, an architect has to gather knowledge, make decisions and document during the analysis phase.

Roman architecture was also considered to be an exact copy of the Greek building style. But, the Romans have also contributed to the classical architectural styles. The two developments of Roman buildings styles are the tuscan and composite orders. Tuscan is a shortened, simplified variant on the doric order of the Greek style. Composite is a tall order with the floral decoration of the Corinthian and the scrolls of the ionic building style of the Greeks.

With the return of Viet Nam veterans and the availability of VA mortgages, young families were in the market for housing. At the same time, the social changes of the 70s intensified the exodus from cities to suburbs and rural settings. Architecture in new home construction continued to lean toward the established designs of the 60s but the interior was updated with advances in technology. With the energy crisis, improved insulation, energy efficiency and solar energy were incorporated in the architecture of the day.

Greenhouse enclosed glass house used for growing plants in regulated temperatures, humidity, and ventilation and that is how they keep on regulating the pollution increased by the construction industry. An Environment Friendly Buildings can range from a small room carrying a few plants over the winter, to an immense heated glass building called a hothouse or conservatory, covering acres of ground and used for forcing fruits or flowers out of season. Greenhouses have long been used for holding plants over cold seasons and for growing tropical plants and less hardy fruits, but only in this century has the greenhouse been used for forcing vegetables. Now millions of dollars; worth of plant products are raised yearly in Environment Friendly Buildings.

Vaastu Shastra:Vastu Shastra (vāstu śāstra, also Vastu Veda, “science of construction”, “architecture”) is a traditional Hindu system of design based on directional alignments. It is primarily applied in Hindu architecture, especially for Hindu temples, although it covers other applications, including poetry, dance, sculpture, etc. The foundation of Vastu is traditionally ascribed to the mythical sage Mamuni Mayan.While Vastu had long been essentially restricted to temple architecture, there has been a revival in India in recent decades, notably under the influence of V. Ganapati Sthapati of Chennai, Tamil Nadu (b. 1927), who has been campaigning for a restoration of the tradition in modern Indian society since the 1960s.

architecture

Question: I’m writing an essay on the religious importance of architecture and am on the Salisbury Cathedral. Aside from the stained glass, what can the monuments and buildings of the cathedral represent? The spire?

READ  The Achitecture of Happiness

Thanks.
” – by ” C.H.

Answer: Salisbury Cathedral is built in the English English style, and is unusually harmonious in its composition (unlike most English cathedrals) because it was completed in a relatively short period of time in the early 13th century.

The Early English style made extensive use of pointed arches, which are not only structurally more secure than round arches, but they also serve the purpose of emphasising the vertical axis, and pointing the eye upwards. This was the dominant trend in English Gothic: the architecture tells the viewer to look up, both physically and metaphorically, towards Heaven. The extravagant spire of Salisbury – the tallest of any English cathedral – emphasises this message.

Answer By: Cake or Death?

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Question: I’m going into architecture this fall, and I have no idea what laptop I would need. I have yet to check the college’s specs, but what’s a general preference of architecture majors? PC or Mac? And what specifications? Thanks.
” – by ” ǝƃɐʞǝpuɐd

Answer: Go with your school’s specifications. They may even ask you to purchase the computer (and the accompanying software) from a company of their choosing.

Most architecture students use PCs (AutoCAD has not yet been released on a MAC). If you will be doing heavy 3d rendering, drafting, and processing, you will want decent processing power, a really good graphics card, and plenty of memory. Most students rely on a desktop for their rendering needs in studio, but also have a laptop to so they can work at home, play music, or work on other things while the desktop is processing a rendering.

Good luck! Check with your school first!!

Answer By: Andrew L

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Question: is there any difference between interior architecture and interior design ?and how it’s different ?

if it ‘s different what s more likely for me to do interior architecture or interior design ? =]
” – by ” ZaNiEr !

Answer: Architecture is walls and windows, things that actually make up the house. Design is the furniture and paint, ect.

Answer By: Nea

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Question: I’m looking to be an architecture major next year when I go to college. I’m interested in working with structures, but I’m also interested in designing golf courses. Which schools would be best for these types of majors?
” – by ” Tyler R

Answer: Golf courses would probably fall more into the landscape architecture category rather than architecture.

I went to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. In the Master’s program there is a structures option that allows you to focus on that area. The U of I also has a Landscape Architecture program. They are both in the College of Fine and Applied Arts.

http://www.faa.uiuc.edu/

Answer By: vytis73

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Question: What contributions made, in architecture, by Michelangelo to the New Saint Peters Basilica were typical for the Renaissance? The only thing I saw in pictures were the dome and a few columns are there any other features I am missing? I only want architecture features and nothing about the artwork inside.
” – by ” terry

Answer: Renaissance architecture is seen in the Basilica by copying the style of ancient Greece and Rome and emphasing symmetry, proportion, geometry and the orderly arrangements of columns, pilasters, lintels, and
the use of semicircular arches, hemispherical domes and niches.

Answer By: Mjinga

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How To Think Like An Architect: The Design Process

Santa Barbara architect Barry Berkus takes us through the process he used to design the Padaro Lane Residence in Southern California. He demonstrates his conceptual design process through a series of raw drawings and diagrams, along with a detailed explanation of the site conditions, and client needs. This preliminary diagramming stage is a necessary first step in creating a functional, and well thought out design.

http://www.b3architects.com
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http://www.linkedin.com/pub/barry-berkus/46/526/89a