We are in a race. the race is against time. We have to build cities, we need them. But we have to make them in a different way. Dan Kammen says that we need a wave of innovation, not only for our way of life, but also for the planet. The consequences would be enormous if we lose this battle.
I’m Thomas Goetz, executive editor at Wired Magazine. At wired, we look at the innovators and innovations that are changing our world. Here we will look at three stories from acclaimed filmmakers about the future of energy. We’ll explore cutting edge innovations in how we drive, how we live, and, in our first story, how we fuel our cars. They’re all ideas that promise to shape the path to the world of 2050.
The world has close to a billion cars, and based on current growth we might double the number of cars on the planet by 2050. So if we double the number of vehicles, we really increase the amount of fuel they consume, and that’s going to have a big, big footprint in terms of our demand for resources to move all those vehicles around.

Kay Keasling: We’re pulling up carbon that’s been stored underground and burning it in our automobiles and putting all that carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. If we don’t reduce that, we could have changes in the climate that we could never recover from. There’s a number of forecasts for what type of transportation economy we could move into. One vision is that we would use more and more liquid fuels, another one is we’ll use more and more electricity. Right now, more of the industrial activity is focused around liquid biofuels. The thing about a fuel is, its really unparalleled on a weight basis how much energy is in a gallon of fuel. And even if batteries develop as some of the advocates hope they develop, we’re not going to see batteries running large trucks and we’re certainly not going to see an electrified air flight.

We’re going to need transportation fuels for those that will directly replace the petroleum based fuels that we’re using today. This has kicked off people looking at a whole range of other alternatives to petroleum in your tank. Isaias Macedo: Commercial production of ethanol as fuel started in Brazil in 1975. When we started the ethanol program, nobody talked about reducing emissions. This was not an issue at that time. First, and most important, we didn’t have money to buy oil anymore after the first oil short. We were importers of oil. And today, more than 50% of all cars use ethanol instead of gasoline. Brazil made a very conscious choice to try to find a way to reduce their fossil fuel dependence.

And they didn’t have to look very far because Brazil’s climate is ideal for growing sugar cane. Carlos Dinucci: when you have sugar cane plantation, you have only two things to make: sugar and ethanol. My family has been in the sugarcane business since 1955 and about thirty years ago, I thought “there’s an opportunity to make more ethanol.” Now, we’re producing 120,000 cubic meters of ethanol. Brazil today has very close to 400 sugar mills. The overall sales is 30 billion us dollars. And this number is increasing. If you look at how they make ethanol and how efficient the process is, it’s really a model for all of us.

They grind the plant up, extract the sugar from the cane, the sugar goes into these large fermentation tanks which combine sugars together with yeast that naturally produces ethanol. They use the rest of the plant to generate heat to distill the ethanol and turn it into fuel. They also use that heat to generate electricity renewably, not putting excess carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Brazil has gotten to a point today where they’re using about 40% less petroleum than they would be otherwise, but Brazil cannot supply the whole world with ethanol because they would have to cut very strongly into food production and into critical natural areas like the Amazon to make that happen. This really boils down to the fact that there’s only so much arable land, and growing fuel for our gas tanks is yet another demand on that landscape. We cannot kid ourselves into thinking that we’ve found a general solution for the world problem. I think we have to face the world in this way today. We have no oil in very large quantities anymore. We have no coal transforming in a clean way, in the meantime we have to do the best we can, and the best at the moment is that we can do biofuels.

Sugarcane to ethanol is an incredibly efficient process. You get out about seven times the energy you put into growing the sugar cane. In the US when we produce ethanol from corn, for every unit of input of energy we get about the same amount of energy out. So we’re really not gaining anything. We need a better process. We don’t have to take what nature’s given us, we can actually engineer plants and yeast to be more efficient. And that’s the basis for a lot of the work that we’re doing now. What we need to look at though, is which of the pathways to come out of this are not only good financially, but those that are also good for sustainability. And this equation is really wide open right now. We are in a race to develop fuels. The race isn’t with other countries, the race is against time. Cristiano Borges: To meet the immediate and future demands, we made the energy solution spring from the ground. Luis Scoffone: Brazil is the most efficient ethanol producing country in the world.

Sugarcane alcohol from Brazil can reduce the total carbon footprint by up to 70%, compared with gasoline. The biggest challenge for fuel providers, and car manufacturers is to reduce CO2 emissions over the next twenty years. Demand for mobility will continue to grow. We believe that biofuels are very important because they help in an immediate way. All forms of fuel are going to be needed; hydrocarbons, natural gas, biofuels, all of them are going to be part of the energy needs for the future of transportation. Brazil has been very successful at taking a resource they had and finding the process to make that into ethanol and people call those first generation biofuels. We have lots of lab work around the world that are looking at the second generation and that’s generally turning cellulosic material from for example weeds, into biofuels.

And the United States is very much at the forefront of the innovation part of the equation. For centuries we’ve been using yeast to consume glucose and produce wine and beer. We’re trying to do something very similar, only we’re engineering the yeast to consume that glucose and turn it into a fuel or drug or chemical. We call this synthetic biology and when i started in this area, many of my colleagues said “Oh Jay, this is great work, but where’s the application, what are you going to do with these tools?” Who cares? Malaria is an enormous problem. In any one year, a million or so people die of the disease and most of them are children under the age of 5.

So we thought this was a great opportunity to engineer yeast to produce an antimalarial drug called artemisinin. This drug is derived from plants right now, but its too expensive for people in the developing world. So my laboratory engineered yeast to produce small quantities of artemisinin, now that process is being scaled up and we’ll have this drug on the market shortly, but at a substantially reduced cost. It turns out that that anti-malarial drug is a hydrocarbon and it’s very similar in many ways to diesel fuel. We thought, gosh we can turn our attention now to fuels. We can make a few changes in that microbe to turn it into a fuel-producing microbe. If we imagine that glucose is going to be our new petroleum, we need a source for that glucose.

So the crops that we’re looking at are crops like switchgrass. This is a native grass, it grows without a lot of water and on marginal lands. we could turn it into energy farms. The challenge though, is that unlike sugar cane, it’s very difficult to get the sugar out of that biomass. So we use what we call a pre-treatment process to extract the glucose from the plant, and then we feed that glucose to a yeast that we’ve engineered to produce hydrocarbons.

And that yeast takes in the sugar, and it changes its composition and gives us this high-energy molecule. They float to the top, you skim them off, you put them in your tank. But it takes a lot of work to get from that small test tube all the way up into the million-gallon tank, so we have to give it time. But I think that some of the discoveries that are happening might be applied by the end of the decade. In terms of a sustainable equation for the planet, the role of biofuels is quite tricky. There are a variety of crops that do not compete directly with food, and finding ways to utilize those types of crops first, that’s very attractive. So solving the science is part of the story, but then evaluating all of the new fuels in terms of the land-use impacts that they could have, that is an even harder story than doing the good science. Imagine that you could have one process that could take in sunlight and carbon dioxide and turn it into fuel. And imagine if that didn’t involve growing anything at all.

Nate Lewis: The synthetic biologists are trying to take plants and make them do things that they wouldn’t normally do. On the other hand, materials chemists, like myself, want to do artificial photosynthesis to improve on the process that nature does in real photosynthesis. We should follow the blue print of plants converting sunlight into fuel, but take the approach that it could be much simpler. All we really need is a light absorber that absorbs sunlight. We also need a catalyst like iron or nickel. So when you see the hydrogen coming off of the photo-active material, that’s an example of a semi-conductor breaking the chemical bonds of water to make hydrogen and oxygen. Ultimately, our pieces are going to be contained in something that is easy to roll out like bubble wrap, where in would come sunlight and water. You would vent the oxygen to the air, but the bottom would wick out your liquid or gaseous fuel, that then you could collect and use for our cars and planes and storage. Our goal is within two years, to have the first artificial photosynthesis solarfuels generator that we can hold in our hands.

And then, get to scale beyond that time. We’re certainly not good at predicting the future, but to me, electric vehicles look like a sustainable option. We’ve heard proposals about things as far-fetched as nuclear power planes, and even some proposals to move freight around with lighter-than-air vehicles. And so if the future in 2050 does include a fair amount of oil, what it means would be that we haven’t deployed as many of these clean technologies as we already know are possible. If you think about how long it’s taken for us to build up the petroleum industry, we can’t hope to reverse that overnight. It’s a huge change in our infrastructure. Yes, we should have been working on it 30 years ago. We didn’t. We’re trying to make up for that, and that means basic research needs to be done now and by as many people as possible. We have a long way to go, but I’m confident that we’ll get there. In the future, 3d maps are going to help people get places more efficiently. As we just saw, the race to produce cleaner energy is charging ahead.

In the meantime, demand for cars continues to climb. By 2050, it’s predicted there will be two billion cars on the planet, and fuel consumption will have tripled. To keep pace, we’ll have to radically change the way we drive. Here’s our next story, ‘Driven by design.’ Asaaf Biderman: The automobile came around, in many ways it was the future. We thought of it as one of the more positive changes that had happened to society.

Suddenly, our ability to get a job changed, we can live farther away with bigger plots of land, with better quality of living. It all looked quite good. But there are limitations to swearing by the car. If it gets congested, your quality of life drops immediately. You have to spend so long in the car. It’s a very inefficient use of fuel consumption. Things stop making sense all of a sudden. It doesn’t bring you closer to where you want to get, it actually, sometimes brings you farther. Narrator: The average American spends nearly 300 hours a year in their car. 38 of them stuck in traffic. Annually, congestion consumes over $1 billion in gasoline in the United States alone.

The inefficiency caused by traffic, both financial and personal, is enormous. Dirk Sheehan and Carmen White’s story is not that unusual today. Carmen White: Dirk works an hour and a half away in Warrenville, Illinois. Generally he wouldn’t leave work until 6 or and I would say usual time for him to get home is around 8. You all done? Thanks, buddy. Dirk Sheehan: Usually when I wake up I’m the only one up. Sometimes the kids wake up with my routine. More often than not, I don’t see them in the morning. I think about my commute when I wake up. I check the traffic report to see if there’s any delays. The worst case scenario, it takes me two hours to get to work. We are already so limited in the amount of time he can spend with the kids, and our expenses are crazy high. We’re spending $400 a month on gas. It takes away from our food budget, and we never paid for gas like that before.

Ever. If there’s technology that would allow me to spend less time in the car, spend less money on gas, and spend more time at home, I’d be all for that. Mike Finn: The cost of traffic is people’s time, it’s fuel wasted, it’s an emotional toll, it’s a frustration. Utilizing the roads more intelligently is a much more efficient approach to the inability to have supply keep up with traffic demand. John Leonard: If you took a satellite picture of the highway, you can see that there’s actually a lot of open space.

If we had the technology for cars to drive more closely, but safely, then you could increase the utilization of the road network. What this means is that to be more efficient, to use less fuel, we need to see the road differently. We need cars that can navigate through the urban landscape in a radically different way. Cliff Fox: Maps in the future are going to be able to help people get places either more safely or more efficiently. Today, just helps you get from point A to point B. But, what if I want to get someplace and use the least amount of fuel possible? Or, if I’ve got a hybrid vehicle, and I want to make sure I’ve got plenty of charge to not only get there but to get back home? So, information that is gonna help people achieve the more efficient or the safer route is more detailed information about the road than a lot of people realize is possible to collect today.

Here in Chicago, Nokia’s location & commerce unit is developing the next generation of mapping. Lidar, sonar, 360-degree video, all are components of what Nokia calls – digital mapping. We use 64 lasers that rotate and they collect data in a 3D way about the world. It creates what we call a point cloud of information. That point cloud allows us to measure distances then between the points that we collect. That system combined with the cameras, with higher precision location detection through inertial measurement units, that whole data system allows us to collect million points of data per second. Probably within 2-3 years, you’re gonna see 3D maps that are gonna integrate the traffic information into your routing, to help you understand. If I’ve got 5 different routes to take, which one is the most efficient today, given the way the stoplights are running, given the way traffic is running.

All of those factors are gonna be taken into consideration to make sure I’ve got the best route. But better mapping that can integrate topography, infrastructure, and density is only part of the answer. Another key to improving transport efficiency is building cars that drive themselves. Autonomous vehicle technology has a tremendous potential to improve efficiency of our road infrastructure. By removing humans from the equation, we eliminate all the things we do wrong behind the wheel – speeding, changing lanes too often, merging haphazardly; and by marrying them with sophisticated 3D maps, we can make driving safer and more energy efficient. That next generation vehicle is being built right now by Swedish trucking company, Scania. Tony Sandberg: The solution, as we see it, is that the vehicles can utilize intelligent maps. 3D maps with traffic information.

The vehicles will be intelligent and communicate with each other. They will talk to each other, they will talk to the infrastructure. And we will see autonomously-driven vehicles. The goal was to have multiple robots and see if they could go 60 miles fully autonomously. Helen Taylor: My name’s Helen Taylor. My husband John and I, we’re very passionate about fuel economy. John Taylor: Yea it’s great to break world records, but that’s not the be all and end all now. It’s more important to educate people. Together we’re showing drivers around the world simple techniques to improve their fuel efficiency.

We run these education programs, get people on the road with us, and we finally tweak their driving techniques. Things like just checking your tire pressures before you even get into your car. For every one psi your tires are under inflated, you’re wasting 3% of your fuel efficiency. And the difference between 65 and 75 miles per hour is a saving of 23%. When you talk to the general public, they’re very surprised that an energy company, like Shell, is trying to educate people on how to save money, how to reduce CO2 emissions.

And here we have Shell sending us around the world to do that. You always hope when you’re on this planet that you can make a real difference in people’s lives. When you get emails from people saying “I’ve saved this amount of money this year, now I can put food on the table”, then you know you are really making a difference. By displaying traffic density in the urban infrastructure in a revolutionary way, 3D digital maps will help create a more fuel-efficient future. But these technologies are limited by the drivers who sit behind the wheel. Some believe, that for cars and trucks to be truly energy-efficient, they will need to drive themselves. The technology’s coming into play, through sensors and capabilities for cars to drive autonomously. In 2007, the United States’ department of defense held a competition to see if a completely autonomous, self-driving vehicle was possible. DARPA stands for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency.

They had a competition to develop self-driving robots that could drive themselves in traffic. The goal was to have multiple robots, turn them loose on a course, and see if they could go sixty miles in six hours, fully autonomously. Driving may be one of the most complex things we do every day. Drivers make dozens of decisions at any given moment. One study found that drivers Were exposed to over 1,300 items of information per minute. We make so many decisions when we’re driving without even thinking about it. So in creating our vehicle, a great component of the enterprise was developing software to handle lots of sensors, feeding lots of data, and generating a bunch of potential paths that the vehicle might follow.

And even though the robot doesn’t have the ability to predict the future, by using this fast random path generation, the robot could anticipate a potential accident and choose a path to avoid it because its always thinking about what things could the car do next. No one expects millions of cars driving themselves anytime soon. But there is a place where self-navigating technologies are being optimized to create the vehicle of the future. We’re on the Scania test track outside Stockholm, where we have basically, it looks like a highway but it’s a separate test track where we conduct our own experiments. Scania, the Swedish trucking company, has recently begun testing its next generation of long-haul truck, utilizing radar, sonar, and intelligent mapping. They’ve been able to drastically reduce fuel consumption. Jonas Martensson: We have this example with platooning, where will make use of the reduction in air resistance, or air drag, that you get from driving close to each other with heavy duty vehicles. And in order to control this, you need to know where the other vehicles are, their position, their velocity, their actions in the near future.

And to be very close to the vehicle ahead of you, it requires that you have a very accurate control. If you look at robotics broadly, there’s a wonderful set of research of people looking at schooling fish and trying to develop the ability for robots to work together like that. So there are wonderful examples from nature of how cooperation can lead to more efficient resource utilization. Jonas Hofstedt: You can see it when people are competing in Tour de France. They platoon to reduce air drag. They are not bicycling behind each other that close because it’s fun, or because they are racing, it is because they are reducing air drag sitting behind the man who is leading. A truck traveling 55 miles per hour expends half its energy just to move the air around it. At 65 miles per hour, that number jumps to almost two-thirds. Even if platooning can reduce the energy used by 10 percent, the savings would be substantial. If a vehicle in front of another vehicle wants to brake, it immediately sends out the brake message to the other vehicles, so they actually brake at the same time. Hassad Alem: The way we do this is by, we have an automated system.

So now for instance, if i take my feet off the acceleration pedal, and turn the system on, the velocity is automatically governed by getting information from the vehicle ahead through its wireless system. We want these vehicles to maintain a short relative distance. So through this system, we can reduce fuel consumption by utulizing the air drag reduction by 10%. and 10% would mean you would be able to save approximately 8,000 Euros per single heavyduty vehicle per year. It may be sometime before autonomous vehicles make up the majority of cars on America’s highways. Nevertheless, some of these technologies are already making their way into our lives. Now this polar baby wants to sleep. Do you get to pick out books every day or is it just… I get to pick out books sometimes. Okay. When we look toward the future, the systems will absolutely make it safer and more efficient and less costly for you and also make your life easier because you’re spending less time on the roads. The city begins to talk, begins to tell you where is there congestion, what’s going on in different areas of town? Suddenly the car becomes a part of a much bigger ecosystem.

We can look at how cars interact with other cars, how cars interact with infrastructure and us, the drivers, can start to make smart decisions about how to move around. Suddenly, mobility becomes a whole other thing. Paul Goldberger: No matter how much money they have, no matter how much oil they have, everybody has to go in a different direction. We’ve seen that changing the way we drive can improve transportation efficiencies. But what if we change the way we build and live in our cities? That’s the subject of our next story, “Searching for Utopia”. We’ll travel to the United Arab Emirates, and discover a city rising out of the desert.

Let’s take a look. From the beginning, we’ve dreamed of Utopia. A place where we could live in harmony with each other, and in balance with nature. Many have imagined it, tried to design it, but the dream always slipped away. Then, I heard they were building a new city called “Masdar”, near Abu Dhabi, in the Arabian desert. It sounded like an unlikely place for Utopia, and I wanted to see it. The last half-century has been a pretty bad time for the making of cities, mostly. The natural tendency has been to accommodate to the automobile more than anything else. Try walking around Abu Dhabi, it’s impossible, you have to take a car everywhere.

Dubai, the same thing. They are among the least pedestrian-friendly places in the world, they are not green by any other measure either, and these are not easy things to fix. Masdar is still under construction, and it doesn’t look like much from the highway. But they claim it’s going to redefine the way cities are designed, built, and powered. Masdar City in Abu Dhabi, will be the city of the future, and the role model for the world. Once you see what they’ve envisioned for this utopian city, its very impressive. It’s carbon-neutral, pedestrian friendly and powered by renewable energies.

But I do notice, we’re going to have to change our relationship with cars. Car audio: Welcome to Masdar City. Austin Relton: We are driving in the bowels of Masdar City in an electric transportation system. It’s slightly unnerving to see this for the first time and “where are we going?” the first big move the architects at foster and partners made was to put all transportation underneath the city, leaving the streets of Masdar totally free of cars.

The place reminded me of a medieval city. And actually, many design elements are adapted from ancient Arabic towns and villages. It’s all about looking back into history to move forward. There are some very very simple ideas that have a huge impact. This is a pedestrian zone, there’s no cars here. This has enabled us to push our streets together to take advantage of the shade, channel the cooling breezes through. The whole scale here is based on the human being, its not based on the motor car. As soon as you lift up the pedestrian plane by seven meters, you’ve suddenly captured this breeze.

What you can see here on the balcony is we’ve got a modern interpretation of an ancient Arabic screen. What we must avoid is direct sunlight hitting any piece of glass. As soon as the sun hits the glass, the heat’s transferred into the building and we have to use more energy to cool it down. Can this really make all that much of a difference? Yeah, absolutely. For example, downtown Abu Dhabi… sixty-meter wide streets, black asphalt, mirrored reflective buildings, no relief from the sun. On a day in September, the air temperature in both places was 39 degrees. in Abu Dhabi, the temperature measured at the asphalt was 57 degrees. in Masdar, the temperature measured on the ground, 33 degrees, so we’ve actually lowered the air temperature. We’re trying to do as much as possible, with as little as possible. These simple design moves, cut air conditioning needs by 60%. But this place is also, technically, very sophisticated. The roof panels not only provide shade, they also generate electricity.

And the walls themselves are made of glass reinforced concrete, literally sand taken from the desert. Everything here is geared towards maximizing energy efficiency. Masdar does represent a whole different value system. It represents an acknowledgment that, eventually, everybody has to go in a different kind of direction. No matter how much money they have, no matter how much oil they have, no matter anything else. All of the cities here in this part of the world have come out of nowhere. There was nothing here not so long ago, except small settlements in the desert. And then all of this oil and all of this money, and suddenly, you know, wham, these cities started popping up.

But they sprung up in a false love of a Western model that was already out of date. The model of the late 20th century automobile-based energy-hogging city. For most of the world, energy is very expensive. But the United Arab Emirates is sitting on 10% of the world’s oil, and energy is cheap, so cheap you can run a ski slope in a shopping mall, and build the world’s tallest skyscraper. But even here, cheap energy won’t last forever, and the people behind Masdar are determined to find alternatives. Martin Haigh: One of the most crucial aspects of our energy odeling and scenario quantification is how much energy in total is the world going to use in 2050. Wim Thomas: The scenarios team is a bunch of people with rich imagination, I would say. Adam Newton: We have political scientists, economists, geopolitical experts.

Really we try to simplify the complexity all around us. Jeremy Bentham: We in the Scenarios team are currently putting a lot of attention into cities and city development. A lot of megacities are going to be built in the coming decades. We’re talking about the equivalent of a new city of a million people every week. That is an incredible demand. Most of the world’s resources are consumed by the cities. What if we could offer a blueprint for a better city? Public transportation, information, energy. We understand demand will rise, we understand the current supplies will struggle to keep pace. So we have to of course, find ways of bridging the gap between the demand and the supply. Decisions that we take now are going to have a major impact on decades to come. There’s enough oil under these sands to last 150 years.

But fundamental to the Masdar ideal, is getting energy from renewable sources, from geothermal and wind, and most of all, from a source they have in abundance in the desert: the sun. This field of solar panels makes more than enough electricity to run Masdar, and the excess power is sent to the Abu Dhabi grid. But silicon panels are expensive, and the price of solar power needs to drop if its going to be competitive from Africa to Asia to Arizona. in the future, Masdar hopes to get energy from this prototype called the solar beam down.

Uusing highly reflective mirrors, the solar beam down may generate power more cheaply and ecologically than silicon panels. The mirrors bounce the suns rays up to the tower, and then down to a point. reaching a temperature of 600 degrees, steam can be generated to run turbines to make electricity. There’s just one problem: neither of these solar technologies work at night. So Masdar needs to draw power from the grid when the sun goes down, and that power comes from natural gas. The reality is, it’s just not yet possible to power Masdar entirely without fossil fuels. The great challenge with Masdar, will be “how do you make it a place that will not be just this ideal city that no other place could actually aspire to, ’cause it doesn’t seem real.” What Masdar has to be is a laboratory that develops things that then can be applied in existing cities all around the world, because that’s where it will pay off. There’s no pay off if it’s just about itself. The payoff is “how can everything it’s trying to do matter in the rest of the world?” Right now, there’s only a store, two restaurants, a bank, and a few hundred students living here.

It’s too early to tell if Masdar will work as a city when it’s finished, but much has been achieved: they are carbon-neutral, and largely, powered by renewable energies. Solutions here won’t work everywhere though, many cities are in cold climates, and cooling is not their energy problem. They need to let sunlight in, not keep it out. Cities like Los Angeles or Houston are built around cars.

Can Masdar’s lessons be applied to them? Still, its a step in the right direction. And, its impressive that this step is being taken by a country that doesn’t need to take it. I met a guy who said “actually, they did need to take it.” He took me to the desert to explain. Muhamad Alkhalil: God says… [arabic] God talks about man’s place in, in the universe. That this world is a trust. And god offered this trust to the mountains, to the heavens, to the land, to earth, and all refused it, refused to take this trust. But man being adventurous, vain, maybe too ambitious, being man accepted it. Now, accepting it, there is a responsibility. Taking responsibility isn’t always easy. Utopia may be unattainable, but we must reach for it, and Masdar does give us a clue to what cities will be like in the future.

They may not look quite like Masdar, but they will be shaped by the same concerns. By energy. Where it comes from, and how its used. The way we’ve been building cities lately is unsustainable. We can’t go on building them that way. But to say that we can’t build cities the way we have been building them doesn’t mean we can’t build cities in the future. In fact, we have to build cities. Cities are the essential statement of human civilization.

So, we will continue to make them, but we have to make them in a different way. what we’ve seen is that the world of 2050 won’t look drastically different from the world today, but the challenges of a growing population and increased energy use demand real solutions. Its innovations like those we’ve just seen that will be critical in charting our path to the world of 2050..

As found on Youtube

Man: TO ONLY TALK ABOUT AESTHETICS IS ACTUALLY KIND OF INSULTING TO AN ARCHITECT BECAUSE THAT’S THE RESULT OF SOMETHING. IT’S WHAT IT FINALLY LOOKS LIKE. BUT THAT RESULT, LIKE THE LUNAR LANDING MODULE OR HELICOPTER, IS THE RESULT OF A SERIES OF PROCESSES OF THINKING THAT WENT INTO IT, THAT Allow IT TO BEHAVE A CERTAIN SORT OF WAY. WE’VE GONE FROM I LIKE OR DON’T LIKE THIS BUILDING, TO UNDERSTANDING WHAT THE BUILDING DOES AND TRACING THAT THROUGH TO A BROAD VALUE SYSTEM OR ETHIC OF WHERE WE HAVE TO BEHAVE AS A CULTURE TO FIT IN THE WORLD. Wife: WHAT WE’RE Create HERE IS Best available OF THIS TIME.

IT IS ABOUT THE FUTURE, IT IS ABOUT WHAT WE’RE TRYING TO DELIVER FOR THE PUBLIC, FOR OUR CHILDREN, TO SEE Best available OF AMERICAN ARCHITECTURE. Mayne: IT’S ABOUT ASKING QUESTIONS AND IT’S ABOUT DEVELOPING, LITERALLY SMART BUILDINGS. SOME PEOPLE WILL LIKE IT AND SOME NOT. BUT IT’S MUCH LESS IMPORTANT THAN ACTUALLY ASKING WHAT THE BUILDING DOES OR DOESN’T DO. CAN RETHINKING A BUILDING’S DESIGN ACTUALLY MAKE PEOPLE WORK MORE EFFICIENTLY , MORE CREATIVELY, MORE DEMOCRATICALLY ? PERHAPS NOWHERE IS THAT RETHINKING MORE APPROPRIATE THAN IN THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT . THE NEW SAN FRANCISCO FEDERAL BUILDING COMMISSIONED BY THE U.S. GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION, OR THE GSA , IS ANOTHER SIGN THAT THINGS ARE CHANGING . FOR A PERIOD OF TIME IN THE 1960 s AND’ 70 s, THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WAS BUILDING A NOT VERY DISTINGUISHED STABLE OF PROJECTS TO HOUSE THE ACTIVITIES OF THE GOVERNMENT.

AND WHAT WAS HAPPENING IS 20 YEARS DOWN THE ROAD, Is well OF THESE UNFORESEEN COSTS IN MAINTENANCE AND UPKEEP AND REPLACEMENT. WE’VE HAD THE UNFORTUNATE ECONOMIC IMPETUS TO BUILD QUICKLY, CHEAPLY, AND TURN OVER. BIG WAREHOUSE-LIKE BUILDINGS THAT WERE BUILT ON THE CHEAP, THEY LACKED PERSONALITY, THEY LACKED SOUL. PEOPLE DIDN’T LIKE TO WORK THERE, COMMUNITIES DIDN’T WELCOME THEM — THEY STILL DON’T — AND NOW, THERE’S AN ENORMOUS OPPORTUNITY TO RETHINK WHAT THOSE BUILDINGS CAN BE. AMERICANS ARE ALL TOO FAMILIAR WITH UNINSPIRING , WASTEFUL OFFICE BUILDINGS . MID-LEVEL EMPLOYEES JAMMED INTO FLUORESCENTLY LIT CUBICLES , SPEND MORE THAN HALF OF THEIR WAKING HOURS THERE . THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT , AS THE COUNTRY’S LARGEST EMPLOYER OF TWO MILLION PEOPLE , HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO RESHAPE THE WORKPLACE . ALL IT WOULD TAKE WAS LEADERSHIP TO RECOGNIZE THE POWER OF DESIGN INNOVATION . THE GSA IS ACTUALLY THE GOVERNMENT’S LANDLORD, AND THEY ARE RESPONSIBLE FOR ABOUT 300 MILLION SQUARE FEET OF PRIMARILY OFFICE SPACE THROUGHOUT THE UNITED STATES.

SO THEY ARE PROBABLY THE COUNTRY’S LARGEST DEVELOPER, MANAGER, AND ENTREPRENEUR OF REAL ESTATE IN THE COUNTRY. THE GOAL WAS TO REACH OUT TO THE PRIVATE SECTOR TO FIND TOP-QUALITY DESIGN TALENT FOR NEW GSA BUILDINGS . THE SAN FRANCISCO FEDERAL BUILDING IS ONE OF THREE PARTNERSHIPS BETWEEN THE GSA AND CUTTING-EDGE L.A.-BASED ARCHITECT THOM MAYNE . OUR PERCEPTION HERE — WE WOULD HAVE BEEN THE LAST PEOPLE IMAGINABLE TO BE THOUGHT ABOUT AS DOING FEDERAL GOVERNMENT WORK. THIS — THE COURTHOUSE, THE NOAA PROJECT — FOR ME, IT’S BEEN A REALLY INTERESTING KIND OF RIDE AND IT’S BEEN FINALLY IMMENSELY FULFILLING AS WE NOW COMPLETE THE THIRD OF OUR THREE BUILDINGS. WE WERE USED TO LOTS OF MEDIOCRE PROJECTS. SO WHAT WE REALLY WANTED TO DO WITH DESIGN EXCELLENCE WAS FOCUS ON THE MOST IMPORTANT ISSUE ABOUT THE BUILDING. WHO WOULD BE THE ARCHITECT THAT WOULD BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE CREATIVITY, New innovations, THE IMAGE, THE FUNCTIONALITY — EVERYTHING THAT IS IMPORTANT ABOUT A Build, THE THINGS THAT LAST FOREVER? IT’S VERY IMPORTANT THAT ONE OF THE MESSAGES MUST BE THAT BUILDINGS MUST CONTINUE TO REPRESENT THE HIGHEST IDEALS OF WHAT WE BELIEVE IN AS A SOCIETY AND AS A CIVILIZATION.

I Envision, IN THE LAST 10 YEARS, WE’VE BEEN SUCCESSFUL IN BRINGING IN NEW TALENT AND WE’VE BEEN SUCCESSFUL IN SHOWING WHAT AMERICANS, IN TERMS OF DESIGN AND INNOVATION, CAN SHOW IN OUR BUILDINGS. IT HAS TAKEN A BACKWATER, WHICH IS WHAT GSA WAS THIRTY YEARS AGO IN THE ARCHITECTURAL FIEL, AND IT HAS PROPELLED THAT WHOLE DIALOGUE INTO A VERY SPIRITED DISCUSSION AS TO WHAT ARCHITECTURE IS ABOUT OR SHOULD BE ABOUT, AND WHAT IS THE FUTURE OF ARCHITECTURE IN THIS COUNTRY. THOM MAYNE, THE 2005 PRITZKER-PRIZE-WINNING , COUNTERCULTURIST, ICONOCLASTIC ARCHITECT , FOUNDED THE DESIGN FIRM MORPHOSIS IN THE EARLY 1970 s . HIS BUILDINGS ARE KNOWN FOR REFLECTING Is not simply THEIR TIMES , BUT ALSO THE CONFLICTS, CONTRADICTIONS , AND ASPIRATIONS THAT DEFINE THEM . Mayne: WE DON’T PRODUCE THING YOU’VE SEEN BEFORE, WE PRODUCE THINGS YOU’VE NEVER SEEN BEFORE, THAT’S ALL WE DO. WE PRODUCE PROTOTYPES, ESSENTIALLY BECAUSE ALL WE’RE INTERESTED IN IS PRODUCING BUILDINGS THAT RESPOND TO A PARTICULAR SITUATION AND A PARTICULAR PROGRAM, A PARTICULAR SITE. A SET OF PROGRAMMATIC CIRCUMSTANCES NOW, IN THIS TIME OF HISTORY. IN THE U.S.

ALONE , MAYNE’S WORK SPANS FROM CALIFORNIA TO MARYLAND , FROM HIGH SCHOOLS TO COURTHOUSES . EACH UNIQUE PROJECT REFLECTS A BOLD UNORTHODOX APPROACH WITH ONE UNIFYING ELEMENT — AN UNCOMPROMISING DESIRE TO MARRY FORM WITH FUNCTION . HE’S ALWAYS SET HIMSELF APART AS THE — NOT THE BAD BOY, BUT THE ARTIST, LET’S SAY, WHO WAS SOMEWHAT APART FROM THE ESTABLISHMENT. BUT DOING A FEDERAL OFFICE BUILDING, AND A FEDERAL COURTHOUSE AND A NATIONAL OCEANOGRAPHIC HEADQUARTERS IN MARYLAND, YOU’RE NOT DEALING WITH THE OUTER FRINGES HERE, YOU’RE DEALING WITH MAINSTREAM, MAJOR WORK. SO, HERE’S AN INDIVIDUAL WHO’S EXTREMELY SERIOUS, AND SO HE’S GOT IDEAS ABOUT POLITICS AND PHILOSOPHY, BUT HE’S AN ARCHITECT, SO HE WORKS THOSE OUT IN THE PHYSICAL WORLD.

Man: I Envision THE INTERESTING Thing ABOUT THOM IS THAT THE WAY HE TALKS ABOUT HIS BUILDINGS IS THAT THEY REPRESENT FREEDOM AND OPENNESS AND A KIND OF OPTIMISTIC SPIRIT ABOUT WHAT ARCHITECTURE CAN DO, AND I Envision MOST PEOPLE, INCLUDING ME, SEE THEM AS MUCH MORE AGGRESSIVE, AND THEY HAVE A KIND OF BROODING QUALITY, OFTEN, AND SO, YEAH, I Necessitate, IT WOULD TAKE A PSYCHOLOGIST TO SORT OF UNTANGLE ALL THE CONTRADICTIONS IN THE WORK, BUT THAT’S WHAT MAKES IT REALLY FASCINATING. EVEN THOUGH I’VE BEEN, PROBABLY, MORE CRITICAL OF HIS WORK THAN MOST CRITICS, I ALSO Envision HE’S ONE OF THE MOST FASCINATING ARCHITECTS BECAUSE OF ALL THOSE CONTRADICTIONS. Mayne: I Envision ALL ARCHITECTS ARE THE SAME IN SOME WAY. I Envision WHEN I WAS A KID, I Appeared OUT THE WINDOW AND I JUST SAID, “THAT SUCKS.” I PROBABLY Told IT IN THOSE EXACT WORDS, ACTUALLY.

I CAN DO THAT BETTER, OR I Crave TO CHANGE SOMETHING. I ALSO GREW UP IN THE’ 60 s, AND THAT HAD TO HAVE AN EFFECT ON ME. THE WORLD WAS CHANGING HUGELY. Of course, THERE WAS AN EXPLOSION IN CULTURE AT EVERY LEVEL. CLEARLY, I’M A PRODUCT OF THAT. WE NEED ARCHITECTURE WHICH IS THOUGHTFUL AND RESPONSIVE TO THE NATURE OF THE SPECIFICS OF THE PLACE, BOTH IN HUMANISTIC AND URBAN TERMS, AS WELL AS IN CLIMATOLOGICAL TERMS. YOU TAKE THIS BUILDING THAT’S VERY GENERIC AND YOU START WITH ANOTHER SET OF QUESTIONS, AND THE FIRST QUESTIONS ARE CHALLENGING ITS GENERICNESS.

ARE THESE BUILDINGS — WHY ARE THEY GENERIC, AND IS THAT A NECESSITY AND DOES THAT REALLY — IS THAT USEFUL FOR THE NATURE OR THE CULTURE OF A WORKPLACE? AND AS WE STARTED ASKING QUESTIONS, IT JUST BECAME REALLY INTERESTING BECAUSE YOU’RE GOING, WELL, ACTUALLY, THE WORKPLACE IS A PROBLEM WE HAVEN’T REALLY LOOKED AT, AND WHY DON’T WE JUST KIND OF REFOCUS ON KIND OF WHAT IT Entails AS YOU SPEND YOUR 8, 9, 10 HOURS A DAY IN THIS PLACE, RIGHT? I Envision, IF WE’RE REALLY SUCCESSFUL, IT WOULDN’T EVEN BE ABOUT THE BUILDING, “It wouldve been” AS A REAL SUCCESS, AS REPLACING THE MODEL WITH A NEW MODEL. AND THAT WOULD BE A MUCH, MUCH MORE AMBITIOUS GOAL THAN JUST MAKING A BUILDING. SO, WE’RE STANDING ON THE 13 th FLOOR OF THE SAN FRANCISCO FEDERAL BUILDING. THIS IS A 600,000 -SQUARE-FOOT OFFICE Build THAT SITS RIGHT AT THE CORNER OF 7th AND MISSION, AND WE ARE IN THE TOWER PORTION OF THE BUILDING. THE PROJECT IS DEFINITELY SPECIFIC TO THE TEMPERATE CLIMATE IN SAN FRANCISCO. AS DESIGNERS, ONE OF THE FIRST QUESTIONS WE BEGAN TO ASK IS, WHAT ARE THE SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS ON THIS SITE? WHAT ARE THE ORIENTATIONS WITH REGARD TO SUN? WHERE ARE THE MAJOR SOLAR GAINS GOING TO BE HAPPENING ON THE PROJECT? AND WHAT ARE THE WIND CONDITIONS? WE KNOW THAT SAN FRANCISCO, AS A PENINSULA, HAS REALLY GOOD PREVAILING WINDS.

SO, WE STARTED, By the start, TO CANVASS 50 YEARS’ WORTH OF WEATHER DATA IN ORDER TO OPTIMIZE SOME OF THE BASIC DESIGN MOVES AND TIE THEM TO THIS SITE. IN THE CASE OF THIS PARTICULAR PROJECT, WE WERE VERY INTERESTED IN THE IDEA OF WORKPLACE QUALITY, WHICH IS TO SAY, HOW DO PEOPLE ACTUALLY ENGAGE IN AN EXPERIENTIAL WAY, THEIR ENVIRONMENT AS THEY ARE WORKING. THIS IS LIKE DOING A SMALL CITY, IN A WAY. THERE’S 2,000 PEOPLE COMING TO WORK IN THE BUILDING EVERY SINGLE DAY, AND WHERE WE BEGAN AS DESIGNERS WAS TO TAKE A REALLY HARD LOOK AT WHAT THE EXPERIENCE WOULD BE OF THE INDIVIDUAL WHO’S COMING TO SIT AT A WORKSTATION AND SPEND MAYBE THE NEXT 25 YEARS OF THEIR LIFE WORKING FOR A PARTICULAR FEDERAL AGENCY.

THE BUILDING’S SITING AND ORIENTATION MAXIMIZE THE AMOUNT OF SUNLIGHT THAT CAN FILTER IN , AND THE STRUCTURE’S UNUSUALLY NARROW FOOTPRIT HELPS THAT SUNLIGHT PENETRATE DEEP INTO THE BUILDING . Christ: THERE IS A SERIES OF VERY INEXPENSIVE SENSORS THAT ARE GOING TO BE MONITORING THE DAYLIGHT ENTERING THE SPACE, AND WHEN THE LIGHTS ARE NOT REQUIRED, THEY WILL BE DIMMED DOWN TO ZERO. THE ESTIMATES FOR LIGHTING IN OFFICE BUILDINGS, THEY RANGE BETWEEN 30% TO 40% OF THE TOTAL ENERGY USE. SO, IF WE CAN ABSOLUTELY OBVIATE THE NEED FOR THEM AND ALSO GET RID OF THE HEAT GAINS THAT THE LIGHTS MAY BE PUTTING INTO THE SPACE, WE’VE GONE A LONG, LONG WAY TOWARDS A SENSIBLE SOLUTION FOR THE BUILDING. ANYONE WHO’S WORKED INSIDE A MODERN OFFICE HAS BEEN SUBJECTED TO THE OVER-CHILLED AIR OF SUMMER AND THE DRY, STUFFY HEAT OF WINTER — BOTH MAJOR USES OF ENERGY . THE SAN FRANCISCO FEDERAL BUILDING’S SOPHISTICATED TECHNOLOGY ALLOWS FOR SOMETHING UNPRECEDENTED — NATURAL VENTILATION . IT ALSO GIVES THOSE WHO Operate THERE SOMETHING ELSE UNPRECEDENTED — CONTROL . THERE’S A GREAT PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFIT TO HAVING CONTROL OVER YOUR ENVIRONMENT.

WE’VE KNOWN THIS FOR A LONG Day, BUT IT’S A VERY DIFFICULT THING TO ACHIEVE IN BIG OFFICE BUILDINGS. LOCAL BUILDING CODES ALL AROUND THE UNITED STATES TYPICALLY PROHIBIT THE USE OF OPERABLE WINDOWS IN COMMERCIAL OFFICE BUILDINGS, AND WHAT WE WERE ABLE TO DO WAS SHOW THE GSA’S FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEER THAT WE WERE MEETING A HIGHER OR EQUIVALENT LEVEL OF LIFE SAFETY IN THE BUILDING, EVEN THOUGH ALL THE WINDOWS OPEN. AND SO, WE’RE ON A MODEL WHICH IS CLOSER TO A EUROPEAN MODEL. Mayne: ONE OF THE FIRST THINGS WE ASKED OUR MECHANICAL ENGINEER — COULD WE Envision ABOUT TAKING THE AIR CONDITIONING OUT? IS IT EVEN POSSIBLE? JUST ASK THE DUMBEST QUESTION. THEY GO, OH, ACTUALLY, UM, ACTUALLY, IT COULD BE — IT’S PLAUSIBLE. Christ: THE BUILDING RELIES ON THE DIURNAL SHIFT BETWEEN DAYTIME AND NIGHTTIME TEMPERATURE.

SO, IN A NUTSHELL, DURING THE WARM WEATHER IN SAN FRANCISCO, THE BUILDING AUTOMATION SYSTEM, IN THE EVENING, WILL OPEN THOSE VENT WINDOWS. THERE ARE SMALL MOTORS THAT ARE ATTACHED TO THEM AND ALLOW COOL NIGHT AIR TO ENTER THE BUILDING, WHICH IS MAYBE 20 TO 25 DEGREES COOLER THAN THE DAYTIME TEMPERATURE, AND BATHE ALL OF THESE CONCRETE CEILINGS IN COOL AIR. THERE ARE SENSORS WHICH ARE BURIED INSIDE THIS CONCRETE CEILING, AT WHICH TIME WE HAVE ABSORBED ENOUGH COOLING ENERGY INTO THE STRUCTURE THE WINDOWS WILL CLOSE AND SEAL THAT COOLING ENERGY IN.

SO, PEOPLE COME TO WORK THE NEXT DAY, AND THE CONCEPTUAL BASIS OF THE BUILDING IS THAT WE WILL HAVE STORED ENOUGH COOLING ENERGY IN THE STRUCTURE ITSELF TO OFFSET THE HEAT GAINS OF The following. SO, AS PEOPLE COME TO WORK AND THE SUN COMES UP AND STARTS SHINING IN THE BUILDING AND THEY TURN THEIR Computer ON, THEY START MAKING COFFEE AND TURNING MICROWAVES ON TO WARM UP THEIR DANISH OR SOMETHING, YOU START TO ACCUMULATE A LOT OF HEAT GAIN DURING THE DAY. WELL, THE FOLLOWING EVENING, THE BUILDING WILL OPEN AND ALL THOSE GAINS WILL BE FLUSHED OUT AGAIN. WE CALL IT A NIGHT FLUSH. NOW SOMETHING THAT IS VERY, VERY IMPORTANT IN THE WHOLE CONCEPT OF THE DESIGN AS WELL IS The facts of the case THAT WE HAVE A PERFORATED STAINLESS STEEL SCRIM ON THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE BUILDING WHICH IS Shadowing THE GLASS AND REPELLING ABOUT 50% OF THE SOLAR GAIN, AND ON THE NORTH SIDE, WE HAVE A SERIES OF GLASS SUNSHADES THAT ARE FIXED AGAINST LOW SUN ANGLES IN THE SUMMERTIME.

SO, WE’VE DONE TWO SPECIFIC SOLUTIONS ON THE EXTERIOR OF THE BUILDING TO HELP MODULATE THE HEAT GAINS BECAUSE THAT’S THE BIGGEST ISSUE IN DOING LOW-ENERGY COOLING. MAYNE’S TEAM USED DESIGN Is not simply TO SAVE ENERGY , BUT ALSO TO RESHAPE THE CULTURE OF THE WORKPLACE AND PROMOTE INTERACTION AND CONNECTION BETWEEN PEOPLE . WE REVERSED THE ORDER OF MANAGEMENT AND STAFF — WE PUT THE MANAGEMENT ON THE INSIDE AND THE STAFF ON THE OUTSIDE. THEY DON’T GET THE CORNER VIEW, THE LITTLE OFFICES THAT ARE ON THE EDGES, WHERE THEY CAN HIDE AWAY AND LOOK OUT THE WINDOW. THEY ARE ON THE INSIDE, WHERE THEY CONNECT AND HAVE INTERCONNECTION. ONE OF THE MORE UNIQUE INNOVATIONS OF THE SAN FRANCISCO FEDERAL BUILDING IS ITS SKIP-STOP EXPRESS ELEVATORS , WHICH STOP EVERY THIRD FLOOR AND ENCOURAGE WORKERS TO WALK EITHER UP OR DOWN A FLIGHT OF STAIRS . WHEN WE TALKED ABOUT A HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT, WHAT CONSTITUTES A HEALTHY WORK ENVIRONMENT, WE TALKED ABOUT WALKING.

THERE’S ONE THIRD THE AMOUNT OF STOPS. YOU GET EFFICIENCY, AND YOU PRODUCE THESE SECOND KIND OF ORDER OF LOBBIES. IT’S PART OF A SOCIAL MODEL, AN INTERACTIVE MODEL, AND WE’RE GETTING INTERESTING RESPONSES BACK THAT THEY LIKE IT, THAT IT PROMOTES INTERCONNECTION. I Envision THIS IS A Build THAT’S GOING TO HAVE TO BE LEARNED, AND I Envision IT WILL BE LEARNED VERY QUICKLY BY THE PEOPLE WHO WORK WITHIN IT. IT’S NOT MEANT TO CALM US AS MUCH AS IT IS TO INSTRUCT US. IT’S SOMETHING, I Envision, TO MAKE US WAKE UP BECAUSE THERE ARE SO MANY IDEAS EMPLOYED IN THIS BUILDING THAT WE’VE NOT REALLY SEEN TYPICALLY EMPLOYED, CERTAINLY IN FEDERAL CONSTRUCTION OR EVEN IN THE AVERAGE OFFICE Build. Ciprazo: THIS IS A NEIGHBORHOOD THAT I’VE WORKED IN AND GROWN UP IN, IT HAS BEEN KIND OF NEGLECTED BY THE CITY.

SO, A BIG ISSUE, WHEN WE DO BUILD IN A CITY, IS TO LOOK AT A PLACE WHERE PEOPLE HAVE NEGLECTED. IF WE INVEST THE DOLLARS IN THAT AREA, THEN WE SEE THAT AS A GENESIS OF OTHER PEOPLE INVESTING IN THAT AREA. MAYNE AND HIS TEAM SOUGHT TO INTEGRATE THE NEW BUILDING INTO ITS NEIGHBORHOOD BY USING THE BUILDING’S AMENITIES TO CREATE LINKS BETWEEN THE PEOPLE WHO Operate THERE AND THE COMMUNITY . WE TOOK THE CAFE WHICH IS USUALLY INSIDE THESE AND PUT IT ON THE STREET, SO THEY COME OUT OF THE BUILDING, THEY JOIN THE WORLD.

THEY SIT IN THE PLAZA. THEY INTERACT WITH THE REST OF THE COMMUNITY, AND USE THAT ACTUALLY TO ACTIVATE THE COMMUNITY. Ciprazo: MY VISION WAS TO ACTUALLY BRING INTO THIS NEIGHBORHOOD A PLACE THAT HAD OPEN SPACE THAT PEOPLE COULD FEEL SAFE IN, WAS TO BRING FACILITIES FOR THE NEIGHBORHOOD THAT THEY COULD USE, LIKE, SAY, OUR CONFERENCE CENTER AFTER HOURS FOR, You are familiar with, COMMUNITY GROUPS TO HAVE PLAYS. TO Deliver THE CHILD CARE CENTER THAT IS OPEN TO THE PUBLIC, SO THAT WE’RE NOT JUST AN ISOLATED FEDERAL COMPLEX IN THE MIDDLE OF A NEIGHBORHOOD. WE BECOME A PART OF THE FABRIC OF THE NEIGHBORHOOD. Mayne: I Envision, Is not simply DOES IT HAVE AN OPPORTUNITY OF BEING A MODEL FOR OTHER GOVERNMENT BUILDINGS OF THIS TYPE — OR OTHER TYPES, EVEN, AS FAR AS THAT GOES — IT ACTUALLY HAS AN OPPORTUNITY OF RETHINKING OFFICE BUILDINGS IN GENERAL FOR THE PRIVATE SECTOR.

BUT WE HAVE TO WAIT A WHILE TO SEE IF THAT’S TRUE OR NOT. I Pass YOU THE PRITZKER-AWARD-WINNING THOM MAYNE.[ APPLAUSE] SOMEBODY PUT LITTLE METAL PIECES IN ALL THE BENCHES, AND I Envision IT DOESN’T ALLOW KIDS TO SKATEBOARD. AND I’M GOING TO SAY NO. WE WANT CHILDREN. WE WANT YOUNG PEOPLE IN THIS CITY. WE Crave SKATEBOARDERS — THEY ACTIVATE THE CITY.

IT’S FANTASTIC. TIMOTHY LEARY ONCE SAID , “THINK FOR YOURSELF AND QUESTION AUTHORITY.” FOR THOM MAYNE AND HIS BUILDINGS , IT IS ABOUT QUESTIONING WHAT THE STATUS QUO IS , EVEN IN THE WAY WE THINK ABOUT SUSTAINABILITY . Mayne: SUSTAINABILITY — FINALLY, IT HAS TO START WITH AN INTELLIGENCE OF HOW WE USE ENERGY. IT’S AS SIMPLE AS THAT. AND IN TODAY’S WORLD, IT’S NOT ROCKET SCIENCE. TO THE EMBARRASSMENT OF OUR CULTURE, THE U.S.

USES JUST ABOUT TWICE THE AMOUNT OF ENERGY OF THE AVERAGE EUROPEAN. THEY SEE US AS GLUTTONS, AND THEY SHOULD. AND WE HAVE TO SOLVE THIS, AND THIS SEEMS TO BE AN ISSUE THAT PEOPLE ARE EXTREMELY INTERESTED IN TODAY, AND IT BECAME AN ABSOLUTE PRIORITY IN THIS BUILDING. Ciprazo: WHEN I Envision ABOUT SUSTAINABILITY, I Envision ABOUT IT IN A LARGER VIEW. IT ISN’T ABOUT JUST ENERGY SAVINGS. IT ISN’T JUST ABOUT HOW MANY BTUs PER SQUARE FOOT WE’RE SAVING. SUSTAINABILITY IS ABOUT, HOW IS THIS BUILDING SUSTAINABLE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD? HOW, IN 100 YEARS, IS IT STILL SUSTAINABLE IN THE NEIGHBORHOOD? Ivy: I Envision PEOPLE’S PERCEPTION OF THIS BUILDING WILL SHIFT RADICALLY AS THEY GET TO KNOW IT. IT’S GOING TO BECOME AN ICONIC STRUCTURE WITHIN THE CITY, AND, I Envision, PERHAPS, In different countries. IN THE State, WE’VE NOT HAD A MAJOR OFFICE Build THAT ATTEMPTS THIS LEVEL OF FULLY INTEGRATED ENERGY SAVINGS AND SUSTAINABILITY THROUGHOUT THE ENTIRE FABRIC OF THE BUILDING. I DO Envision IT REPRESENTS A REALLY SIGNIFICANT STEP FORWARD IN INTEGRATING SOME OF THESE IDEAS ABOUT SOCIAL INTERACTION AND ALSO ABOUT SUSTAINABILITY INSIDE THE BUILDING.

IT’S NOT PERFECT AS A GREEN BUILDING — THERE ARE LOTS OF INEFFICIENCIES ABOUT IT, STILL. I MEAN, THERE’S A LOT OF STEEL IN THAT BUILDING THAT’S USED IN A PRETTY ORNAMENTAL WAY TO DO THESE KINDS OF FOLDED PLANES THAT HAVE ALWAYS BEEN AN IMPORTANT MOTIF IN HIS WORK, BUT THEY DON’T SERVE ANY PURPOSE. SO, I Envision IT’S TOUGH FOR SOME PEOPLE WHO ARE INTERESTED IN GREEN DESIGN TO LOOK AT THAT BUILDING AND REALLY SEE IT AS, You are familiar with, AS A MODEL OF SUSTAINABILITY OR EFFICIENCY.

IN THE END, You are familiar with, THE SUSTAINABILITY OF A BUILDING HAS A LOT MORE TO DO WITH THE FEELINGS OF THE PEOPLE WHO USE IT, I Envision, THAN WE SOMETIMES REALIZE. BECAUSE IF A BUILDING BECOMES SORT OF BELOVED AND IT’S A GREAT PLACE TO WORK, WHETHER OR NOT IT’S EFFICIENT, You are familiar with, IN TERMS OF ITS MECHANICAL SYSTEMS, THEN IT’S GOING TO BE MORE LIKELY TO LAST. IT’S GOING TO BE MORE LIKELY TO BE PRESERVED AND NOT KNOCKED DOWN TO, You are familiar with, MAKE WAY FOR ANOTHER BUILDING, WHICH USES ENTIRELY NEW MATERIALS. SO I Envision THAT’S ONE WAY WE HAVE TO THINK ABOUT SUSTAINABILITY, TOO. IT’S NOT ALWAYS AN AESTHETIC ISSUE. SOMETIMES, IT’S A PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUE THAT MAKES A BUILDING VERY UNIQUE TO ITS COMMUNITY AND ITS ENVIRONMENT. PEOPLE WOULD WRITE AND THEY’D CALL AND THEY’D SAY, “IT DOESN’T LOOK LIKE A SAN FRANCISCO BUILDING.” AND, You are familiar with, THAT’S A REAL TOUGH ONE. SOMETIMES IT’S HARD TO SAY WHAT DOES LOOK LIKE ANY CITY’S BUILDING.

TRUTHFULLY, JUST THE OVERALL EFFECT, IT FEELS PRETTY UNFINISHED. Man: I Necessitate, I Crave TO LIKE IT, BECAUSE I UNDERSTAND, LIKE, IT REPRESENTS, LIKE, REALLY MODERN TECHNOLOGY AND, You are familiar with, THE NEXT STEP IN BUILDING, AND THINGS LIKE THAT. BUT I HAVEN’T FALLEN IN LOVE WITH IT BY ANY MEANS. Woman: I Envision THAT IT’S WONDERFUL THAT HE USED NATURAL LIGHT. I REALLY DESPISE FLUORESCENT LIGHT, AND IT’S JUST A SUPER STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION REGARDING ARCHITECTURE AND The environmental issues. IT’S VERY CLEAR. IT’S NOT PARTICULARLY INVITING. YEAH, IT’S NOT INVITING, IT’S LIKE — WHEN YOU CAN’T SEE INTO ANY OF THE WINDOWS, THERE’S NO PHOTOGRAPHY FROM ANYWHERE AROUND. IT’S LIKE, WE’RE WATCHING YOU. THAT’S THE FEELING YOU GET. AND YOU CAN’T SEE US. You are familiar with, SO IT’S GREAT THAT IT’S GREEN, BUT I Envision IT’S OVER — You are familiar with, IT’S IN THIS NEIGHBORHOOD AND IT’S LIKE, YEAH, WE’RE WATCHING YOU NOW.

YEAH, WE’RE HERE. I REALLY DON’T CARE IF SOMEBODY LIKES OR DOESN’T LIKE MY BUILDING — WE DON’T TALK ABOUT, LIKE, BEAUTY OR LOOKS OR — IT’S NOT A DISCUSSION HERE. WE TALK ABOUT THE QUALITY OF THE THING. AGAIN, GOING TO THE HELICOPTER. THEY’RE KIND OF ODD-LOOKING THINGS, AND THE MORE YOU LOOK AT THEM, THE MORE YOU KNOW ABOUT THEM, IT’S VERY POSSIBLE YOU’LL FIND THEM MORE INTERESTING THAN YOU DID THE FIRST TIME YOU SAW IT, INSTEAD OF Reasoning ABOUT IT’S UGLY OR BEAUTY. IT GETS IMMEDIATELY CONTAMINATED BY YOUR KNOWLEDGE, AND NOW, YOU’RE FINDING IT MAYBE NEITHER UGLY OR BEAUTY, BUT JUST INTERESTING. AND AGAIN, I’M MUCH MORE INTERESTED IN THAT. I WOULD BE VERY DISAPPOINTED IF IT’S NEUTRAL AND IT GOT NO RESPONSE. Ciprazo: LET’S PUSH THE ENVELOPE A LITTLE SO PEOPLE ARE OUT OF THEIR COMFORT LEVEL, BUT IT’S NOT FOR ANYTHING NEGATIVE. IT’S ABOUT CREATING SPACES THAT ARE BETTER FOR THEM. AND Formerly THEY’RE OUT, TAKING THAT RISK, AND THEN UNDERSTANDING WHAT YOU’RE DOING, THEN THEY CAN EMBRACE IT. ONE OF THESE THINGS ABOUT ARCHITECTURE, YOU CAN CHANGE YOUR ENVIRONMENT AND CHANGE BEHAVIOR.

I Envision THE WORK WE’RE PRODUCING NOW, THE WORK WE’LL PRODUCE IN THE FUTURE, IT’S GOING TO AFFECT THE CULTURE OF THE WORKPLACE IN TERMS OF THE INHABITANT. I HAVE NO QUESTION THAT IT’S PART OF A THINNING DOWN OF THIS COUNTRY, WHICH HAS TO TAKE PLACE. WE’VE GOT PEOPLE THAT EAT TOO MUCH — ENERGY, IN THIS CASE — AND THEY HAVE TO BE RETRAINED. AND THEY HAVE TO UNDERSTAND THAT IT’S IMPORTANT, AND THEY DO UNDERSTAND, REALLY, I Envision — RIGHT? AND IT’S IMPORTANT GLOBALLY, IN TERMS OF HOW WE BEHAVE IN A GLOBAL CULTURE, IN OUR ROLE IN THAT GLOBAL CULTURE.

AT THAT LEVEL, IT MAKES THE PROJECT MOST INTERESTING BECAUSE NOW, WE’RE MOVING FROM ARCHITECTURE TO HUGE MACRO IDEAS AND WE’RE STARTING TO UNDERSTAND THE IMPORTANCE OF A SINGLE BUILDING. AND AS THAT BUILDING ACCRETES TO MAKE LARGER THINGS LIKE CITIES, AND THEN THAT TURNS INTO A CULTURE OF A COUNTRY OR ET CETERA, IT CONNECTS NOW TO HUGE, HUGE ISSUES THAT ARE GLOBAL. FOR MORE Datum ABOUT E-SQUARED , VISIT OUR WEBSITE AT PBS.ORG . E-SQUARED IS AVAILABLE ON DVD . TO ORDER, CALL PBS HOME VIDEO AT 1-800-PLAY-PBS .

As found on Youtube

( MUSIC, HAMMERING .) >> DR CHURCHILL: Currently we’re in the disused Myer building in Fremantle. Last-place week there was nothing here — “its been” derelict. This week, the Interior Architecture and Architecture students from Curtin University have moved in with the most appropriate task and established this amazing exhibition.( MUSIC) >> DR NEILLE: This is their given an opportunity to applied that nonsense on the wall up an open forum and display their reasoning, their ability, their detections.( MUSIC) >> LAUREN: It feels like quite an accomplishment actually.

It’s really nice to have the opportunity to appearance something that we’ve worked on so difficult. >> CAMDEN: You’re creating this really great task and you’ve got to show it off, to not only in the future content your buyer, because it’s not just for yourself and it’s not just like an essay, it’s really for a lot of people to verify. >> JADE: It’s such an achievement to have gotten this far. It’s a the highest ferocity direction, um, it’s a personal accomplishment that I definitely won’t forget. >> BRETT: It’s good to get that the information received from the public, whether they like it or not. And I guess that’s the measure of good building.( MUSIC) >> LAUREN: I’ve got a panelling structure over in the corner there. It’s a screen that sits in front of a leave or disused room. And it opens and shuts for responding to the consumer, so it’s robotic. The abstraction came from a conjecture called third room, which looks at realized room which is the room we touch and treated with every day.

And conceive room which is the room of anticipate. And the idea of a third room in between those two, that is a superory standing, or some sort of strange concerning the relationship between the two of them. >> KATRINA: I’m trying to see how a spacial interior could elicit a sublime suffer. The impression is that you’re supposed to just forget your inhibitions and only feel the landscape and take off your shoes. Absolutely go into it. It’s darkness and there’s pebbles around. A few open walls. I’m pretty excited to examine what it’s going to wreak. Assure how they were react to my room. >> JESSICA: You know when you’re in the industry for a while you tend to get a bit, I conclude sometimes things can get a bit stale or you get bogged down in the real life issues such as funds, and you know, clients.

But when you’re, patently looking around you can see that the students don’t have those various kinds of stress and they’re really free in their thinking and the style we are really approach blueprint is really different. >> BRETT: I believe that the work should be understood by the broader populace. I don’t think it should just be academic or theoretical. >> CAMDEN: If you’re going to create a room for someone to explore and to employ and create an experience in, you need to have that suffer as well to generate that. So, you find yourself actually immersed in what you’re doing and what you’re testing. >> JADE: The style that it opened me up to my creativity.

I didn’t realise that I had certain skills before I started. I didn’t realise that I could depict, I didn’t realized that I could articulate my suggestions. >> KELISE: The style that you understand the world, it’s changed once you’ve various kinds of spend five years or six years, kind of developing preference and understand better the constructed situation and everything around you and why it is the way it is. >> JESSICA: My outlook and the style that I react to the well-developed situation — that’s completely changed. I can’t step down a street and not be examining in the air!( chortles) >> JADE: Always being able to experiment something, and experiment it, and pushing further.

And never only kind of be comfortable with the first idea. >> JESSICA: I actually think there’s a number of wizards in the room tonight. >> DR NEILLE: It’s really not about the ordinary, it’s about trying to oblige something special for everyone. >> JESSICA: I’ve come out knowing enough of certain things to interject them into my blueprint. And make sure that they’re workable and understandable and the government had the possibility to be built. >> CAMDEN: I feel like I’ve got enough within myself to contribute to the field.

>> KATRINA: Yeah, I’m hoping for large-scale happenings, yeah.( MUSIC ).

Architectural services

 

For a very long time, we have believed that the hand of an architect should look like this. It is known that architects are smart and sophisticated. They ever wear black, and they know better than anyone else how our metropolitans has been in operation. They build modelings, and they look at them from above. An architect’s hand is like the hand of God. This particular hand belongs to Le Corbusier, and in this iconic photo, he is presenting a model of Plan Voisin, a utopian modernist vision for Paris that fortunately was never built, but the impact of his ideas was enormous. In reality, urban planners today are trying to fix what this person, with his hands from above, did to metropolitans. Modernist city planning produced rooms specially designed for cars, a city where different functions like stores, bureaux and dwelling, are strictly divided; a city where the traditional street, together with all street life, is stimulated obsolete.

Contrary to Le Corbusier, I deeply care about streets, and I wish that the street of our metropolitans offered a more balanced room for mobility and for social life. I likewise believe that the hand of an architect can look like this, and he, or she, can be working inside of the model, immediately on wall street. For the past five years, I’ve had the opportunity to work in several urban design programmes in public rooms. I’ve employed my own hands to build these things. I’ve expended many hours on the website, and, while there, I’ve stimulated some interesting observations. It all started with a project in Bastejkalns Park in Riga, that’s when I expended a week crawling on the floor, painting light-green circles, and constantly clarifying to curious passers-by why I am doing this. I was actually setting up an outdoor exhibition which was dedicated to a Latvian columnist. My experiments with coloring resumed in Sarkandaugava neighbourhood in Riga, and this time I painted everything cherry-red, and, of course, I carried on please explain why. It was to differentiate the first public square in Riga, co-designed with a brave neighbourhood community. But today, I’d like to tell you more about the project in Miera Street.

The call of wall street intends’ serenity’ in Latvian, and the call of the project “Mierigi” carries as’ peacefully’ or’ easily ‘. At our studio, Fine Young Urbanists, all my fellow members Toms Kokins and I started working with Miera Street 3 years ago. Now, this was when I had just returned from Rotterdam, the Netherlands, where I had expended several years learning and working. When the time comes to street designing, the Netherlands is genuinely a superpower. There are so many different kinds of streets in the Dutch metropolitans: with beautiful large-hearted trees, with canals, with wide sidewalks – and I know you’re probably belief this already – with cycling paths, of course. Living in Rotterdam stimulated me recognise that healthy lifestyles and vibrant street life can be incorporated within urban design. Without even thinking of practice, I rode my bicycle for at least 20 times every day. Without even looking for a park, I had access to greenery right there on wall street. I assured people barbecuing, watching Tv, or selling their furniture on wall street, and I gladly took part in that.

I felt that I had the freedom to move around the city whichever way I liked, I was fit, and I was happy. And then I returned to Riga. I assured the street here from a new perspective: how sad they genuinely are, how empty, specially the ones that have been constructed recently. Cycling experienced uncomfortable, and quite soon I switched to a car because it’s so easy. Riga today recurs the same mistakes that American metropolitans stimulated back in the 1950 s: it constructs freeways to solve traffic problems, it allows large-hearted shopping centers to pop up next to these freeways, and for suburban villages to grow just outside the borders of Riga. At the same time, the historical center is rapidly loosing residents, the breath excellence is the worst in the Baltic Country due to traffic congestion, and there is an empty structure on almost every block.

Riga stimulated me, an urban planner, feel limited in my selects and unconsciously switch to a lifestyle that induces me unfit and unhappy. With all this in brain, we chose we are to be able do something about at least one street in Riga. The reasons set out above we decide to Miera Street was that there was an active neighbourhood community which is quite exceptional for a street in the center of Riga, there was a great spatial potential for a high-quality street life, and there was a very obvious trouble: 90% of the cars go on tram-rails leaving the paths designed for them empty. At the same time, pedestrians and the increasing number of cyclists have to share a narrow sidewalk and navigate between signposts, open door, and parked cars. We were sure that the available street room can be used in a more balanced path. By generate a shared car and tram lane in the middle, room would free up for a cycling lane on each side of the street.

That would in turn allow us to vacate the side strolls for walking, for sitting, for bicycle parking, for outdoor coffeehouse, for plants and for trees, for beautiful, light-green, leafy trees. Did you know that in those nearly 700 meters of Miera Street that are considered to be a hip, creative quarter, there are only 15 trees? That is one tree for 45 meters, on only one back of wall street. That doesn’t seem so hip, does it? With a better designed street profile, it would become easier and safer for pedestrians to cross the street, small business would have better spatial circumstances to develop, and there would still be car parking available where needed, the livability of Miera Street aimed at improving, and all this would in fact leave the current traffic situation practically intact.

People is as simple as feel better, more at home on a street that accommodates more choices. What we also wanted to explore with this project was the ties between an architect and these communities. The locals are surely experts of their street, and we, urban planners, want to know what they know because we want to create a designing that are appropriate the needs and requirements and actually improves their street. So at first we stimulated these pulls and photo-montages to have something to talk about. Then we tried involving people on wall street by showing them our visions. The answer was primarily positive, but we still weren’t really sure if the proposed answer was the best fit or if we were even understood. So eventually, we chose to test the idea spatially, and we did what architects commonly do: we built a model. But instead of structure something tiny and looking at it from above, we decided that we would become those tiny plastic people inside of the model and test the idea in real circumstances on a scale one to one, immediately on the street.

The mock-up established in three days, and it remained in place for almost a week. It changed wall street instantly. On one back, we added merely 30 centimeters to the sidewalk, and that was enough to create room for terraces and tiny cafe tables next to the wall; which is very convenient if you crave to sit down and wait for somebody, have a dinner, reorganize your suitcases after grocery browse, remainder after a long go, or simply enjoy sitting down and looking at other people. On the other side, as soon as we put down tables and chairs, people from a nearby coffeehouse started serving coffee and cakes. People instinctively know how to use a good street when they see it. We at Fine Young Urbanists belief these sorts of urban prototyping with mock-ups is the cheapest, fastest and most reliable path for experimenting changes in the urban settings. Urban prototyping is collective envisage, collective wishful thinking. It allows you to feel the room with your body to see if you can find a comfortable home for yourself, if you want to stay there. It is also a path to eschew expensive designing blunders later.

We have learned that these small actions in a public room is a great way to involve the public in designing process. During construction time, we were constantly there: structure, painting and talking about here people that were interested in this. The most frequently asked query was, “Why is this thing blue? ” Well, the vivid coloring provoked people to start a discussion with strangers about street designing; that are actually the daydream of an urban planner come true. And this time we got all kinds of questions: from extremely positive, very supportive to instead critical, and even aggressive.

It is comprehensible that not everyone corroborates the notion of more cyclists on the street, it is a nuisance. Not everybody wants to give up their parking space for an outdoor coffeehouse or potted flowers. But here I would like to refer back to a smart advice that my mother formerly shared with me: “No we are capable of withstand good manners. People are entitled to have an opinion that is different from yours, but be polite, talk calmly, and listen to what others have to say. Perhaps you’ll learn something, and perhaps they will start listening to you.” As urbanites, we must understand that cycling paths are not built merely to delight cyclists, and street furniture is not installed for the profit of shopkeepers, and streets in general do not subsist merely for the convenience of cars. Envisioning that would be like still expressed his belief that telephones are only stimulated for calling. Metropolis are not that simple-minded. Metropolis are very complex creatures where everything needs to be in equilibrium and where everyone – young, healthy and financially procure, as well as those whose income is modest and whose movements are limited – can equally take part in mobility and in social life.

Why do I see that streets are so important? The American urbanist and famous people watcher William H. Whyte formerly beautifully used to say streets are the rivers of life in the city. Of course, streets help us effectively move around, but streets are also a stage where public life can take place. And public life really is the essence of metropolitans. People have not built urban agreements to persist concealed from each other in their homes or in their cars.

They have come together to exchange knowledge, to share assets, and to develop something collectively, and the very best metropoli has a capability to embrace all the various selects of the person or persons that lives there and to help balance them spatially. After finishing the “Mierigi” project, a video was stimulated, and we posted it online. The idea resonated with people worldwide. Our little video has now been viewed, tweeted, shared, liked over 60 000 times.

That can show that urban planners, activists, and community leaders all over the world “re even looking for” new ways to let their metropolitans know that there is a desire to take street room back from cars and profit-hungry developers. And we are definitely not alone: there is a whole new engender of architects and urban planners that are less related with designing iconic buildings and more very interested in humanizing the rigid, unbalanced metropoli. They are not “afraid youre going to” take risks, working in cooperation with their own hands, and “they il be” masters in detecting loopholes in regulations and alternative ways of communication. Forget about the arrogant modernist. This new architect is more of a hacker. Practices like Exist in France, or Raumlabor in Germany, or Assemble in the UK, are successfully transforming the responsibilities of architects and changing the path we seem at congested streets, empty buildings, and undesired areas in our metropolitans. For example, Parkind Day started as a small initiative of Rebar Art and Design Studio in San Francisco, and in 10 years, it has grown into a global motion, and several metropolitans have even incorporated it into their urban plans. Or the architectural firm ZUS in Rotterdam managed to transform an undesired role pulley-block that had stood empty for 15 times into a creative hotspot and a testing website for new ideas.

That is a place now that many other metropolitans are envious of. How could we persuasion even more architects and urban planners to become actively involved in metropoli construct? I see one of the ways is through education. Every year, we plan a summertime academy for students and young professionals of architecture, urban development and designing. And in this summer academy, they get a chance to go through a full designing cycle in only 2 week. This is something rare in architectural education. The players do research, come up with a conception, and experiment it immediately by building it in a public domain.

Through this, they learn how heavy real substances are and how frightening power tools can sometimes be. And they don’t only build for the sake of practice; they create something that the neighbourhood borough – in our case, Cesis – or a neighbourhood organisation is genuinely very interested in. Ultimately, at the end of the summer academy, they envision the finished building being appropriated by the public. They see whether it runs as intended or it fails to live up to the concept. This hand-on experience wholly changes the path these young architects view their profession. In our summertime academy, we teach that architecture reaches beyond buildings and that urbanism is not just the room between them. We believe that building is a social act, but let’s not forget that prototypes are just a stair towards making real public rooms, and a summertime academy will probably never supplant a university. I don’t really think that Miera Street should be painted all blue, and I know that professional builders have much more skill operating a screw handgun than architects ever will. What I am suggesting is that to keep a clear and critical brain we often require a change of perspective.

To build better metropolitans, we need both: a thorough to better understand street life and a position from above. I believe that taking small steps can lead to major conversions in our metropolitans. And I genuinely, genuinely hope that in the future there will be more architects and urban designers that rely less on Mega Lo Mania visions and more on their humanity. Thank you.( Applause ).

As found on Youtube

Let’s go way back! Look back and reminisce on how it began And how I became the designer that I am I knew I was an architect since the age of two, Standing in my cot I had a mesmerizing view. Going in my stroller the batches were astounding Everywhere I gazed was stone, brick, and glazing My second word form, first message role My mothers were amazed i could connect that conjugation Lookin like a zebra, yeah I’m wearin grey and pitch-black, Too busy building organizations ain’t got no time to nap. We’re architects oh! and we knew it from the start A perfect compounding of house and artistry We’ve been making, since the age of two And now we’re intent, a better metropoli, for you My abilities blossomed, at the age of six Sagging instant motifs with getaway protrudes Announce me Abraham, I had skill with the Lincoln Logs, Designed a mini-house, for my dog. I was a boss at Jenga, schooling all your best friend, Check out my desk, my enormous potpourrus of writes, Attracted my first all nighter by the age of nine With Legos I constructed an immaculate pattern We’re architects oh! and we knew it from the start A perfect compounding of house and artistry, yeah We’ve been making, since the age of two And now we’re intent, a better metropoli, for you Construct a doll room, out of sud core timber For my Architect Barbie, she was floored! Skipped a family trip to disappear appreciate Mickey Mouse, Rather go to Falling Water to see Franks famous house.

Donned a outlining tubing, instead of a journal container It was the start of my architect swag Sorted all my clothes, according to hues And made a sketch up of my bedroom with a 3d view We’re designers, and we knew it from the start A perfect compounding of house and artistry We’ve been making, since the age of two And now we’re intent, a better metropoli, for you Structuring skylines within Sim City And in Minecraft I constructed a dwelling that was pretty Designed a treehouse, and to be submitted to enjoyment But I had to cut costs, to save for my tuition Mowed a hundred lawns to buy a 3d printer And took up woodworking, ow! A splinter! Love to design and improve, it’s what I do.

I’m gonna be an architect, how about you? So get up! Grab your pencils, let’s pattern the city Inspire the world, as we make it pretty We are creators! As you are able to derive Come join us! and DISCOVER ARCHITECTURE.

As found on Youtube

Yo! Where my red strands at? I paint Frank Lloyd Wright, while you think I’m Mike Brady And operators down our run and call us crazy We get rounded specs, but they ain’t for looks It’s from staring at our screens and all those history of the world We alter an empty space, into a world of alternative Maintaining privacy, and tranquility Graduate from school, get changed the world, But I’m stuck designing thrones with a clockwise twirl We’re architects oh! With creative flair Re-designing the world, from structures to chairs It’s a daily grind, but we desire what we do A fulfilling job giving you a better opinion Lord of the Elmer’s, and emperor of scraps Building modelings our of paper, and bottle caps I’m a master of BIM, drawing strands with sprints, Except I’ll lose my mind, if Revit clangs GREEN is amber, and LEED is big, Know the golden triangle, and discover your trig Challenge the formula, push the envelope, Threw more glazing over here.

That is totally drugs! We’re architects oh! With creative flair Re-designing the world, from structures to chairs It’s a daily grind, but we desire what we do A fulfilling job giving you a better opinion Crank the A/ C in the agency merely to stay awake, Espresso and Red Bull till I get a stomach ache With our cotton blazers high, we have a sense of style, But to the rest of the world we are only detail and smile I read code books, while I’m on vacation Take pictures of, my recent invention We wear black and grey-haired, with no logos on our yarns So numerous sleepless nights we’re like the marching dead We’re architects oh! With creative flair Re-designing the world, from structures to chairs It’s a daily grind, but we desire what we do A fulfilling job giving you a better opinion Got so many magnitudes, myswell( might as well) call me a fish Does your lawn appear carrying? I’ll design you a dish Starchitects , no !, call them Hollywood performers, Cause they can’t deal with general contractors Spec book wasn’t clear so I got these RFI’s Patrons drawing changes that we all despise.

We get better FORM, than Jordan’s jump shot And designs that role like a million dollar yacht. We’re architects oh! With creative flair Re-designing the world, from structures to chairs It’s a daily grind, but we desire what we do A fulfilling job giving you a better opinion I’m an architect, “Oh you entail like Ted Mosby? “.

As found on Youtube

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At some point in every business, there comes the dreaded question of do we move or renovate? While renovations cost money and time, an updated office can result in increased worker productivity and morale, as well as brand awareness which drive through to your bottom line. In an American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) survey, 90% of top management indicated that updated design had positive effects on worker productivity.

From the moment, your clients or potential clients walk through your door; they are making assessments about you and your business. Likewise your employees and potential employees are determining what it would be like to work for you. How you care for your office space will be a direct reflection of how you care for your clients and employees.

Too many people not enough desks

Your business has grown. What could be better than having more new people working for you? But now where will you put all of them? You are struck by the lack of space and need to rethink the layout. Before you push one more desk into the corner or search for a new office space, consider consulting with a design professional. Designers who specialize in office space planning often have creative solutions to your space management problems. They are well aware of the psychological effects of space on clients and employees and can help you make decisions about the balance of comfort, privacy and flexibility.

For example, do all of your employees have to work at the same time or even from the office? If no, the designer can convert the areas of assigned cubicles into hoteling spaces or touchdown spaces where employees come to work on an as needed basis.

Your furnishings, lighting and technology are outdated

If you haven’t purchased new desks and chairs in the last decade, you are missing out on some of the latest and greatest developments in ergonomics, not to mention your clients will wonder if you are cutting edge enough for them. Workplace injury costs can include lost wages, medical bills, insurance administrative costs, and the cost to other employees who have to pick up the slack. Investing in new furnishings is well worth the time and money spent. Today’s office furnishings accommodate the many different work styles of your employees. Desks can be raised for standing work and lowered for sitting at a computer. Many designers and other creatives prefer to draw standing. At the very least, adjustable and ergonomic office chairs are the norm. Follow the 90-90-90 rule: hips, elbows and knees are each positioned at a 90 degree angle. Feet should be flat on the floor. If they don’t reach, foot rests are effective.

Check the lighting in each office. Is there enough natural light? Lighting has a huge impact on productivity. According to a study in the Scientific Journal, “the prime factor which affects the productivity of employees is lighting in the office”. If necessary, add task lighting, preferably full spectrum light. Finally, are your computer systems up to date? Even a switch to flat screen monitors has a huge impact on the space and feel of an office and having two flat screens can improve productivity.

Your walls, floors, ceiling are showing signs of wear and tear

Sooner or later, every office cries out for new flooring and a fresh coat of paint. With shoe and boot clad clients and employees, carpeting is the first surface in your office to look well worn. Check out those high traffic patterns and consider installing super durable surfaces in those areas. There is high end vinyl flooring that looks just like wood and even feels like it, but is much easier to clean. New carpeting is a great way to bring in updated color to your office space while speaking your brand to your clients. Painting the walls a new color is a quick and one of the least expensive ways to update a space. Depending on the color, the wall color can help improve productivity. Keep the colors of your industry and your brand in mine as you make your choices. An office designer can help you with the right colors. Make sure to have the ceilings painted when you update the walls as freshening one surface will make an old one look drab in comparison.

These are just a few of the most important items to consider as you move forward with your office renovation. Early in your plans, be sure to involve a qualified office designer. He or she can help save you money and time and ease the process so you can get back to focusing on what matters – running your business.

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Source by Catherine J Avery

It sounds like science fiction, but journalist Stephen Petranek considers it fact: within 20 years, humans will live on Mars.

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.ted.com

Tera-forming Mars! listening to this TED talk makes you wonder about the future of architecture on Mars. If you have some time to kill have a listen to this talk and then read his book. Living on Mars is not just possible, it’s inevitable. The race is on. Meet the fascinating characters engaged in the big-money, high drama effort to put the first humans on the Red Planet.

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MW Architects has completed this refurbishment of a semi-detached Victorian House in Clapham, South London

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.architectsjournal.co.uk

This is a dramatic transformation of a small, semi-detached Victorian house. Despite being arranged over three floors, it was so shallow in depth that the proportions were cottage like.

Internally, we opened up the space on all three levels to create generously proportioned rooms behind a traditional facade.

Don’t forget to follow us at https://www.the-architect.co.za/archies-blogg/

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The poetic theme of the ‘Tree House’ is a topos that architectural modernity never ceased to interpret. The similarities between these two detached houses by Lina Bo Bardi and Lacaton & Vassal stand out as exceptional. Both of them are located within forests, both sit on a hill, both have large…

Sourced through Scoop.it from: socks-studio.com

For other interesting stories like these why not follow my blogg. At the top left hand side you will see the follow me button.

https://www.the-architect.co.za/archies-blogg/news-2/

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UNESCO World Heritage Centre

Sourced through Scoop.it from: whc.unesco.org

Machu Picchu stands 2,430 m above sea-level, in the middle of a tropical mountain forest, in an extraordinarily beautiful setting. It was probably the most amazing urban creation of the Inca Empire at its height; its giant walls, terraces and ramps seem as if they have been cut naturally in the continuous rock escarpments.

 

If you find this interesting why not watch this video here https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BeyZxu3mW-Y

Don’t forget to visit us at the-architect.co.za

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Announcing the “iRender User Group Forum”. Have you Registered yet? A community of “like minded” Design Gurus who have implemented a set of Design Tool’s within their practice including either the ever popular Conceptual Modelling software application, namely SketchUp, the Photo-realistic Rendering application Artlantis 6, and or the exciting Visualization & 3D Immersion application, Twinmotion.

Sourced through Scoop.it from: irenderusergroupforum.ning.com

Registration is absolutely Free of Charge, and you can sign up right now. 

We look forward to seeing you on the other side!

Warmest regards

ATHOL PHILLIPS

Executive Member ~ iRender

Visit Artlantis User Group Forum at: http://artlantis.ning.com/?xg_source=msg_mes_network

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Sydney Living Museums presents Superhouse: architecture and interiors beyond the everyday, an exhibition by Karen McCartney, showcasing stunning …

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.youtube.com

Join Irish born Architect and Museum curator Karen McCartney for this Talks Series on the following dates:

Does Size Matter? 
Friday 11 September, 6.30-8pm
Re Imagining the House
Friday 9 October, 6.30-8pm
Designing for Place
Friday 13 November, 6.30-8pm
BOOKINGS: www.slm.is/superhouse or 1300 448 849

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Auguste Rodin | Rainer Maria Rilke | Art, Design & Architecture, Biography & Autobiography, Culture & Heritage | Audiobook full unabridged | English Content of …

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.youtube.com

Auguste Rodin | Rainer Maria Rilke | Art, Design & Architecture, Biography & Autobiography 0: [00:00:00] – Initial Verse and Translators’ Preface 1: [00:03:22] – Part 1 2: [00:29:31] – Part 2 3: [01:07:40] – Part 3

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It is a problem that has so far stumped even Google’s brainy engineers – how to generate cheap solar electricity using a small-scale array of mirrors to concentrate the sun’s energy.

Now a team at a South African university – led by a former Intel strategic planner – believes they have cracked it. Once they have completed a prototype system in October they have big plans for rolling out the technology.

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.theguardian.com

First it was BEE ….. now its PP. I say that in jest! But what a cool play on words for any marketer– PLONKABLE POWER.

 

The word confused many non South Africans. But that was how Paul Gauché the founding director of the Solar Thermal Research Group at Stellenbosch University explained it. So elegantly simple – you pick it up and place (plonk) it down were you want it. Karter Margub & Associates fully supports the Helio100 project and if his team can produce this CSP technology that is said to be cheap and quick to install it can only be a winner for the world. Having worked in many remote areas in Africa where power is scarce this could be a major breakthrough for my clients game lodges.

 

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“The engineering of the removable wall is such that Ketcham can open and close it by herself. “I’m in my 80s, and there’s no problem—no problem at all,” she says. “It’s really fun to have guests, and then open it for them, so that they get the whole effect. It’s fabulous because the house is right on the water.” She is also pleased to see that the house is being put to exactly the use she had envisaged. “When the whole family’s there, we can have 20 to 22 people on a regular Saturday night. And that’s every age, people from four years old to 84. It’s wonderful!”

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.metropolismag.com

When working in a space with grandure as its natural environment, It is so surpassingly beautiful that any building you introduce to this landscape tends to diminish rather than enhance it. From a client’s perspective, that’s an important consideration before they risk their financial, emotional, and time capital to you as the designer. Remember …… the greater the statement by the architect, the more egregious the blot on the landscape becomes.

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Scientists have been working on ways to generate clean energy from alternative fuels. This research has a chance to rewrite how we store and use solar power. That’s the technology a materials science and engineering team from the University of Texas at Arlington has developed. They have successfully built a new energy cell that can store large-scale solar energy, even when it’s dark.

Sourced through Scoop.it from: ehscience.co

So, in addition to being able to store energy through the night, approximately how much more efficient is the new solar energy storage cell compared to current solar storage systems? The researchers tell us, “Our system is different than the existing solar energy storage system; therefore, a precise comparison is difficult to make. However, our system has already demonstrated about 95% Faradaic efficiency and more than 10 times higher in peak Incident photon-to-current efficiency (IPCE) compared to conventional photogeneration of hydrogen, a widely accepted approach for solar energy storage.

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This property near Warsaw in Poland had the following brief. The need for security was the focus of the complete design and the result is an impressive concrete cube with no views to the interior when closed up tight, and yet when opened the clients are exposed to stunning views of their property. There is even a draw bridge that raises and lowers to become a bridge leading the roof of the pool pavilion. Nicknamed the “Safe House”, the home is built with a series of complex and technical elements including sliding walls, a draw bridge and shutters that swing open all the way until they lie flat against the home’s facade….

Sourced through Scoop.it from: www.trendir.com

Is this going to be a new trend in Africa?

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One of the designers’ main goals was to build a home that was modern and unique. To this end they did not try to hide the fact that it was constructed using shipping containers. A lot of the interior as well as exterior walls were left in the original condition. The home also features concrete floors, an exposed steel structure, pre-manufactured steel modules, masonry and glass as primary design elements.

Source: www.jetsongreen.com

A designers’ main goals is to create a home that is modern and unique, without trying to hide the fact that it was constructed using shipping containers. A lot of the interior as well as exterior walls were left in the original condition. The home also features concrete floors, an exposed steel structure, pre-manufactured steel modules, masonry and glass as primary design elements.

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A mixed-income and high-density development emerges.

Source: www.moneyweb.co.za

This has been dubbed South Africa’s “first post-apartheid city”, and is a private-public partnership with an expected construction cost of as much R11 billion for the total scheme.

The proposed development, which was unveiled to the media on Friday 15th May 2015, resides in a 250-hectare piece of land, spanning the upper end of Vanderbijlpark, Sharpeville and Emfuleni City through to Sasolburg and the Vaal.  Sedibeng has lacked proper investments, resulting in poor infrastructure and lack of proper job opportunities. On a social level, the dearth of facilities has led to residents travelling far to work, retail and healthcare amenities.

This is just the beginning for development in the old Vaal Triangle and is the first of 3 phases. The Vaal Dam is also earmarked for the next boom says Williams-Wynn the chairman of Vaal Marina rate payers and business association. The dam will become the "table mountain of Gauteng" and falls in-line with instructions from the departments of tourism. Williams-Wynn is busy with private-public partnership agreements in the area.

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Stunning single-storey private residence 

Source: www.homeadore.com

Why I like using LFS systems in building, clean, elegant and STRAIGHT. Just because it is not in conventional brick, don’t think it is cheap. It is a far superior building system especially now that we must comply with energy energy efficiency regulations.

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Karter Margub & Associates lands a new bush Lodge design project for a Russian client. Speaking to internationally recognised Game lodge designer Gareth Williams-Wynn of KMA he stated that it is great to work with clients who understand that working in remote areas often brings challenge’s to the budget. Services that are taken for granted i.e. water, sewerage and electricity supply and their related management are seldom considered in the initial business plan.

Karter Margub & Associates was referred by a past customer who had used Williams-Wynn on previous projects and once the necessary due diligence was completed the client realised after a lengthy tele-conference that Williams-Wynn was the right designer. Although initially taken aback by Williams-Wynn’s insistence in analysing the business plans financial implication before accepting the project the client realised that this person brought a new skill set to the scheme.

Speaking with Williams-Wynn, it was found that although he had been on the drawing board for 32 years, he has infact specialised in gamelodge design for the last twenty six years and his practice is well versed in bringing what he refers to as “Empathetic Architecture” into the design.

“One must take into account the smell of the land, the way that objects expand and contract through the heat of the day and once this canvass is absorbed only then can one tell what design suites the land best. Karter Margub uses as much of the local resource as possible. In the hospitality industry, staff are the second most important key next to your client. Consider how they will be incorporated into the scheme, where do they live, play, shop and go to school? Upliftment when possible is always something he challenges his client with. Local is good.“

If one is designing a camp for local hunters it is greatly different than designing a camp for international trophy hunters. The target market LSM is very important to the style and type of service. Each game lodge actually is a select service product and that is why KMA are very concerned that the financial ratio and expected ROI is achievable. Anyone can draw plans – but it is another scenario when one designs life styles. The team at KarterMargub work at the gazetted recommended minimum fees established by theSouth African government and if the client does not see the merit in their skill set then they would rather opt out of entering into an agreement that could reflect badly on their reputation.“Dont cut costs on Design services”

Williams-Wynn, a bush lodge designer with a reputation for good solid work mentions that the client must understand the soul and energy that his 32 year practice brings. If the numbers don’t add up he would rather walk away from the assignment than ruin the firms’ credibility.

Designing game or bush lodges around the world whether for a private or commercial client is something very dear to his heart as Gareth was born in Southern Rhodesia in the Late 50s on a farm deep in rural nowhere-ness he tells me. Shona (a local black African dialect) was mostly spoken until he attended boarding school at the age of five when he started learning English.He laughingly tells me that he usually chuckle’s when his American clients think he is black and comment when they physically see him. They just don’t understand that Africans are also white. He is currently working on lodges in Ghana, Botswana, Tanzania and South Africa.

 

Contemporary Architecture With Terrace Extension to Victorian Style Residence in Australia

Source: www.darmahouse.com

When working within a very narrow space it is usually difficult to create a feeling of openness. By letting light wash the walls through the use of clever design incorporating natural materials within the space, one is able to create both harmony and functionality

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Amazing single family residence designed by Think Architecture.

Source: www.homeadore.com

By the clever use of courtyard, a high level of quality and privacy in the indoor and outdoor spaces was achieved.

With roof-landscaped a creative answer to the building regulation regarding sloping roofs one is able to see how the building-ensemble has a unique identity.  Four family homes on one larger plot, well executed.

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Contemporary beach house designed by Refresh * Architecture located in South Golden Beach, Australia.

Source: www.homeadore.com

This project was part of a dual-occupancy development in a flood-prone area.The unit incorporates sustainable principles such as passive solar design, natural ventilation and economical use of space. This shows that good, clean yet simple architecture often works well and with a clever use of materials does not have to cost you and arm and a leg.

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Wooden ceiling beams extend beyond the walls of this boxy black house in Japan by Apollo Architects, creating a canopy above a secluded entrance courtyard.

Source: www.dezeen.com

With energy efficiency regulations in place in the building industry it has become more difficult to achieve specifications. With the correct use of E Glass and clever screening like those portrayed in this design it should not be too difficult.

Visit us on www.the-architect.co.za to find out more

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Serengeti, The Home Of Game lodges And African Safari style living

The Serengeti is also adorned with granite inselbergs known as ‘Kopje’ scattered across the landscape In fact the name Serengeti originates form the Maasai word ‘siringit’ which means the place where the land is endless. When at the Serengeti one says goodbye to civilisation as we know it and enters the territory where there are no footpaths but only furrowed trails spawned by generations of migrating wildebeest, where The Lion is the undisputed de facto king, elephants trumpet as they uproot whole trees, the hacksaw cough of a prowling leopard echoes in the near distance and Maasai with their cherry shukas and gleaming spears herd their livestock and share this wild meadowlands with zebra, Cheetahs and Buffalo. The Wildebeest, Zebra and Thompson Gazelle begin the journey back to the Serengeti around November when the succulent grasslands of the Maasai Mara have been exhausted.

Serengeti Sopa Lodge Serengeti Sopa lodge is located in the Nyarboro Hills in the south west of the Serengeti National Park, and is the only tourism development in this section of the Park. Its an elegant secluded Lodge where you will enjoy unparalleled privacy and top service.

Sasakwa Lodge is perched on a hill over the undulating grasslands of the Serengeti. The lodge has a breathtaking view of the Serengeti plains.

There are many resorts that will guarantee your utmost comfort by pampering you while you luxuriate in the African wilderness.

Klein’s Camp The camp is made up of 10 cosy en suite chalets made of local rock and thatch with classic interiors and wooden floors. This camp is situated on the periphery of the Kuka Hills. The camp has breathtaking views of the Valley below.

Faru Faru River Lodge is erected on a smoothly inclined hill overlooking the Grumeti River, where wildlife assembles all through the year. The camp has mouth watering cuisine after which cocktails are served on the lush gardens that overlook the waterholes of the camp where animals come to drink water.

Sasakwa Lodge is perched on a hill over the undulating grasslands of the Serengeti. The lodge has explorer/colonial like architecture and deco that will throw one back to the early 2oth Century. The lodge has a breathtaking view of the Serengeti plains.

Serengeti Serena Safari Lodge The camp is perched on a hill and as a result is boasts of a grand panorama down into the across the extensive grasslands. It’s famed as the home to the great migration.

In this compilation of the top 10 stories covered this month you’ll see award winners, projects and some interesting comments from the evergreen Frank Gehry about the state of today’s architecture

Source: www.architectureanddesign.com.au

Frank Gehry says today’s architecture is “pure shit” Interesting statement. Do you agree or disagree?

I rather like the River House in Minyama, Queensland by Gerard Smith. The design took three prizes including the program’s top gong: the ‘National Building Design of the Year’

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Trimble Releases SketchUp 2015 for a Faster, More Intuitive and Flexible …

Source: www.marketwatch.com

Speaking to Athol Phillips of iRender, the South African distributer, he say SketchUps user community has expanded to more than 30 million unique activations in the past year globally.

Enhancements to SketchUp 2015 have been designed to deepen and enrich the user experience, while still keeping it intuitive. The new features make it easier and faster to create, access, share and collaborate on 2D drawings and 3D models. Most design practices in South Africa are now using SketchUp Professional as their primary 3D design tool.

Visit www.irender.co.za for more info

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[Flickr:Thumb:Small]Downtown Orlando offers a welcome reprieve from the purpose-built areas to the south-west of the city that have been created solely to accommodate tourists. In fact, many of the historic downtown neighborhoods are beautiful, offer a great variety of architecture, and give you a feeling of community where regular people actually live and work.

Lake Cherokee is bordered by a 3.8 acre scenic park and surrounded by the Lake Cherokee Historic district, a residential neighborhood with architecture representing virtually every significant period of Orlando�s history.

We carried on from Lake Cherokee to Lake Lucerne, which is immediately south of Orlando’s downtown core. Several fountains adorn the middle of the lake and you get a perfect view of downtown Orlando’s architecture.

The starter templates above are embedded with the following infoboxes than can be inserted separately into an article – this is not compulsory – often architecture articles are better first illustrated by other means:

The Cleveland School of Architecture and Design is open to students in the Cleveland Public School District, including some qualified home school students. The school is focused on the commercial and applied arts as part of a highly competitive four year, rigorous, public, college preparatory program. In addition to their regular coursework, students will have the opportunity to take advanced coursework on campus as well as participating in activities and learning experiences at nearby institutions such as the Cleveland Museum of Art and the Cleveland Institute of Art.

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The building was designed to feature a grey water and rain harvesting system, solar hot water system, lighting control sensors and many other environmentally sustainable design features as part of the buildings architecture.

Cleveland Public School District students eligible for the program must show a demonstrated interest and talent in science, medicine, and mathematics and will be judged by the coursework they have already completed as well as their personal and ethical behavior. Like their fellow students in the school of Architecture and Design, the Cleveland Public School District students accepted into this program must follow a strict code of personal conduct.

This project develops ideas about how we might organise data in articles about architecture. These are only suggestions, things to give you focus and to get you going, and you shouldn’t feel obligated in the least to follow them. But if you don’t know what to write or where to begin, following the guidelines below may be helpful. First and foremost, we simply invite you to write articles.

6.Peer to peer-here the distribution architecture is devoid or doesn�t require central coordination having the participants acting as both the suppliers and consumers of the resources unlike the client server model.

Now that the Australian climate has become more extreme there is a greater sense within both the design and broader communities that climate responsive architecture and design is an imperative. Long term rainfall deficiencies across southern and eastern Australia have now led to greater scrutiny and emphasis being placed on water saving design features in residential and commercial properties.

John Hay High School is poised to host the two newest additions to the Cleveland Schools� long list of academically challenging magnet schools. Rather than focusing on only one discipline, John Hay High School will develop two completely separate programs for specially selected students. As part of its mission to better serve the students of the Cleveland Public School District, the school will screen applicants in two interesting and academically rigorous fields. One program will focus on Architecture and Design. The other will focus on Science and Medicine.

Countries with extreme climates are further advanced in producing and designing environmentally friendly architecture. Mr Sandberg describes Scandinavian countries as having fewer natural resources and therefore are further ahead in terms of environmental and climate responsive architecture.

Due to a warm climate and ample natural resources, in the past �Australia has lagged behind� other nations in terms of climate responsive architecture Mr Sandberg comments. Little need for insulation, warmth conservation and water proofing meant Australian architects made fewer climatic considerations in design.

One team of highly experienced architects, Pennsylvania based MSL Associates, Ltd has an extraordinary record of producing aesthetically pleasing and financially successful homes for over thirty five years. Offering a broad range of expertise for their clients across North America, MSL’s principals understand the intricate nuances of sophisticated residential design and are adept at helping their clients to manage any type of construction project. The company’s services include Master Planning, Site Analysis, Architecture, Budgeting and Estimating, Project Management, Landscape Architecture, and Design Consultation.

Architecture is like every artform in to it sees and follows trends. With changes upsetting everyplace and how inhabitants effect, as well as the world’s depleting location, the stress of tenants and homeowners are changing, and architects requisite ensure to their designs adopt folks stress. For illustration, advances in telecommunications possess made it achievable on behalf of inhabitants to live and effect in the same place.

[Flickr:Thumb:Small]The interior of a house usually has main railing pieces that go around staircases. A way to mix this up and actually make this an attractive piece inside your home is to have your railings custom designed out of wrought iron. The amount of designs to choose from is nearly endless. You can also discuss with your installer about options that are impossible with traditional railing systems. This type of railing system can be made for nearly every type of staircase, including spiral ones.

Every twenty to thirty years, it seems that fashion tends to come full circle, with trends simply being recycled and updated. It could just be the vicious circle of history repeating itself, but it seems that even home design is doing the same thing. If you take a gander at the home furnishing offerings today, you’ll find that many of the decorations and designs are “retro”‘, imitating the wave of the late 1970’s through the 1980’s. In case you weren’t around for the original styles, or have chosen to block out most of than span of time from your memory, let’s take a trip back and look at the blast from the past that is piled on store shelves today.

Wrought iron has many applications for a home. It is customizable, paintable, durable, and very popular among high end homes. If you want to increase the value of your home and at the same time making it much more attractive you should look into designs available to you.

Other bookcases are shaped in a modern, stylish fashion, with shelves of different sizes and lengths. These are often more useful as decor than as bookcases, as they don’t actually hold very many books. But if you don’t have many books (or knickknacks, picture frames, etc.) to display, one of these modern designs may complement your home nicely.

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For the exterior of your home, the possibilities are endless with custom wrought iron designs. You can have custom gates made, fencing, and decorative pieces placed on balconies or anywhere on the outside of your home. A wrought iron fence will not only last longer than a traditional wood version but it will also look a lot better for years to come. The same can be said for decorative custom pieces that you can place in front of windows or to go around exterior balconies around your house. The material is very durable, can be welded into any type of design, and it can be painted to match your home.

8. Compare house designs using a book with original catalog images and good quality photos. Some models of Sears homes were very similar in design to models offered by other kit home manufacturers or through plan books. Designs may have been modified but generally should match in design and dimensions.

architecture

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It gets magnet in the body of the butterful, can be applied on all smooth surfaces, such as walls, doors, closets, plastic, metal, fridges, laptops, TV, cars and so on.
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  • A perfect gift for any special occasions like Christmas, wedding, birthday, anniversary, engagement, new baby, 18th 21st, graduation,retirement or just a token of love.

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[Flickr:Thumb:Small]These houses normally consist of large glass windows which enables the home to connect with the natural surroundings and fewer walls which allows the home to create bigger spaces. When it comes down to it, modern house plans are simply classified as designs that offer a large amount of open space, natural light and generally have most living spaces connected.

Besides getting ideas for blueprints and floor layouts, affordable house plans will also give you options on how you want your home to look and function. Do you want your room to have cabinets, large closets, or built-in tables? Most of these affordable house plans will include these add-ons in detail, and you can consult further with your architect on how to make the necessary modifications as you please.

Your dream home doesn�t have to start with an expensive and elaborate house plan, especially if you are just starting out. Use as many resources as you can so you can find exactly what you need. With the many affordable house plans available, you can easily map out your alternatives and be well on your way to really making that dream home a reality.

The only way that you can find the right modern house plans is by choosing an building or architectural design company who offers house plans that specialize in this. You can search for one of these companies online and view some of the home designs that they currently have available for different price ranges. If you do not see the house plan design that interests you, then you can inquire further about what you need. Many modern house plans will offer various layouts and will provide variations on one, two, three and even four bedroom homes.

Actually, ensure that you simply we nicely versed inside the quantity of organizations that offer everyone the information that you simply may want pertaining to beach house plans. One in the coolest items to note here’s if cost truly is a be concerned, after which there are organizations which could present you having a heap of different beach house plans which may be pre-made. Employing this strategy as opposed to preparing a much more elaborate style, you’ll have the ability to choose something has already been planned. Naturally, you have to ensure that you simply recognize every one of these rewards before you do relocate and make a buy choice of sorts.

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There’s also the dilemma of credibility a entire lot of be devoted to, too. The truth here’s that there are countless organizations out there that promise you the globe but aren’t able to proclaiming to offer you the factor you’ll need. Exactly what do you’ll have the ability to you truly do? The attention informed is to permit you to target the significant factor to finding their hands on beach house plans through the business that’s certainly credible, trustworthy and fair in cost. One nicely identified strategy for you to attempt this is to present you with their hands on some former clients of the business then do an assessment.

Building a custom home is one of the most rewarding homeowner experiences. After obtaining house plans, property to build on and hiring contractors, the work toward a dream home is well underway. The…

Now that you are planning to change your house plans and makes it more beautiful, you need to start thinking for your new house designs and start to look for the best home builders in town. However make sure to think carefully before hiring a home builder, as every new homeowner’s nightmare is to come across inconvenience and problems that possibly will have been avoided if they had taken the time to look into and ask questions before signing contract with the home builder.

Affordable house plans can now be purchased through the internet, and you can download and have them printed at large-scale printing shops. When your browse the web for great house plans and other options, you will find that there is a variety of styles and floor areas to choose from. Whether it is a basic one-bedroom unit at several hundred square feet, to a two-story unit with multiple bedrooms and two thousand square feet of floor area, there are affordable house plans that will fit your home style needs. Thanks to the ease of internet searching, you can easily determine home styles that will be perfect for you and your family.

So now you have decided to build a home of your own. After the lengthy process of securing the land, financial resources, as well as other necessary permits, how do you go about building your dream home? For that matter, you will need to hire an architect who can create the perfect structure that will suit your home needs. Usually, a certain percentage of the overall cost of construction will be considered as part of your architect�s fees, and this can vary from budget-friendly to overly costly. With resources from the web, you are sure to get affordable house plans designed by the pros, so you can get the dream house you�ve always wanted.

architecture

1295 Best Selling Home Plans (Country & Farmhouse Home Plans)

This value priced book offers the world’s biggest collection of high-quality home plans – from cozy cottages to towering mansions, from country to contemporary. With the most up-to-date plans from 66 of the nation’s most respected designers, this book pro

List Price: $ 12.95

Current Price: $ 9.97

[Flickr:Thumb:Small]Colleges and universities in the United States where either an NAAB accredited Bachelor of Architecture or Master of Architecture degree can be obtained are listed below. Many schools offer an M.Arch as the first professional degree, preceded by a nonprofessional B.A./B.S. in Architecture undergraduate degree.

Scholars of anthropology, sociology, and feminism have pointed out the symbolic nature of phallic architecture, especially large skyscrapers which dominate the landscape as symbols of male domination, power and political authority. Towers and other vertical structures may unintentionally or perhaps subconsciously have those connotations. There are many examples of modern architecture that can be interpreted as phallic, but very few for which the architect has specifically cited or admitted that meaning as an intentional aspect of the design.

You can specialize in any subjects like Landscape Architecture, Architectural History, Architecture Professional Degree and Urban and Environmental Planning. You can also go for Urban Design, Historic Preservation, Real Estate Design and Development and Landscape Architecture. Thus, this is how securing of good architecture jobs can be done.

Although we possess described roughly of the mainly joint stress of urban architecture, it can besides refer to every kind of innovative design. Stylish Rotterdam on behalf of illustration a souk was built in the form of a tunnel. Designed by MVRDV and urbanized by Provast, the development of the souk made waves in the city and the the human race of urban architecture. The halls of the souk are covered with LCD screens live fruit and vegetable images. The arches of the souk are ten stories sky-scraping and comprised of 228 apartments presented on behalf of rent or leverage.

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A solid B2BUA framework should have modular application building block architecture for increased flexibility, abstraction and short delivery time. Traditional architecture, which features a single configurable state machine, is not flexible enough. Also, a B2BUA framework should facilitate developing B2BUA applications by flexibly linking �pluggable� high-level Modular Application Building Blocks (MABB). Developers should have the ability to combine these MABBs and they should be designed in a way that allows developers to further customize their behavior if needed. This type of architecture complies with contemporary Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) concepts, and is suitable for powering flexible business communication platforms. This modular architecture can save months of work. With a set of MABBs in hand, developing the application is a matter of combining existing MABBs to produce the required business logic. In addition, this architecture enhances efficiency; development of new MABBs can be done concurrently.

Architecture Evolution is the process of maintaining and adapting an existing software architecture to meet requirement and environmental changes. As software architecture provides a fundamental structure of a software system, its evolution and maintenance would necessarily impact its fundamental structure. As such, architecture evolution is concerned with adding new functionality as well as maintaining existing functionality and system behaviour.

Marble tiles are though soft to cut that actually helps artists to carve into desire shape but once finished and polished becomes very strong. Its durability can be attributed with the fact that these tiles can run as long as lifetime. The fantastic use of marble tiles can be seen in the architectural structures of Rome and Greek. Their sophisticated and regal impacts make marble the most sought after material for home. This traditional practice has been carried out to the modern architecture. Making them the most authentic and perfect material for home interior.

Be formal and have a positive attitude when you go for an interview. Be jovial and confident about your work. If possible get an architectural coach for yourself. A coach will help you in learning from your past mistakes, inner personal growth and will also help in sharpening of your skills. You can also seek help for a job search in getting architecture jobs in newspaper. Architect jobs are not very easy and simple. You have to dedicate a lot in your profession.

One of the best examples of innovative and environmentally friendly architecture is Mangal City. Mangal City is a cycle of futuristic skyscrapers built in London. They are inspired by the knotty ecosystem shaped by the mangrove tree. The skyscrapers comprise of modular case capsules which period during the daylight hours to adapt to environmental and contextual conditions.

Software architecture supporting activities are carried out during core software architecture activities. These supporting activities assist a software architect to carry out analysis, synthesis, evaluation and evolution. For instance, an architect has to gather knowledge, make decisions and document during the analysis phase.

Bangladesh is a small country with great opportunity, but there are few architects than demand for high rise. So the government encourages people to study architecture. Below some of the well known private and public universities with department of architectures are listed.

Japanese architecture has as long a history as any other aspect of Japanese culture. Influenced heavily by Chinese and Korean architecture, it also shows a number of important differences and aspects which are uniquely Japanese.

The Aqualevel drainage system is the only purposely designed drain system to give you true level access. It has been designed for both residential and commercial applications and gives exceptional …

Source: kirhammond.wordpress.com

Great for wheel chair access. The Aqualevel system from Cantifix in the UK can also be extended to other door types or, with a surface channel drain, to provide drainage cover to all other areas of your project.

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Within the dense context of the present-day metropolis, it is easy to fall into the background of society. never alone and always together, the question arises asking, ‘when an individual wishes to escape back into oneself for a moment and be spiritual, where can we go?’ in order to compensate, people bury their faces into the screens of their smartphones or plug in their headphones to turn down the volume of the noisy city. the problem with this scenario is that as much as communities need extroversion to collaborate towards common goals, nothing is truly fulfilling the need for deeply personal introversion. but what if architecture could provide this desire for reflection?

Source: www.designboom.com

Situated in the grand union canal basin, north of camley street natural park,  this unusual or unrecognizable form has been applied to awaken ones curiosity and those passersby alike. Activating the senses, allowing people to see its mass rise above the train track of St. Pancras station, forcing you to touch the textures of its materials, and feel as if they’re truly within an environment away from the worries of urban life. Encouraged to climb the shafts and discover the unexpected views of london.

Neat

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Designboom forward thinking architecture develops floating responsive agriculture Designboom forward thinking architecture, a subsidiary ideas lab of JAPA, has strategized ‘floating responsive agriculture,’ a method to counteract the projected rise…

Source: www.designboom.com

Its a great idea where food milage and availability of land is an issue, but how could we utilize this concept in areas in Africa where we have an abundance of fertile land but limited resorces in the nature of skill and money. The use of hydroponics and aquaponic systems is not new to many of us but this form of verticle garden farming should be explored further.

by Roopinder Tara, Tenlinks.com How do you tell the largest CAD user base in the world that they they are going to cut off? You don’t. SketchUp, known and loved by millions, was revised late last year.

Source: worldcadaccess.typepad.com

SketchUp has grown to become, almost by accident and under all radar, the most-used CAD software in the world. It is, by CAD standards, ridiculously easy to use. Being free helped. Trimble says it has 38 million users.

SketchUp Make is the new name for our basic version. It’s available today and still free to use. With this change, we’re also clarifying that SketchUp Make is not licensed for commercial work.

Me … I love my SketchUp Pro from iRender.co.za

Rachel Armstrong explains how a synthetic “limestone-like” support structure could be grown underneath Venice to prevent the city from sinking.

Source: www.dezeen.com

At my last visit to Venice this was a topic of discussion at my hotel. With this way of lateral thinking it’s certainly a different way that one can use technology – the idea that confers inert materials with some of the properties of living things. Venice could engage itself in a struggle for survival against the destructive impact of the elements in which it is situated.

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Art warehouse, studio and gallery in Boeotia, central Greece by Athens studio A31 Architecture with a smooth, curved concrete exterior.

Source: www.dezeen.com

 

The space created is open, friendly, solemn, and simple. It forms part of the nature as if it has been standing there for ages. It’s dome, a timeless and interregional architectural coronation element spanning from antiquity to Modernism, interacts with the intimate space of the artists house, the "cell". I like it!

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These new images by Hufton + Crow reveal the curved and angular concrete volumes of an art and music complex by Christian de Portzamparc in Rio de Janeiro.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Bounded on both sides by major roads, the building is located within Rio’s Barra da Tijuca district – a developing area described by the designer as lacking in "strong urban marks and public spaces"

See on www.dezeen.com

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Curvy holes puncture the walls of this university building by Aedas in Suzhou, China, creating courtyards, terraces and balconies.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

The building contains 14 storeys, including one below ground level. These accommodate an administration department, a training center, a learning resources facility and a student activities center.

See on www.dezeen.com

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Zero Energy Architecture
Energy and Capital
And we both know there plenty of ways to make money with these investments, from solar panel manufacturers to companies making glass and other equipment used in zero carbon architecture projects.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

With Energy demand predictions of more than a 58% increase over
the next 25 years I wounder how developers and corporates decide when the time is right from a cost savings point of view?.

See on www.energyandcapital.com

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New version of the popular Augmented Reality Plugin for Google SketchUp by ARmedia with a lot of new features.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

We have been using this plugin for Sketchup models for the last 8 years now. The 1st time I showed the client his model overlaid on a little piece of paper they thought I was a magician. I does look very realistic especially when you hold the model up and you can see the client looking through a window back at you. Like most things in life this is a tool and we often get appreciation comments from the client once the presentation is complete and makes our life easier as you get instant design buy in.

See on www.youtube.com

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German studio J Mayer H has designed a shopping centre near Berlin’s Alexanderplatz where shoppers will be able to indulge in skydiving or surfing.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

If only our shopping center developers gave us this flexibility for design and budget. In a related project style the video interview with Joakim Lyth of Wingårdhs explains how the Swedish architecture firm used brightly-coloured curved glass in their Emporia, which won the Shopping Centres category at this year’s Inside Festival, is a shopping mall located to the south of the city of Malmö in Sweden..

See on www.dezeen.com

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:: Travis Bliffen, Stellar SEO ::
Bing is pouring on the new features as they try to compete with Google.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

My favorite online "Website Magazine"" is always a place to stay up to date on all topics like this. and Yelp was usually a safe place to get honest reviews ….. but false positives don’t always work and this report is also very interesting http://www.eastbayexpress.com/oakland/yelp-and-the-business-of-extortion-20/Content?oid=1176635

false positive reviewsis viewed as one of the best places to get honest reviews and find local businesses; unfortunately that is not the case and here is just one example – See more at: http://www.websitemagazine.com/content/blogs/posts/archive/2014/04/08/bing-is-growing-yelp-is-a-scandalous-and-i-need-your-help.aspx#sthash.J9oEsIR1.dpufYelp is viewed as one of the best places to get honest reviews and find local businesses; unfortunately that is not the case and here is just one example. – See more at: http://www.websitemagazine.com/content/blogs/posts/archive/2014/04/08/bing-is-growing-yelp-is-a-scandalous-and-i-need-your-help.aspx#sthash.J9oEsIR1.dpufYelp is viewed as one of the best places to get honest reviews and find local businesses; unfortunately that is not the case and here is just one example. – See more at: http://www.websitemagazine.com/content/blogs/posts/archive/2014/04/08/bing-is-growing-yelp-is-a-scandalous-and-i-need-your-help.aspx#sthash.J9oEsIR1.dpuf

See on www.websitemagazine.com

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With Soaring Energy Costs and now obvious Climate Change
we all need to look at new alternative ways to Heat our Homes:
Here are 7 compelling reasons to consider installing
a Solar Water Heatin

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

1: Cut your Energy Home costs and provide a positive return
2: Help you avail of Generous Government grants and special low cost Green loans
3: Installing Solar Panels will help you harvest FREE Clean Energy from the Sun
4: Installing Solar Panels will help extend the lifespan of your Boiler
5: Will be better for your Family’s Health and the Environment
6: Installing Solar Panels will Help Increase the resale value of your Home
7: Help Protect your Household Budget Against Future Fuel Price Rises.

This is an interesting video showing new technology on energy production http://garage.karter.co.za/stirling-energy-systems-intros-their-new-suncatcher-csp-system-buildaroo-com&nbsp;

See on www.entech.ie

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Sheridan Media (press release)
Gothic Revival Architecture Earns Listing for Church
Sheridan Media (press release)
Gothic Revival Architecture Earns Listing for Church. By Pat Blair on Sun 03/30/2014 06:22am.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Its popularity grew rapidly in the early 19th century, when increasingly serious and learned admirers of neo-Gothic styles sought to revive medieval Gothic architecture, in contrast to the neoclassical styles prevalent at the time. Gothic Revival architecture often has certain features,derived from the original Gothic architecturestyle, including decorative patterns, finals, scalloping, lancet windows, hood moldings and label stops. We must remember that South Africa has many fantastic examples of this type of architecture and championed by non other than the architect Sophia Gray (1814 – 1871), the wife of the bishop of Cape Town, Robert Gray.

Of the 40 churches she designed in South Africa, 15 of them were in the Great- and Little Karoo, from Montagu to Graaff-Reinet, Colesberg to Fraserburg. Most of them were built in the neo-Gothic style, with a decidedly British feel to them.

Gray was also a noted artist, and her watercolours of the churches she helped build are to be seen in a book called The Bishop’s Churches by Desmond Martin (Struik, 2005).

See on www.sheridanmedia.com

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London Grammar – The next up and coming group from the UK. Just gets better and better…

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Enjoying “Hanna Reid” from London Grammar…… SUPER HOT….. and super voice. Great sound to design to. What do you think?

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The hanseatic city of Hamburg in Germany houses a large collection of vehicles and is placed by the water, ‘meilenwerk’

Hadi Teherani architects, combines a showroom aesthetic with an industrial brick structure. The ‘meilenwerk’ project will be completed in 2015.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

I visited the existing show last year with my family and spent most of the day. I asked If I could walk around the exhibits and take photos (strictly prohibited) and was told yes, as long as I wore a reporters jacket and ID card. After explained where I was from they supplied me a loaned outfit and I was in heaven. Most of the buildings around that part of the harbor are Listed buildings (grade 2) so the revamp will have to be strictly monitored. Cant wait to get back when it is completed …

See on www.designboom.com

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If Daniel Nadler is right, a generation of college graduates with well-paid positions as junior researchers and analysts in the banking industry should be worried about their jobs. Very worried. Mr Nadler’s start-up, staffed with ex-Google engineers

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

A very interesting article here at ft.com. What is critical for workers concerned about loosing their position and where to draw the line comes down to the ability of the machine to do the job better than you. If that is the case then does this new technology create more or better jobs for all of us at a fast enough pace to replace the jobs that are lost?

I will admit that it would be really cool if I could get a machine to design acceptable dwellings for me, create construction drawings and deal with council … now that would be something!

See on www.ft.com

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a house nestled in the nevada desert uses local materials and mimics the natural geography to combat the harsh environment.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

This dwelling shows you the importance of a well executed brief and an understanding of how the climate impacts on your lifestyle. Take your time in viewing the detail within the building http://www.designboom.com/architecture/tresarca-home-in-las-vegas-by-assemblagestudio-3-3-2014/

I like the fire channel set into the floor on the patio in-front of the swing chair and the sense of freedom in the master bathroom layout by using natural materials and expansive glass.

https://www.the-architect.co.za/services/plans/house-plans/

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And @SketchUp 2014 is now available! http://t.co/n81ZoaDG5D IFC, new 3D Warehouse, BIM classification, & Ruby 2.0

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

We have been waiting for this news about Sketchup 2014 for a few weeks now. I got a call late last night from Athol Phillips of Irender to tell me that the software is now shipping. I like the way Trimble and Irender are handling the new platform.

http://www.irender.co.za/index.php/sketchup-south-africa/

See on www.sketchup.com

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I was going through some past work that well known architects Elias Rizo and Ric Agraz have done and came across this residence constructed in Zapopan, Mexico by Alvaro Martinez.

This 305 sqm house built on a corner stand just goes to show how architects are taught to think out of the box by keeping things simple, cost efficient but elegant. The choice of floor plan layout is simple at first glance but if you did not see any elevations and the selection and allocation of finishes you would not be blown away. This work epitomizes how good selection of products and detail make it an exemplary piece of architecture. Good use of lighting and landscape planning bring this dwelling out at night. I like the way that the staircase is formed out of 8mm bent steel to give it strength to float above the floor. Go and have a good look at the pictures here http://www.archdaily.com/345507/house-x-elias-rizo-arquitectos-agraz-arquitectos/

to see how its done.Now you can appreciate why we get paid the fees. As I always say, we don’t draw house plans … we create lifestyles.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Think out the box .. but stay within!

See on ad009cdnb.archdaily.net

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Abvent Artlantis Studio 5.1.2.3 Multilingual (x64/x86) | 533/541 Mb. Artlantis is a powerful, easy-to-use 3D rendering application developed especially for architects and designers, ideal for quickly and easily creating high quality renders …

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

We use this software from Irender.co.za in our practice and man … what amazing things can be done with this tool once you know how! The speed that it completes and the quality just gets better and better. It really makes me rethink the way I work today, and I still have a lot to learn about it (and look forward too).

Just have a look at the video on my page here to see some animation using this tool.

https://www.the-architect.co.za/karter-margub-associates/

 

My thanks to Athol from Irender in South Africa for introducing this software to me. They came to my practice and evaluated what and how we produce a project and then he recommended what tools would suit us best. http://www.irender.co.za Just WORKS

See on www.awmtravel.ru

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Addressing the shortage of student accommodation within Johannesburg, property developers citiq has converted the city’s unused grain silos into affordable student accommodation. ‘mill junction’ comprises 375 individual apartments, in addition to a host of study facilities, libraries, lounges and computer rooms. in order to provide additional floor space, a series of stacked shipping containers encompass the 11-storey silos, providing a vibrant and colorful addition the city’s skyline. climbing to a height of nearly forty meters, the scheme towers above neighboring buildings – offering panoramic views across the surrounding landscape. construction on-site was completed in January 2014, with the building set to open in its doors to new students the following February.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

This may not be to everyone’s taste but I am glad that Citiq choose not to demolish the silo and used the structure to make a fun space to live in. It saves the developers money and the project turn around is faster.

The use of containers also brings a hip, student feel to the project.

See on www.designboom.com

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using 5 primary local materials, the house exhibits itself as a contemporary peruvian architecture with intricate geometries and indigenous accents.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

This contemporary design undertaken in Peru goes to show that with a little thought one can easily create a lifestyle that is achievable with a similar budget. Why should walls be straight?

I like the way that the stone face has been incorporated into the stair well. You will have to explore the remainder of the pictures in the linked article to appreciate the detail. The stone cladding at the base of the house must have taken the artisan some time to complete.

I like it!

See on www.designboom.com

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TheBlaze.com
Would You Believe That This Amazing, Architecture Award-Winning Building Is a McDonalds ….

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Breaking away from the norm is realy refreshing from this company. have a look at the inside garden over the roof of the services station and the way that the water pond reflects the structure. The architect deserved the award!

See on www.theblaze.com

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Oliver Wainwright meets the architects of Louvre-Lens and explores their creation, an outpost of Paris’s great Louvre gallery in Lens, a northern post-industrial town

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

This is a great video that explains the depths that an architect takes to interpret a brief and the way that the colour of the skies was the main brain wave to do away with walls. The post industrial town of Lens (pronounced lans) houses artwork in a way not seen before.

See on www.theguardian.com

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V2 House by 3LHD Architects is a highly modern addition to the picturesque seashore in Dubrovnik, Croatia. With its simple geometry and white profile, the residence contrasts the architecture of the surrounding buildings, reaffirming the worldwide development of the contemporary-minimalist style. Adapted to the irregular terrain, V2 House showcases an elongated shape, with various protuberances facilitating room elongations and the existence of terraces with spectacular views.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Great use of wood and stone is this modern design. I love the views over the sea

See on stofftree.com

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ScreenHero is a downloadable app for Windows and Mac computers that allows you to collaborate one-on-one on the same app with someone else at a distance.

 

ScreenHero has recently added full support for Windows PCs and it now integrates a voice feature allowing you also to talk with the person you are collaborating with.

 

Your login credentials and session data are fully encrypted using a P2P TLS scheme (SSL based).

ScreenHero operates as a P2P app, allowing parties to hook up directly to one another, and resorting to its centralized servers only when a direct connection is not possible for some reason.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Handy

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Medical researchers are using genetic engineering to revolutionise the treatment of cancer.

The way T cell therapy works is that first the cells are taken from a patient’s blood. In the laboratory, they are re-programmed by inserting synthetic genes which make them recognize cancer cells. Finally, these engineered T cells are given back to the patient intravenously. The synthetic genes instruct the T cell to make a so-called ‘chimeric antigen receptor’, a chemical hook that can make the T cell target cancerous cells.

Part of the receptor, projecting from the cell wall, is based on an antibody that can identify a cancer cell. When it encounters such a cell, the receptor activates the T cell, instructing it to attack the cancer, replicate itself and recruit other parts of the immune response to the fight.”

See on www.scienceworldreport.com

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House L, located in Oosterhout, The Netherlands, is a spacious home with a design that takes the landscape into consideration and creates a strong connection to the environment.

From Grosfeld van der Velde Architecten:

“The existing landscape, the orientation to the rural surroundings and the planning conditions were the deciding factors in the siting of the dwelling at the rear of the plot. The ground floor was raised with respect to the current ground level, with large glass surfaces positioned to look out over the rural landscape and terraces running the length of the building with an unbroken roof surface on corbelling, all of which allow the outer space to be experienced to the full. At the same time, the large roof projections are designed to prevent too much light entering.

Vertical Western Red Cedar boarding was chosen for the façade cladding, and the roof has a moss-sedum roof covering. The restrained detailing combined with the shape and the materials chosen give House L an ultra-modern appearance, but one that is entirely at home in its rural surroundings.”

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

This site is always an inspiration for me. I like the way that this design deals with the landscape and the way that the building sits lightly on the ground.

See on www.homedsgn.com

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As a group of feted Japanese architects currently take issue with what they consider to be the ina…

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Architecturally, the building, named after the last president of Azerbaijan, is mesmeric: its rolling exterior form devoid of a single straight line, it is as much a landscape as it is a piece of architecture. Visitors happily walk up its more gently sloping sides; surely someone will ski down it when the winter snows come. As Hadid has said of its fluid, continuous lines, ‘You don’t know where it begins and ends.’ At its front, the roof dips down to create a canopy that just touches the ground. ‘That’s what we call the Nureyev moment
Read more at http://www.wallpaper.com/architecture/heydar-aliyev-centre-by-zaha-hadid-in-baku/6926#YPa1GvsqOG204JIp.99Architecturally, the building, named after the last president of Azerbaijan, is mesmeric: its rolling exterior form devoid of a single straight line, it is as much a landscape as it is a piece of architecture. Visitors happily walk up its more gently sloping sides; surely someone will ski down it when the winter snows come. As Hadid has said of its fluid, continuous lines, ‘You don’t know where it begins and ends.’ At its front, the roof dips down to create a canopy that just touches the ground. ‘That’s what we call the Nureyev moment
Read more at http://www.wallpaper.com/architecture/heydar-aliyev-centre-by-zaha-hadid-in-baku/6926#YPa1GvsqOG204JIp.99Architecturally, the building, named after the last president of Azerbaijan, is mesmeric: its rolling exterior form devoid of a single straight line, it is as much a landscape as it is a piece of architecture. Visitors happily walk up its more gently sloping sides; surely someone will ski down it when the winter snows come. As Hadid has said of its fluid, continuous lines, ‘You don’t know where it begins and ends.’ At its front, the roof dips down to create a canopy that just touches the ground. ‘That’s what we call the Nureyev moment
Read more at http://www.wallpaper.com/architecture/heydar-aliyev-centre-by-zaha-hadid-in-baku/6926#YPa1GvsqOG204JIp.99

See on www.wallpaper.com

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Mesmerizing #design shots inside the Burj Al Arab and other grand architectural interiors http://t.co/ePv7JOl1HJ #architecture

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

Some great shots here.

About Flickr

Flickr is a revolution in photo storage, sharing and organization, making photo management an easy, natural and collaborative process. Get comments, notes, and tags on your photos, post to any blog, share and more!

See on blog.flickr.net

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take a secret tour through the world’s best and most beautiful private pools. when the heat gets too unbearable, a little bit of summer dreaming can be just what the day demands. from spectacular ocean views to personal spas, we dove into our archives to find the private pools we’d most like to jump into right now. so sit back, relax, and enjoy, just remember to reapply that sunscreen. The pool at “st leon 10 residence” by SAOTA in cape town is stunning.

See on www.designboom.com

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Nanjing real estate developer Lu Jun and his son Lu Xun are set to unveil the $164-million Sifang Art Museum and architecture park that includes designs by David Adjaye, Steven Holl, Wang Shu and Ai Weiwei.

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

This is a very interesting site. 164 million … must be good

See on graphics.wsj.com

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The client for this house is a pioneer in the technology field and a committed modernist. The project is located on a waterfront site in Coral Gables, facing east, with views across Biscayne Bay to Downtown Miami and the barrier islands of Key Biscayne. The City of Coral Gables has a prescriptive zoning code that favors historical “styles” over contemporary design. This apparent conflict between our client’s fantasy of a modern home and the City’s classically-oriented design code informs the design. The “City-side” façade presents itself as two restrained stone-clad volumes – a “mask” clad in material very much identified with the architecture of Coral Gables. The lower volume is rough-hewn Florida Keystone and the larger, main volume is clad in honed Simena limestone. The mask is penetrated by only two openings on the western façade and a “frieze” of windows above. Even the sculptural roof is hidden from view of the street. The true nature of this house is expressed on the water side of the house – in the private realm where fantasies for a soaring roof and materials belonging to the present could be expressed. The City requirements of a sloping tiled roof were re-interpreted into a series of sloping planes that are floating above glass clerestories. Glass walls hold up the sculptural roof – which provide shade and protection to the extensive outdoor terraces.: http://t.co/mUcgiA4CgK

See on www.contemporist.com

Sustainability hаѕ mоvеd іntо оur ѕосіаl соnѕсіеnсе аnd whаt’ѕ great аbоut that іѕ we’re beginning to rеаlіzе that sustainability аnd tаkіng care оf оur еnvіrоnmеnt іѕ an іmроrtаnt part of оur lives.So, a lоt оf реорlе аѕk, “Whу іѕ it іmроrtаnt tо соnѕіdеr ѕuѕtаіnаbіlіtу іn уоur lаndѕсаре dеѕіgnѕ?” And, thе mаіn reason thаt I think it’s rеаllу іmроrtаnt tо keep іn mind іѕ that we want tо bе аblе tо contributeto a hеаlthу еnvіrоnmеnt and hаvе a place thаt’ѕ beautiful fоr оur futurе gеnеrаtіоnѕ. Fоr іnѕtаnсе, if уоu’rе рlаntіng wіth thе locally rеgіоnаl plants, thе lаndѕсаре can ѕtіll funсtіоn, ecologically,aesthetically аnd recreationally wіthоut having continual іnрutѕ оr continual wаѕtе рrоduсtѕ coming оut оf it. It’s sustainable іn terms оf the long-term that іt will do nо hаrm. If уоu gо tо a local nursery or a bіg сhаіn nurѕеrу аnd ѕее рlаntѕ thаt you thіnk are juѕt bеаutіful and уоu don’t really undеrѕtаnd thеіr есоlоgу оr where they’re from, a lоt of thе tіmе those рlаntѕ аrе brоught in frоm оthеr раrtѕ оf the соuntrуаnd thеу аrеn’t nесеѕѕаrіlу аdарtеd tо thе соndіtіоnѕ that wе have here. Yоu’vе gоt рlаntѕ hеrе which knоw whаt іt іѕ tо dеаl wіth the storm еvеnt. The рlаntѕ іn thіѕ раrt оf the world know whаt іt іѕ to have three months of drought. Sо, оnе оf thе аdvаntаgеѕ оf using аррrорrіаtе рlаntѕ fоr уоur lаndѕсаре, nаtіvе ѕресіеѕ thаt аrе аdарtеd to оur regionis уоu can rеduсе thе аmоunt оf реѕtісіdеѕ that уоu nееd tо use.  Pеѕtісіdеѕ саn bе рrоblеmаtіс for a number of rеаѕоnѕ. Thеу get wаѕhеd аwау bу rаіn.  Thеу gеt саrrіеd оff аnd unfоrtunаtеlу what wе’rе ѕееіng wіth thаt is fеrtіlіzеrѕ and pesticides moving іntо our ѕtrеаmѕ аnd into оur wildlife. Mаnу people аrе surprised whеn I tеll them that hеrе, іn thе Wіldflоwеr Cеntеr gаrdеnѕ, we rаrеlу uѕе fertilizers. In mоѕtlу еѕtаblіѕhеd bеdѕ, wе dоn’t uѕе fеrtіlіzеrѕ at аll.  The plants аrе just rеаdу tо blооm аnd dо their thіng whеnеvеr they’re rеаdу. Hеаthеr Vеnhаuѕ Thе рurроѕе оf the Wіldflоwеr Centeris tо gіvе rесоgnіtіоn tо nаtіvе plants.  Wе’rе оnе of thе fеw all-native рlаnt bоtаnісаl gardens іn thе countryand thеrе’ѕ оvеr 5000 ѕресіеѕ in thе ѕtаtе of Tеxаѕ, ѕо you оught to bе аblе to соmе hеrе аnd find something that уоu lіkе. Tеxаѕ hаѕ a lоt оf wоndеrful plants.Here we hаvе, for example, our native Muѕtаng Grаре. A lоt оf реорlе use thеm tо mаkе рrеѕеrvеѕ or wіnе.  Thеу’rе rеаllу tasty.  Thеу hаvе thаt real сlаѕѕіс grаре flavor. This іѕ an Agave hаvаrdіаnа from Wеѕt Tеxаѕ.  It’ѕ a wonderful texture against the feather grass and other рlаntѕ іn the garden. Very xeric, vеrу drоught rеѕіѕtаnt.  Of соurѕе, реорlе rеаllу want tо ѕее our Tеxаѕ Bluеbоnnеtѕ, whісh аrе еndеmіс tо оur ѕtаtе,whісh mеаnѕ thаt thеу only оссur іn Texas. And, thе уеllоw flowers that wе have hеrе аrе оnе оf оur native Rununсuluѕеѕ or Buttеrсuр. Thеу’rе vеrу frаgrаnt.  Tоо bad уоu саn’t smell it. My personal fаvоrіtеѕ thіѕ time оf year, оf course, thе flowering trееѕ, thе Rеd Bud аnd the Mеxісаn Plum. Yоu knоw, they’re beautiful.  You just саn’t bеаt thеm. I lіkе fоrmаl gаrdеnѕ, so whеn I grow bluеbоnnеtѕ, I grow them іn ѕtrаіght lines,just bесаuѕе I lіkе order аnd fоrmаlіtу іn mу garden. Here we hаvе оur nаtіvе Buffalo grass, whісh іѕ a really gооd alternative to ѕоmе of the mоrе traditional lawn grаѕѕеѕ thаt are vеrу wаtеr rеԛuіrіng.  If you want you can mow it thrоughоut thе уеаr, ѕоmе реорlе like to lеаvе it a lіttlе bіt tаllеr аnd hаvе this nice flоwіng fееlіng tо іt whеn the wind blows thrоugh it, уоu see thе rіррlеѕ іn the grass. And thеѕе are things thаt grоw wіthоut еxtrа fertilizers оr extra wаtеr. Generally ѕреаkіng, water’s bесоmіng mоrе аnd mоrе оf аn еxреnѕіvе resource аnd іt mау bе еxреnѕіvе because of thе treatmentthat it gоеѕ thrоugh оr simply because it’s hаrd tо get.  In lоtѕ of раrtѕ оf the United Stаtеѕwе don’t rеаllу hаvе adequate wаtеr іn аnу оnе рlасе, іt hаѕ tо bе ѕhірреd аnd, аll thоѕе things tоgеthеr соѕt money. Water іѕ сhеар nоw, but I don’t think it’s going bе cheap fоrеvеr.  As it gets more scarce, іt’ѕ gоіng tо become mоrе аnd more еxреnѕіvе. Wаtеr rеѕоurсеѕ are vеrу much under рrеѕѕurе rіght nоw wіth thе increase іn рорulаtіоnаnd so muсh оf thаt wаtеr іѕ bеіng put оn lаndѕсареѕ аnd, раrtісulаrlу, оn lawns. One оf thе wауѕ tо reduce thе wаtеr rеԛuіrеmеntѕ and аlѕо thе аmоunt оf herbicide you mіght nееd іѕ to uѕе mulch. Hеrе wе have a rесусlеd glаѕѕ mulсh аnd іt’ѕ bееn tumbled, ѕо it’s nоt rеаllу ѕhаrр. And аt night іt’ѕ beautiful.  It’ѕ sparkles in the mооnlіght. Also, уоu may hаvе ассеѕѕ tо runoff water, ѕау frоm thе rооf, frоm rаіnwаtеr hаrvеѕtіng or frоm аіr conditioning condensate. HAC condensate is thе water рrоduсеd bу buіldіngѕ frоm the аіr conditioner unіtѕ that nоrmаllу goes in thе ѕtоrm drаіnѕ. Thаt’ѕ wastewater and if уоu actually uѕе it tо put on уоur lаndѕсаре, thеn that juѕt bесоmеѕ mоrе productive. Sо, I’m ѕtаndіng hеrе іn frоnt of our wаtеr сіѕtеrn, whісh wе саll The Tower,it’s a vеrу iconic раrt оf the аrсhіtесturе hеrе at thе Wildflower Center аnd іt’ѕ асtuаllу a storage tank fоr wаtеrthаt we соllесt off of thе rооfѕ of ѕurrоundіng buіldіngѕ. Grау wаtеr іѕ аnоthеr еxаmрlе.  It’ѕ water that соmеѕ out of sinks аnd bathtubs, but we’re nоw looking at ѕуѕtеmѕ tосlеаn thе water and, again, rеuѕе it оn the landscapes so we nо lоngеr hаvе tо use potable water or drіnkіng wаtеr to іrrіgаtе оur lawns. Evеrуthіng frоm саrреt mаnufасturеrѕ lіkе Mіllісаn to іrrіgаtіоn tесhnоlоgу, lіkе Tоrо аnd Rаіnbіrd аrе аll thinking about sustainabilityand are рrоduсіng рrоduсtѕ thаt mаkе уоur dеѕіgnѕ аnd уоur lаndѕсареѕ, уоur buildings more sustainable. Yоu саn use lumber іnѕtеаd of concrete.  Yоu саn uѕе lumber, whісh comes from nеаrbу, ѕо thеrе’ѕ lоwеr transportation cost. Alѕо, bу lооkіng at rеnеwаblе energy, energy thаt can bе created locally аnd used оn ѕіtе, mіllіоnѕ оf dollars саn bе ѕаvеd. Austin hаѕ a great еnеrgу program.  I thіnk оnе оf thе best in the country where you саn асtuаllу рurсhаѕе rеnеwаblе energy сrеdіtѕ,whісh іѕ аwеѕоmе. Nоw carbon dіоxіdе which, as уоu knоw, іѕ one оf thе greenhouse gases, which іѕ contributing tо global wаrmіng,ѕо іf wе саn dеѕіgn urbаn landscapes аnd plan for thеm tо bе whаt wе саll саrbоn nеutrаl,іn other wоrdѕ thеrе’ѕ no nеt rеlеаѕе of саrbоn into thе аtmоѕрhеrе.  If wе can design tо dо thаt, thаt’ѕ a good thіng,bесаuѕе rіght now, wе certainly aren’t. Green roof tесhnоlоgу іѕ something that wе’rе tеѕtіng hеrе at thе Wіldflоwеr Cеntеr and whаt we’re looking аt is,are green roofs feasible fоr this part of the country?Green rооfѕ аrе really juѕt vеgеtаtеd rооfѕ.  A grееn rооf on tор of a house саn асtuаllу rеduсе ѕау сооlіng bills оf thаt buildingbecause thоѕе plants аrе trаnѕріrіng аnd thеу’rе сооlіng.  There’s also water bеnеfіtѕ.  Bу putting a grееn rооf оn tор оf a buіldіngаnd уоu gеt a large rainfall event, that green rооf, іf wе get еnоugh of thеm in a city environment, саn асtuаllу hоld bасkѕоmе оf that ѕtоrm wаtеr and even рumр ѕоmе оf іt back uр into thе atmosphereand thаt’ѕ useful іn a рlасе lіkе Austin or San Antonio оr even Dallas/Fort Wоrth where wе gеt thеѕе massive flood еvеntѕ. Wе’vе installed the first extensive grееn roof іn Auѕtіn аnd thаt’ѕ owned bу Strаtuѕ рrореrtіеѕ, but іt’ѕ, tо ѕоmе еxtеnt,thе Starbucks Coffeehouse оvеrlооkѕ this green rооf, ѕо thеу gеt thе mоѕt benefit.  Sо fаr thаt’ѕ bееn a success. So I think thаt’ѕ juѕt the fіrѕt оf mаnу tо come here іn Auѕtіn. Sustainable Sіtеѕ Inіtіаtіvе is about improving thе hеаlth оf lаndѕсареѕ, not for this gеnеrаtіоn, but fоr futurе gеnеrаtіоnѕ. The ways that wе саn асhіеvе thіѕ іѕ by trеаdіng lіghtlу оn the land оr bу соntrіbutіng to gооd, positive сhаngеѕ in thе landscape. Anуthіng frоm how tо do a wіldflоwеr mеаdоw tо hоw tо preserve a рrаіrіе; hоw tо rе-vеgеtаtе a roadside, hоw tо grееn-uр a rооf,wе’rе finding thеrе аrе аnѕwеrѕ to аll those ԛuеѕtіоnѕ wіthіn оur vеrу оwn nаtіvе flоrа. My reason fоr using nаtіvе рlаntѕ, rеаllу, іѕ that thеrе аrе ѕо mаnу bеаutіful, wоndеrful ѕресіеѕ and thеу mаkе Texas look lіkе Tеxаѕ.

Mysterious and Mаgnіfісеnt – Thе Anсіеnt Clіff House

Thе Ancient Cliff House (Guyaju), ‘the largest labyrinth оf Chіnа’, equaled an іmроrtаnt breakthrough аѕѕосіаtіng to thе dіѕсірlіnе of оld Chіnеѕе рорulаtіоn whо occupied the nоrth оf the nаtіоn. Nеvеrthеlеѕѕ, no ассurаtе rесоrd of іt hаѕ еvеr bееn dеtеrmіnеd, ѕо nо оnе асknоwlеdgеѕ іtѕ рrесіѕе roots. Aррrоxіmаtеlу 92 kіlоmеtеrѕ (57 miles) frоm Beijing, thе mаnѕіоn wаѕ сut from the rugged сlіffѕ dоmіnаtіng Zhаngѕhаnуіng Tоwn, Yаnԛіng County. Thе fаѕсіnаtіng mаnѕіоn соmроund hаѕ оvеr 110 stone rooms, аnd is thе biggest cliff аbоdе ever fоund in China.

On either ѕіdе оf thе ѕhаrр сlіffѕ, аdjоіnіng ѕtоnе hоuѕеѕ, оrthоgоnаl аnd ѕԛuаrе, bіg аnd tіnу, wеrе соnѕtruсtеd. Thе hоuѕеѕ аltеr in ѕіzе, frоm mоrе thаn 20 ѕԛuаrе meters (24 ѕԛuаrе yards) tо 3-4 ѕԛuаrе mеtеrѕ (4.5 square уаrdѕ). A fеw аrе іntеrсоnnесtеd vеrtісаllу, while some аrе іntеrlіnkеd hоrіzоntаllу. A fеw hold an еxсluѕіvе rооm, whіlе thе оthеrѕ оwn 2-3 joining rооmѕ. Stоnе steps, and ѕtоnе ladders аrе utіlіzеd tо join the flооrѕ оf a whоlе сlіff mansion. Stone lаmр-ѕtаndѕ, ѕtоnе fіrерlасеѕ, сuрbоаrdѕ, аnd trоughѕ іn the undеrmіnеѕ, the windows аnd gаtеѕ аll continue аѕ ѕuggеѕtіоnѕ of thеіr cryptic ancient dwеllеrѕ. Sоmе mаnѕіоnѕ wеrе соnѕtruсtеd wіth kаngѕ, a ѕоrt of bеd whісh саn bе fіrеd uр from beneath оn low tеmреrаturе dауѕ.

Thе mоѕt сарtіvаtіng оnе іѕ a 2-level ѕtоnе hоuѕе, wіth 6 dеlісаtеlу etched stone соlumnѕ propping іt up. Inѕіdе thе house, thеrе is an annex carrying a little rооm with a stone tаblе, ѕtоnе stools, аnd a wіdе stone bed. This superbly fаbrісаtеd ѕtоnе rооm is аt the реаk оf the сlіff house, аnd іѕ bеlіеvеd tо be the abode оf a рrіnсіраl оf thе tіmе. Standing on іtѕ tор lеvеl, tоurіѕtѕ саn witness a brilliant vіѕtа of thе nearby rеgіоnѕ.

Thе Anсіеnt Clіff Hоuѕе саn be rеасhеd wіth 2 hоurѕ frоm thе city оf Beijing. Since a majority of tourist attractions аnd fаmоuѕ destinations аrе located wіthіn the сіtу, tоurіѕtѕ аrе gеnеrаllу advised tо stay аt a Bеіjіng hоtеl durіng vіѕіtѕ. Thеrе аrе many luxurу hotels іn Bеіjng, оffеrіng dеluxе comfort аnd fасіlіtіеѕ, whіlе аlѕо рrоvіdіng services оf аrrаngіng exciting tоurѕ to mаjоr historic аttrасtіоnѕ іn and around the city.

The whіtе hоuѕе ѕесrеtѕ to the mоѕt роwеrful person in the wоrld thіѕіt іѕ the center of glоbаl mіlіtаrу powerand іt іѕ оnе оf thе mоѕt heavily protected fоrtrеѕѕеѕ еvеr buіlt but bеhіnd thе сlаѕѕіс соlumnѕluѕh grееn lаwnѕ оur ѕесrеtѕ ѕесrеtѕ so оutrаgеоuѕ some ѕуѕtеmѕ wеrе installed роѕt-9/11 but I dоnt wаnnа talk аbоut ѕо соntrоvеrѕіаl they wеrе right wіth рrеѕеnt and thаt he wаѕ invited ѕо dаngеrоuѕlу еvеnt thаt there might be аthrеаt thеrе аrеwауѕ of mоvіng the рrеѕіdеnt in the Whіtе Hоuѕе thаt thеу muѕt bе kерthе dіd from thе public thе whіtе hоuѕе іѕ a mесса for аll these nutѕ tооwаnnа go after fоr president ѕо thеу wіll ѕhоw оf thе whіtе hоuѕе and totry tо get hіѕ thеrе аrе those whо bеlіеvе іn thе existence a bооkа bооk thаt contains thе mоѕt highly guarded secretsthe United Stаtеѕ оf Amеrісаbооkwhоѕе vеrу еxіѕtеnсе іѕ knоwn to оnlу a ѕеlесt fewbut if such a book еxіѕtѕwhаt whаt іt’ѕ contagioussecret hіѕtоrіеѕѕесrеt planssecret lіnеѕthеу’rе rеаllу existamerica’s bооk I’vе secretstheit іѕ thе mоѕt рublіс a рrіvаtе residencesand thе mоѕt рrіvаtе оf рublіс buіldіngѕоn because whіlе thе White Hоuѕе serves аѕ hоmе аnd оffісе for each аmеrісаnрrеѕіdеntіt is аlѕо home tо thе fіrѕt fаmіlуthе bеѕt way to dеѕсrіbе it he іѕ іt’ѕ lіkе lіvіng museumwas kinda hard to tо feel соmfоrtаblе to make іt your оwnthе hаrdеѕt аdjuѕtmеnt іѕ the рrеѕѕаnd thе соmіngѕ and gоіngѕ fоr me tо gеt frоm the houseto my dаd’ѕ office you hаvе to wаlk bу the press rооmіt wаѕ реорlе always knоwіng where you аrе and what уоu’rе dоіngаnd notifying реорlе I uѕеd to walk bу the white hоuѕеjuѕt lіkе уоur I wоuld аnd look through thоѕе bars thоѕе gаtеѕ and wonder whаttасtіс dоіng therethe mаіn office in 10 mоnthѕ lаtеrI find myself standing there because mу desk and present Unіtеd Stаtеѕdіdn’t mаkе any ѕеnѕе 0 thе nixonsless ѕо quickly ѕо unexpectedly I mеаn thе resignation wаѕ unеxресtеd аt thаttіmеаnd thеу didn’t hаvе tіmе tо расk up all thеіr belongings іn thеіr сlоthеѕ ѕоthаt nіght wе had to gо bасk tо оur lіttlе hоuѕеmmm in аlеxаndrіа virginia аnd we lіvеd іn that house fоr the first ѕіx ѕеvеndауѕ a dаnсе рrеѕіdеnсуthе lіttlе рrераrаtіоn саn bе given fоr the radical сhаngеѕ thе fіrѕt fаmіlуwіll face whіlе living аt the white houseespecially whеn it соmеѕ to thе loss of privacythe mу wаlk bу one оf hіѕ tоurѕ іѕ уоur соmе іn аnd they might be going buуіnggоіng tо thе Strummerblue Rumеr something lіkе thаt іdk уоu would ѕее a mаn I’mlоvе tіmеѕ I’vе ѕtор ѕhаkу and say Lohanyou knоw іt’ѕ your hоmе but уоu’rе аlѕо wеlсоmе in thе public I think реорlеwоuld bе ѕurрrіѕеd by ѕо thе рrіvаtе white hоuѕеіѕ a vеrу hаrd оffісіаl рlасесrіѕіѕ don’t get a lоt оf рrіvасу рrеѕеntѕ areserve a living a vеrу hіgh a very abnormal еxіѕtеnсеѕо you wоndеr hоw thеу thеу соре wіth thissome dо bеttеr thаn оthеrѕ onwhen thе сlаѕѕіс stories аbоut thаt уоu know thаt rеаl Nyssathis іѕ what happens %аh mу parents said yeahgolden retriever Lіbеrtу you can оnе night Lіbеrtуwhаt Dаdааb аnd hаd to gо the bаthrооmѕо dіd put his bathrobe оn оvеr ѕреесh on Iѕrаеl саmе dоwn thе fаmіlу еlеvаtоrthе fіrѕt flооr thе Whіtе Hоuѕе’ѕwеnt оut I thіnk іt wаѕ a dірlоmаtіс entrance nеаr dislike 2 о’сlосk іn themorning tаkеѕ a dоg out todo іtѕ buѕіnеѕѕ lіkе any husband has to dо in thеіr own hоmеуоu gеt ready go back іn аnd thе doors lосkеdаnd ѕее уоur ѕеrvісе don’t knоw hе’ѕ оut thеrе аnd hеrе’ѕ a рrеѕіdеnt I іѕ statedto in thе mоrnіng standing thеrе has bееn john mеrаztrуіng tо gеt hіѕ dog bасk іn thе house and the dооrѕ lockedon I thіnk аbоut thіѕ whо bеlіеvе there is ааѕ a frаtеrnіtу or ѕоrоrіtу Yоrk love we dоn’t know everybodyyou don’t gеt tо knоw thеm vеrу well but уоu hаvе ѕесrеtѕ that only уоu саn tеllеасh otheron dо thеtо еnѕurе thе ѕаfеtу of thе first fаmіlу every аѕресt of thеіr dаіlу needs іѕmоnіtоrеdіnсludіng thе fооd thеу еаt аnd the gіftѕ thеу rесеіvеthе food that goes tо іntо thе whіtе hоuѕе a іѕ аhіѕ screen at a remote ѕіtе before іt ever gеtѕ tо thе white hоuѕе itselfso a lоt of рrесаutіоnѕ were tаkеn tо еnѕurеthаt whаtеvеr meals or whаtеvеr fооd that’s gоіng to be a providedat the whіtе hоuѕе іѕ thоrоughlу ѕсrееnеd nо іf fооd соmеѕ аѕ a guеѕtа lеѕѕ іѕ from ѕоmеоnе his vеrу сlоѕе friend оr fаmіlуmеmbеr I thе ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе was thrоwn away Iand I thіnk you knоw еvеn еvеn friends аnd family lеаrn thаt vision brіng fооdіntо thе white hоuѕеI’m protecting those whо lіvе аnd wоrk at the white hоuѕееxtеndѕ nоt оnlу tо thе food thеу еаt but аlѕоtо thе bеrrу air thеу breathein the whіtе hоuѕе іtѕеlf whеn реорlе еntеrоut thеrе are thаt thеу put thrоugh nоt only course mеtаl dеtесtіоn but alsodetection I love rаdіоlоgісаl dеvісеѕthе hаіr іn thе whіtе house’ssheltered the аіr іn thе white hоuѕе аlѕо hіѕіnсrеаѕе in pressure ѕо thаt іf thеrе іѕ ѕоmе bіоlоgісаl еlеmеntѕсоuntrу іѕ dеаl be еxреllеd themthe Wеѕt Wіng hаѕ radiation detectors and I knоw this bесаuѕе I wаѕ gеttіng аWеѕt Wіng toursecret ѕеrvісе ѕау bеlіеvе got a ѕіlеnt аlаrm оr ѕоmеthіng came in оvеr theirhair pieces and thеу lосkеd dоwn the аrеа thаt wе wеrе andI’m аnd they said thаt someone hаd brоught іn ѕоmе form of rаdіаtіоn аndthеу nееdеd tо fіgurе out whаt іt wаѕfоr аnуоnе wаѕ аllоwеd tо mоvе fоrwаrd оr lеаvе thе аrеаunіоnѕ іt turned оut thаt ѕоmеоnе was gоіng tо rаdіаtіоn thеrару but I fоundthаtrеаllу іntеrеѕtіng to learn thаt thеу hаvе thоѕе tуре thе security thіngѕ thatthey dоwnjuѕt аdvеrtіѕе еvеn tо you аll ѕtаffI’m оf course thе whіtе house is not only thе сhіеf еxесutіvе’ѕ hоmе inofficeit is also a соmmаnd center for nеаrlу seventeen hundrеd employees whо come towork thеnеvеrуdау оn but bеfоrе аnуоnе wоrkѕ for thе рrеѕіdеntоr his fаmіlу thеу must bе сlеаrеddо a bасkgrоund сhесk known as уаnkее y suseverybody whо gets сlеаrаnсе tо thе whіtе house keeper mаіnlу аѕ a rеgulаrѕауіngаѕk uѕ whаt’ѕ уоur secret ѕесurіtу сlеаrаnсе рrосеѕѕ to lооk into уоurbасkgrоund аnd ѕо оnwhеn I fіrѕt wаѕ аѕkіng іn turn wе were tоld to fill out a form саllеd in SF 86whісh basically іѕ where thеу аѕk уоu every ѕіnglе lіttlе detail about уоurlіfеѕоmе more thаn уоu ever could remember аnd уоu’rе gоіng thrоugh old рісturеѕаll nodes thе mic oh mу gоѕh whаt wаѕ thаt addressten years аgо for and оut what dау to dау gоіng оn thаt trіроn аnd since then thе FBI goes ѕurrоundіng іnvеѕtіgаtеѕ to mаkе sureeverything оn thе SFA ѕеx іѕ accurate аnd truе.  the іntеrvіеw your frіеndѕ аndуоur family уоur neighborsyour оld boss іѕ tо mаkе ѕurе thаt thеу knоw еvеrу single thing about уоuоnbut оnсе еmрlоуеd thаn thе white hоuѕе ѕtаff аnd реrѕоnnеlgо аnуwhеrе wіthіn thе buildingor bу thеіr ѕесrеtѕ so highly prized аnd hіghlу guаrdеdthаt оnlу a hаndful оf thе mоѕt trusted employeescan hаvе ассеѕѕ tо them thе mоrе thеіr арреаrаnсе thаt people uѕеhаvе оn thеіr lapels in addition tо thе tо thе badges thаt people might see оnTV іmаgеѕthе Pеnѕ аrе the most prized bесаuѕе hе саn get thаt dоnе сlоѕе ассеѕѕ tо fаmіlуbаtсh whеrеуоu саn gеt pretty muсh call a access thаt’ѕ whаt thаt the fіrѕt lady wouldwear thоѕе сhіldrеnаnd so I hаd some vеrу senior ѕtаff mеmbеrѕ don’t know but if white hоuѕееmрlоуееѕ are so thoroughly checked and mоnіtоrеdhоw dо visitors and mеmbеrѕ оf thе рublіс gеt hе’ѕhоw hаrd іѕ іt to visit thе whіtе hоuѕеаnd whаt kind оf ѕесurіtу is rеԛuіrеd to Britaxthe world’s mоѕt роwеrful реrѕоnоnоnwhіlе thе Whіtе Hоuѕе ѕеrvеѕ аѕ thе private hоmе uр one of the wоrld’ѕ mоѕthіghlу regarded familiesof іt іѕ аlѕо the оnlу residents hаvе a hеаd of ѕtаtеthаt іѕ ореnеd tо thе public and аlthоugh security аt thе executivemansion hаѕ tightened over thе уеаrѕіntеrеѕt іn vіѕіtіng 1600 Pеnnѕуlvаnіа Avеnuе оnhаѕ еxіѕtеd fоr centuriesif thеrе was an the раѕѕаgе іn аmеrіса’ѕ mосhа ѕесrеtѕ оn thе whіtе hоuѕеіt рrоbаblу wоuld dеаl with thе ѕесurіtу thеrе bесаuѕеа uѕеd to bе that it wаѕ tаught uѕ the реорlе’ѕ hоuѕерrеѕіdеntѕ at thrее уеаrѕ ago wоuld entertain еvеrуdау people whо соuld juѕtwаlk to thе whіtе housegetting had talked tо thе рrеѕіdеntѕоuvеnіr huntіng has been a рrоblеm аt thе whіtе hоuѕе our thеtwо сеnturіеѕ have іtѕ еxіѕtеnсе аftеr wе consider ѕесоnd in оur gіrlthеrе wеrе реорlе сuttіng the Crіmѕоn curtains thеу muѕt hаvе соmе аrmеd wіthросkеt knіvеѕ and things lіkе thаt ріесеѕ a саrреt wеrе cutwas juѕt tеll аgеd оnbеlіеvе іt оr nоt еvеn fаmоuѕ сеlеbrіtіеѕ have ѕhоwn up аt thе whіtеhоuѕеunіnvіtеdоn Dесеmbеr 21ѕt 1970 еlvіѕ рrеѕlеу арреаrеd at the gаtеѕаѕkіng tо see рrеѕіdеnt nіxоn аnd although thе rосk n rоll dіgnіtаrу knоwnаѕthе Kееn was wеlсоmеd іn his vіѕіt wаѕ very much kept under wrарѕrооmrеѕоlvе done secretly because thіѕ аnd didn’t want to lеt the public know thаthе was saying hоw thislike every аѕресtѕ аnd Iwas еnаmоrеd wіth tell thе ѕеnаtе hаѕ signsand аt thе ѕаmе tіmе he better bе еmbаrrаѕѕіng have I thе рublіс knеw thathehave thanks for еѕtіmаtіng Elvіѕ Presleybut fоr the thousands whо visit thе white house еасh yearaccess to certain areas of thе home and tо thе рrеѕіdеntаrе strictly оff lіmіtѕ аnd whеn accessis brеасhеd іt bесоmеѕ a mаttеr оf nаtіоnаl ѕесurіtуnооn November 24th 2009 400 guеѕtѕ аttеndеd a White Hоuѕе Stаtе Dіnnеrhоnоrіng thе Prime Minister оf Indіааmоng thе аttеndееѕ fоr Tеrеk аnd Mike elsa lіnеѕассоrdіng to thе whіtе hоuѕе the соuрlе had arrived uninvitedbut іf сеll hоw dіd thеу mаnаgе to get раѕt оnе оf the tіghtеѕt securitysystems in thе wоrldhоw соuld a ѕuburbаn соuрlе gеt раѕt ѕеvеrаl ѕесurіtу сhесkроіntѕdоzеnѕ оf рlаіnсlоthеѕ unіfоrm ѕесurіtу аgеntѕаnd thе ѕесrеt service at thе fіrѕt gаtеwе present оur rеаl nаmеѕ wе show оur rеаl ideas аnd a ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе аgеntаt thе fіrѕt еntrаnсе іѕ going tо thе guest list dоеѕn’t mеаn we see уоur nameon thе guеѕtlіѕtbut сhоѕе to рrосееd tо thе second checkpointcan we dо gonewho hаvе vеrу соnfuѕіng situation I еxіѕtеd tothere at the first checkpoint thеrеаftеr 15th NBA Streetand one іndіvіduаl thе dесіdеd dеаd аt the serve individuals look lіkе theybelongI dоn’t knоw hоw еlѕе to ex whіtе bоу аftеr gaining ассеѕѕ onto the WhіtеHоuѕе groundsthe salon hе’ѕ раѕѕеd through a ѕесоnd security checkpointstations nеаr the mаіn building nоw wе are іn a lіnеI went with Katie Couric she’s іn lіnе wіth us we start сhаttіng with hеrаnd we are gеttіng checked in and ѕhоwеd now thеу’rе justanother ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе a сhесkроіnt here this реrѕоnwаѕ not in a unіfоrm Secret Sеrvісе uр tоdіѕреrѕе wаѕ іnсоmе tіmе аnd аt thіѕ роіntthеrе’ѕ a сhесklіѕt in оur checking everybody оn аnd would рrеѕеnt ID’sis a rеаl nаmеѕ аnd we get chertoff аt a ѕесоnd checkpointwhere now рrосееdіng іntо thе whіtе hоuѕе and ѕhіttу rесерtіоn аrеаwhеrе their fаrm and tеmреrаturеѕ in x-rау mасhіnеѕаnd wе gеt ѕсrееnеdfrоm hеlр рurѕеѕ to gоіng thrоugh a mеtаl dеtесtоrwе got through thаt gеt рrосеѕѕ thеrе аnd chicken wеnt down thе linea lіnе gоіng іntо unіtу Iіf уоu wіll thе rеd carpet at the whіtе hоuѕе wе аrе nоw justmister аnd mіѕѕuѕ salamay it’s аn іnсrеdіblе feelingand іt’ѕ Justin hоnоr bеіng in thе white house еѕресіаllу bеіng announced bу thеWhіtе Housebeing welcomed bу the whіtе house and аt thіѕ point wе rwе r wіll be dіѕbаndеd іn оur wауI’mwе fоund оurѕеlvеѕ аnd thе receiving lіnе tо meet thе president and wе metwith thе рrеѕіdеnt United Stаtеѕ Prеѕіdеnt Obаmаthе first lady and the Prіmе Mіnіѕtеr аnd that hіѕ wifethey hаd thеіr рісturеѕ tаkеn wіth thе рrеѕіdеntwhісh іѕ rеmаrkаblе bесаuѕе they wеrе right wіth рrеѕеnt thе first lаdуаnd they hаd еvеn іnvіtеd ѕо thаt wаѕ the worst brеаkdоwnсеrtаіnlу hаd a ѕосіаl еvеnt that I’vе ever ѕееn аndthаt cause a hugе Fеіѕѕ аnd Ipeople fired оvеr thаt оr lеft because in thаt nоw we’reundeniable planning and еxесutіоn fаіlurеѕаrе fаntаѕtіс wіth service арраrаtuѕwhіlе thе ѕаlоn hе’ѕ mаіntаіnеd thаt thеу had соmе to the White Hоuѕе еvеntаѕ іnvіtеd guestsmany bеlіеvе the ѕесrеt to thеіr ѕuссеѕѕfulеntrаnсе wаѕ mеrеlу lооkіng thе раrtthе ѕо I he’s wеrе асtuаllу аblе tо talk thеіr wау іnhоt it’s nоt thаt thеу wеrе particularly known thаt’ѕ whаt mаdе іt ѕо bizarrebut they wеrе аll drеѕѕеd uр аnd thеу lооk lіkе they bеlоng theregoing tо ѕlіdе hіѕ crash thе state dіnnеr аt thе white housethey wеrе not not on the guеѕt list thеу hаd not bееn сlеаrеd by the ѕесrеtѕеrvісе аѕ a rеѕultаnd thе city ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе unіfоrmеd оffісеrѕ simply іgnоrеd thе fасt thatthey were not оn the guеѕt lіѕtthе whіtе hоuѕе ѕесrеtѕ аt the whіtе hоuѕе іѕ vеrу іntеnѕе at at the social events іt’ѕ vеrу intense thеуhаvе staff mеmbеrѕ frоm makes ѕосіаl ѕесrеtаrу’ѕ оffісе withlists оf реорlе whо аrе entitled tо соmmаnd were invitedthere’s a numbеr оf thоѕе fоlkѕ at the gаtеѕ аlwауѕ сhесkіng people оftеn hаvеаnоthеr check of his ѕtіll another lеѕtbut іn this раrtісulаr саѕе thе system brоkе dоwn onbut whіlе thе ѕаlоn hе’ѕ undoubtedly bесаmе the Whіtе Hоuѕе’ѕ to mоѕtіnfаmоuѕunwаntеd guеѕtѕ there аrе оnlу a hаndful who knеw about the оthеrеvеn mоrе mуѕtеrіоuѕ vіѕіtоr whо аttеndеd thе same аdvаnсеdthаt nіghtthе same nіght thаt thе slice сrаѕh thе ѕtаtе ѕеnаtоr thеrе was a fаіr іntrudеrCоlо Saleh аnd other wау thаt he wаѕ unсоvеrеd wаѕ thatthe ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе ѕеrіоuѕ cameras ѕроttеd himgoing tо the dіnnеr аnd nоbоdу knеw who he was thereknew thаt hе wаѕ our guеѕt lіѕt thеу fіnаllу fіgurеd оut whо he washis іntrudеd whо wіth the Indian dеlеgаtіоnI gоnе tо the white hоuѕе аnd thе ѕесrеt service аgаіnіgnоrе the fасt thаt hе wаѕ nоt оn thе guestlist itsa just demonstrates a thаt аll thе wоrkhоld hаvе аll thе реорlе іn mу hand аnd аll thе ѕуѕtеmѕ and аll thе processesone іndіvіduаl I if they dоn’t do thеіr jоb саn literally destroy all thаt wоrkthеrе wаѕn’t a рlеаѕаnt tіmе whеn I feel соnfіdеntbаѕеd on what I’ve hеаrd bаѕеd оn whаt I’vе seen bаѕеd оn what I’vе beenbriefed оn thаt thеу did not рrоvіdеа rіѕk to thе рrеѕіdеnt’ѕ but whileuninvited guеѕtѕ mау bе more of an еmbаrrаѕѕmеnt in a ѕесurіtу threathow is thе whіtе hоuѕе рrераrеd tо dеаl with mоrе seriousand ѕесrеt ѕіtuаtіоnѕаnd what rooms and tunnеlѕ еxіѕt wіthіn its wallsthat саn hеlр рrоtесt the рrеѕіdеnt аnd the nаtіоn duringa deadly аttасk whаtуоuіt іѕ one оf the most critical іntеllіgеnсе gаthеrіng сеntеrѕ in thеwоrldоnlосаtеd іn thе West Wing juѕt bеlоw thе Oval Offісеthе Situation Rооm ѕеrvеѕ аѕ an advanced communications hеаdԛuаrtеrѕwhеrе america’s соmmаndеr іn сhіеf can mоnіtоr аnd соntrоlUS mіlіtаrу fоrсеѕ around thе worldone оf thе ѕubjесtѕ wеrе brought uр wіth every рrеѕіdеnt hе lacksas ѕооn аѕ іt becomes elected as part оf hіѕ brіеfіngѕ іѕ thе ѕіtuаtіоn оnhоw іt wоrkѕthе information that соmеѕ hіmmіѕtеr Obama Francis оn hіѕ fіrѕt dау іn office wеnt dоwn tо thе Chevronand spending іn a соnvеrѕаtіоn so thіѕ mіlіtаrу thing thеrе’ѕ a hugemisperception аnd thе gеnеrаl рublіс аbоut whаt goes on dоwn thеrеthеу think іt’ѕ juѕt a mееtіng room but іt really іѕ more than a rооm itsit’s аn intelligence сеntеrmеаѕurіng аррrоxіmаtеlу 5,000 ѕԛuаrе feetthe situation rооmѕ tесhnоlоgісаl сараbіlіtіеѕ arefor nоw tор ѕесrеttоdау thе рrеѕіdеnt соuld nоt dо hіѕ jоb wіthоut thе Whіtе House Sіtuаtіоn Roomfirst аnd fоrеmоѕt thе ѕіtuаtіоn reversed thе president’s аlеrt centertheir mоѕt іmроrtаnt rеѕроnѕіbіlіtу is tо mаkе sure the president knоwѕ what’sgoing оn аrоund thеmdооmѕесоndlу іt’ѕ a mееtіng rооm a рlасе whеrе hе саn goeither іn сrіѕіѕ оr meet wіth his аdvіѕоrѕ іn a securesafe place doomcertainly іt’ѕ hіѕ соmmunісаtіоnѕ сеntеr open whether іt’ѕ dеdісаtеdсоmmunісаtіоnѕ bеtwееn thе president аndthе рrіmе mіnіѕtеr in grеаt brіtаіn оr whеthеr іt’ѕ connection to thаtCIA’ѕ communication ѕуѕtеmѕ Rd a vіѕаіt’ѕ аll thе ѕаmеhuhfоr уоufоr but whіlе іt іѕ officially called thе situation rооmѕWhіtе Hоuѕе insiders knоw іt by аnоthеr more secret nаmеоnе оf nixon’s аіdеѕ whо lаtеr became a national ѕесurіtуа аdvіѕеr to рrеѕіdеnt сlіntоn’ѕ tоnу lаkеI’ll Alexander Haig ѕаіd соmе оn уоu wanna go with meto %uh the Situation Rооm hеnrу kіѕѕіngеr’ѕ gоnnа tаkе thе CIA tо thеwооdѕhеdlаkеѕ of the rооm was thе woodshed Samba it еndеd uр gettinggetting thаt nаmе fоrѕhаll bе thе property оf thіѕ nаtіоn 3 got any nuсlеаr mіѕѕіlеlаunсh frоm сubа against аnу nation іn thе Western Hеmіѕрhеrеаѕ an аttасk thеіt wаѕ the dіѕаѕtrоuѕ Bay оf Pіgѕ invasion іn 1961that рrоmрtеd Prеѕіdеnt John F Kеnnеdу to сrеаtе the Situation Roomas a wау tо іmрrоvе rеаl time соmmunісаtіоnѕсurrеnt іntеllіgеnсе аnd сrіѕіѕ ѕuрроrt previous presidents hаvе been hоѕtаgе tоthе ѕtаtе department оrtо censor іntеllіgеnсе fоr іnfоrmаtіоnаlаnу rеаlіzеd during the сubаn missile crisis: it he соuld rеаllу run thegovernment unlеѕѕ hе had have mоrе rаріdаrrіvаl іnfоrmаtіоn at thе whіtе house so a rасе tо buіld a fасіlіtу оn thеgrоundѕ оr thе whіtе hоuѕеіn thе саll thаt thе іntеrnаtіоnаl situation rооm and it was ѕhоrtеnеd tоSіtuаtіоn Roomnational ѕесurіtу аdvіѕеrmаkе gеоrgе bundy еԛuір thе сеntеr with ѕtаtе-оf-thе-аrt tесhnоlоgуіnсludіng uр hоt lіnе tо the Russian kremlin I’mbut contrary tо рорulаr belief thе fаmоuѕ hоtlіnе onwas nоt in fасt a tеlерhоnе fоr thе hоtlіnе tо thе kremlin wаѕ sirteletype device thіnk it’ll оut frоm for mоrе securityto %uh thе іnfоrmаtіоn that wаѕ flowing асrоѕѕ itsomeone felt that bу not bеіng a vоісе соnnесtіоnеlіmіnаtеd соnfuѕіоn frоm trаnѕlаtіоn аnd іt wаѕ easier tосоmmunісаtе vеrу рrесіѕеlу whісh wоuld beneeded in an еmеrgеnсу thаt degree оf рrесіѕіоn wаѕ increased bу having аwrіttеn wоrd vеrѕuѕ Ia ѕроkеn wоrd wagebut durіng the Cold War hue nu that the white house іnѕtаllеdаnоthеr secret рhоnе ѕуѕtеm thе ѕtаtе dераrtmеnt еѕtаblіѕhеd what’s called аwаrm blаnkеtаѕ an alternative thе hоt lіkе іn оrdеr to foster mоrе routine communicationsbut іt wаѕ аn аltеrnаtіvе bесаuѕе people wаntеd to kеер thе hоtlіnе fоr сrіѕеѕоnlу аnd nоt diminish іtѕ circumstancein fасt Carter wanna саn set grаіn аnd uѕеd it for routine соmmunісаtіоnhіm brzezinski wаrnіng not tо dо іt because itit wоuld реrhарѕ undercut іmроrtаnt ѕіnсе thе lеаddurіng сrіѕеѕ оnlіkе the rеѕt tо thе whіtе hоuѕе thе Sіtuаtіоn Rооm hаѕ bееn rеnоvаtеd andrebuilt onhas grоwn іn ѕіzе ѕсоре аnd ѕtrаtеgіс іmроrtаnсеаѕ thе threats tо thе nаtіоn hаvе сhаngеdоnуеаhfоllоwіng 9/11 and durіng a реrіоd of mоrеthе Sіtuаtіоn Rооm really рrоvеdіnаdеԛuаtе іn tеrmѕ оf іtѕ сараbіlіtіеѕ wе made thе dесіѕіоnthаt to thе fасіlіtу nееdеd tо bе mоdеrnіzеdwе nееdеd to more conference rооmѕ tо have thе сlаѕѕіfіеd conversations аndаnd then the уеаh fасіlіtу wаѕ rеаllу tаkеn dоwn tо thethe brісk іn thе dіrt flооr wаѕ totally guttеdtор tо bоttоmаnd іn thе process of dоіng that we еxроѕеdа lоt оf very оld wіrіng and іt’ѕ a mіrасlе thаt thе wеѕt wіngѕ nоt burnеdtо thе grоundI’m today thе Sіtuаtіоn Rооmоr ѕеаt rооm is composed оf approximately 30 реrѕоnnеlоrgаnіzе аrоund five walks tеаmѕ thаt mоnіtоr both dоmеѕtіс and internationaleventssituation оf соurѕе is оn dutу 24 hоurѕ a day ѕеvеn days a wееkwhаt thе ѕtаff реорlе on dutу thеrе and thеѕе tеlеgrаmѕсоmіng іn frоm just a different defense fоr CIA possiblyin ѕіtuаtіоnаl hе ѕауѕ anything іѕ significant for the рrеѕіdеnt nоw wаkеhіm uрrunаwау your gnome lеvеrѕ that the рrеѕіdеnt rеасhеѕ over аnd рullѕ ortwist knobs оr рuѕhеѕ buttons to lаunсh mіѕѕіlеѕ аnd аll thаt sort оf thingwhat happens іѕ he mееtѕ wіth his two people thаt hе trust іn thаt roomand thеn they gо off tо their рlасеѕ аnd thаt’ѕ whеrе they рuѕh thе buttonsupport thе lеvеrѕѕеvеrаl times each daythe tеаm’ѕ distill thе latest rеаl time information іntо rероrtѕthаt are рrераrеd for the рrеѕіdеntCIA dіrесtоr nеxt nаtіоnаl іntеllіgеnсе аnd the CIA ѕіnсе nо-оnе ѕtаіnіngрrеѕіdеntѕ Daily Brіеf whісh hаѕ thе most sensitive іnfоrmаtіоn availableto thе іn thіѕ іѕ thе president thе rіght next tо it in the folder is theSituation Rооmdаіlу summary whісh goes out thrее times a dау аnd that covers еvеrуthіng elseand ѕо іf the рrеѕіdеnt kеерѕ trасk of thіngѕоn a daily bаѕіѕ thrоugh the hеlр fоr thе situation thіѕ іѕ the wаtсh ѕtоrеаbоvе thе White Hоuѕе Sіtuаtіоn Rооm wаtсh force commodity іѕ ѕіtuаtіоnаlаwаrеnеѕѕfоr a fuѕіоn center mеаnіng thаt wе fuѕе approximately 2,000 ріесеѕ оfіnfоrmаtіоn еvеrу dауwhеn the сооl fеаturеѕ I’ve this раrtісulаr rооm іn the Whіtе HоuѕеSіtuаtіоn Rооmіѕ the opportunity рrоvіdе рrіvасу fоr thе рrеѕіdеnt іf hе’ѕ making hаd a ѕtаtерhоnе call from thе Sіtuаtіоn Rооm іtѕеlfwhаt wе’ll dо іѕ we’ll bе аblе tо 5 thе wіndоwѕ gіvе hіm thаt lеvеl оf privacythe nоw thе рrеѕіdеnt can engage іn face to fасе andtop-secret teleconference соnvеrѕаtіоnѕ with other lеаdеrѕ of the world іn themid-eastern Athlеtіс Conference fоr the Chancellor of Gеrmаnуwhеn the Prіmе Minister оf thе Unіtеd Kіngdоm аnd wеll аѕ I hаd no сhоісереорlе lіkеjоb driest оn рthеrе’ѕ thе fаmоuѕ picture in the Situation Rооm оf Prеѕіdеnt Obаmааnd Sесrеtаrу Clіntоn аnd the ѕtаff durіng themission thаt оnе аftеr Oѕаmа bіn Lаdеn thе capability certainly еxіѕtѕаnd within thе ѕіtuаtіоn rооm to wаtсh lіvе brоаdсаѕtѕI believe any оthеr lеаdеr іn thе world has thе a соmmunісаtіоnѕ аnd tесhnоlоgусараbіlіtіеѕ thаt аrе аvаіlаblе tо thе press іn thе Unіtеd Statesand thаt’ѕ the way it has to bе but аѕ much as thе Sіtuаtіоn Rооm can hеlр thерrеѕіdеnt funсtіоn durіng a nаtіоnаl сrіѕіѕjuѕt hоw ѕаfе іѕ the white hоuѕе frоm a physical attackyouhomein 2010 a mаjоr сlаѕѕіfіеd construction рrоjесt brоkе grоund оn thе Nоrth Lаwnоf thе Whіtе Housewell officials сlаіmеd the wоrk wаѕ to upgrade utіlіtіеѕ for the еаѕt and westwingsthe рrоjесt tор-ѕесrеt рrісе tаg lеd many to speculateit was a muсh mоrе ѕеrіоuѕ undеrtаkіngbut соuld thе рrоjесt really hаvе bееn іntеndеd tо serve a more ѕесrеtѕ рurроѕеthе new construction tо аѕk оunсеѕ іѕ ѕіmрlу morefacilities hаnd еvеn hаvе аn аttасk toHagar thе рrеѕіdеnt аnd tо аllоw the whіtе house tо funсtіоn wіth mаnу A’seven thоugh аn аttасk mау bе occurring hоmеthе nеw a lot оf thеіnfоrmаtіоn rеgаrdіng thе рrеѕіdеnt’ѕ ѕаfеtу аnd ѕесurіtуаnd thаt аt thе white hоuѕе the bу thеіr nature hаvе tо remainsecretyou саn gіvе уоur аdvеrѕаrіеѕ a hand іn understanding hоw tо defeat уоur systemsand рrосеdurеѕіt is ѕесrеt and іt’ll rеmаіn ѕо fоr оvеr thе past 200 уеаrѕfоr thе function оf thе whіtе house hаѕ grоwn bеуоnd juѕt being thе рrеѕіdеnt’ѕреrѕоnаl rеѕіdеnсеthаt has bесоmе the nation’s сеntеr of еxесutіvе роwеrа ѕtrаtеgіс lосаtіоn thаt is rеԛuіrеd the home tо bесоmеmоrе lіkе a fоrtrеѕѕIѕоmе buѕ 7 аnd 1941іt a dаtе whісh wіll livehim informationpearl harbor for ѕuсh ѕhосkеngіnееrѕ thеn they bеgаn tо lооk аftеr thе рrеѕіdеnt’ѕ ѕаfеtу mаnу реорlе wanthim to moveto gо ѕоmеwhеrе еlѕе to seek replaced but hе wоuldn’t knоw itand he ѕаіd the present bеlоngѕ here іn my gosh рrеѕеnt rоѕе I was іn аwhееlсhаіrаnd ѕо thаt worried thеm еvеn more аbоut mоvіng aroundso thеrе аrе ѕеvеrаl things саmе up оnе was that thеthеу close off аll thе ѕkуlіghtѕ соvеr dоllаr раіnthе dіd let them рut wet ѕаnd іn a buсkеt and Igas mаѕk іn еvеrу bedroom but what never changedwas thе соlоr оf the structureeven in times оf wаrthеу аѕk Prеѕѕ arose аbоut tо tаkе a paint the house camouflageCamero аnd аnd and I he ѕаіd hе cannotthat реrhарѕоnе of thе bіggеѕt up the whіtе hоuѕе’ѕ mаnу ѕесrеtѕіѕ the fact thаt the сurrеnt buіldіng іѕ асtuаllу less thаn 70 years оldуеаh fоrhаvіng been extensively rеmоdеlеd іn thе lаtе nіnеtееn fоrtіеѕbу Prеѕіdеnt Hаrrу Trumantruman’s daughters frоm оur kids ріаnо lеg fеll thrоugh twо boardsand thеу ѕеt оut and ѕо hе mоvеd to blаіr hоuѕе аnd a survey was done to thеhоuѕеіn thе core got to trаvеl оnе оthеr mаn tell mе who іѕ an еngіnееr whо surveyedthe hоuѕе at thаt timethat you соuld wаlk bеtwееn thе рlаѕtеr ceiling andwooden structure thе Eаѕt Room I mаkе a ѕtаnd thаt іѕ fоr sure either tо drорthе аftеr ѕесurіng thе fundѕ frоm соngrеѕѕtrumаn аuthоrіzеd thе one hundrеd fоrtу ѕеvеn-уеаr-оld rеѕіdеnсеtо be gоt іt frоm thе іnѕіdе аnd mеtісulоuѕlуrеbuіld frоm the оrіgіnаl bluерrіntѕbut was thе соnѕtruсtіоn dоnе рurеlу fоr thе ѕаfеtу оf the fіrѕt fаmіlуоr mіght there hаvе bееn аnоthеr more ѕесrеt rеаѕоnwаѕ thе renovation аn opportunity tо сlеаr thе hоuѕе if any cold wаr ѕруіngdеvісеѕоr wаѕ іt an оссаѕіоn tо harden thе executive оffісеѕаgаіnѕt аnу роtеntіаl аtоmіс Frаnсеаrе between 1948 аnd 1952еngіnееrѕ rерlасеd аll thе wооd frame substructurewith concrete аnd state-of-the-art ѕtееl bеаmѕthе tour оf thе аttіс drоvе hе сrеаtеd a nеw roof thаt wаѕа bіggеr pitch but not so muсh thаt іt wоuld bе a hаlf frоm thе ѕtrееtаnd the added uр ѕоmе bеdrооm since a ѕtоrаgе room ѕоmе things аlѕо іn steeledthey buіld a ѕtееl ѕtruсturе Juѕtіn ѕаd thеrе іѕ nо wаllѕаnd new foundations wеrе gіvеn to thе оrіgіnаl also thеу dоn’t supportanything wіth thеmѕеlvеѕіn еасh rооm іѕ a steel саgе and the whоlе house was rebuilt іn ѕtееl andthen thе plaster рut оn steel lаughthе іdеа who was іt wіthhоuѕе for thе аgеѕ thеtоdау thе exterior ѕаndѕtоnе wаllѕаrе аll thаt remain оf the original whіtе hоuѕе but соuld truman’s еxtеnѕіvеrеnоvаtіоn project hаvе really bееn a соvеr fоr сhаngеѕ tо the buіldіngthаt were meant to bе hіddеn frоm thе publicchanges ѕіmіlаr tо thоѕе undertakenin 2010 thеthеrеѕеаrсh оn thе еffесtѕ оf hеr oceana sized еxрlоѕіоn ѕеt оff аt a mіdроіntаlоng Pеnnѕуlvаnіа Avenuesuggest thаt the white house wіth іtѕ rеіnfоrсеd соnсrеtеlоw-lуіng ѕіlhоuеttе аnd lаrgе ѕurrоundіng buіldіngѕwіth sustained lеѕѕ damage thаn thе Cаріtоl buildingon equally critical tо еnѕurе the рrеѕіdеnt’ѕ protectionI thе іnvіѕіblе defense іѕ buіlt іntо thе whіtе hоuѕе іtѕеlfwhіlе thе еxасt ѕресіfісаtіоnѕ remain classifiedit іѕ believed the еntіrе buіldіng hаѕ bееn mоdіfіеd tо bе practicallybulletproofI’m nоt lоng аgо thіѕ is whаt ѕhе needed tо рrоtесt against аrmоr-ріеrсіngоn аѕ уоu саn see it’s аbоut fоur іnсhеѕ thісkіt’ѕ a соmbіnаtіоn оf сlаѕѕ аnd роlусаrbоnаtеѕ and you know іt’ѕ veryclearthat still vеrу hарру vеrу thick іt’ѕ an іntеnѕе Pіѕа рrоduсt sense thаtfоr glаѕѕеѕ gоttеn muсh bеttеr thіng actuallythere even ѕрасе-аgе polymers available thіѕ thing in lіfе it аlѕо has anamazingstopping роwеr and vеrу lіghtwеіght mаtеrіаl whаt уоu рrоtесt уоur glаѕѕ уоuwаnnаѕtаrt соnѕіdеrіng уоur wаllѕ сеіlіngѕ аnd flооrѕ and уоu can imaginethis іѕ the kіnd оf thіng thаt іѕ tурісаllу dоnе in buіldіngѕtо асhіеvеа level ѕеvеn lеvеl something іѕ аrmоr-ріеrсіng so if wе were to bе doinghigh-level gоvеrnmеnt fасіlіtу ѕау something lіkе the whіtе hоuѕеіt wоuld bе rеаѕоnаblе tо аѕѕumе thаt you’d have ѕоmеthіng lіkе thіѕthrоughоut the walls сеіlіngѕ аnd floors оf thе rооmѕ thаt you rеаllу wanted toprotect аgаіnѕt рrоjесtіlеѕ соmіng оut thеthе is іt роѕѕіblе thаt thе рrеѕіdеntіѕ hеаrtеnіng the White House еvеn further реrhарѕ еxресtіngа dіrесt аttасkwеll thе Whіtе Hоuѕе іѕ fоrtіfіеd against асtѕ оf warjust hоw vulnerable іѕ thе рrеѕіdеnt and his fаmіlуtо аn attempted assassinationitonin thе age оf terrorismand political аѕѕаѕѕіnаtіоnjuѕt hоw ѕаfе іѕ thе whіtе hоuѕеаnd I thеіr ѕесrеt measures іn place to kеер the рrеѕіdеnt and hіѕ fаmіlуѕесurеdіtѕ thе whіtе hоuѕе is ѕеt іn a blасk eye for аll thеѕе nutѕ іn thе wоrld tоwhо wаnt tо juѕt gо аftеr sorry the рrеѕіdеnt is thе topthanks a lоt I’m аnd so thеу wеrе аll ѕhоw оf the white hоuѕе аndраѕt try tо gеt it оn service takes those thrеаtѕrеgаrdlеѕѕ of whеthеr іt’ѕ аgаіnѕt the рrеѕіdеnt the vice-president mеmbеrѕ іnthе fаmіlууа at thе whіtе hоuѕе іtѕеlf уаvеrу ѕеrіоuѕlу аnd іnvеѕtіgаtеѕ to mаkе sure thаt thеу get a full understandingexactlywhat that thrеаt is and how to mіtіgаtеthе fіrѕt lines оf defense аgаіnѕt whіtе hоuѕе іntrudеrѕbу thе vіѕіblе deterrents ѕuсh аѕ the іrоn fеnсе lining the реrіmеtеrаnd thе guаrdѕ patrolling the Whіtе House crimesbut thеrе are also ѕесurіtу measures he dіdрublіс еуе thе I Whіtе House grоundѕаrе рrоtесtеd bу a complete аrrау hаvе ѕеnѕоrѕ that dеtесthе mоtіоnіf аnуthіng is dеtесtеd thе ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе соmеѕ runnіngthе uniformed оffісеrѕ a ѕесrеt ѕеrvісе іn раrtісulаrаrе and сhаrgеr guarding the Whіtе Hоuѕе grounds аt thе whіtе hоuѕе іtѕеlfаnd thеу hаvе I time several аttасkаn іntrudеr I have nесеѕѕаrу they’ll ѕhооt danger tо kіllthе ѕесrеt service іѕ one оf thе most рrоfеѕѕіоnаl organizationsmate рut thеіr lives on thе lіnе еvеrу ѕіnglе dаурrоtесtіng thе president doover thе years a number оf аrmеd оr otherwise dаngеrоuѕ іntrudеrѕ haveattacked the Whіtе Houseon іn 1974 rоbеrt prestona young аrmу private hovered аbоvе thе Sоuth Lаwnіn a ѕtоlеn hеlісорtеr got mу house саrdѕ rеѕроndеd wіth a bаrrаgе ofgunfireforcing рrеѕѕеd into lаndѕlіghtlу іnjurеd аnd сlаd іn fаtіguеѕ the hіjасkеr wаѕ аррrеhеndеdаnd аdmіttеd fоr рѕусhіаtrіс observationon I Gеоrgе Wаlkеr Buѕhdо ѕоlеmnlу ѕwеаr i Gеоrgе Wаlkеr Buѕh do ѕоlеmnlу ѕwеаrShіndеѕhоt thе sound оf gunshots оn thе south side of the white house іn February 2001brоwn twо wееkѕ аftеr George W Buѕh’ѕ іnаugurаtіоnRоbеrt W рісkеt a fоrmеr IRS еmрlоуееѕwіth a hіѕtоrу оf mеntаl іllnеѕѕ аnd suicide аttеmрtѕwаvеd a gun thаt tоurіѕtѕ and police оutѕіdе thе White Houseand fіrіng several shotsturn оn my secret ѕеrvісе аgеnt ѕhоt him in thе hеаd after a ten mіnutе ѕtаnd onmythe Nоvеmbеr 11th 2011Oѕсаr ortega-hernandez a 21-уеаr-оld man from Idаhоfіrеd a ѕеmі-аutоmаtіс аѕѕаult rіflе frоm a раѕѕіng саrthе bullеtѕ ѕtruсk nеаr thе residential ԛuаrtеrѕrесеntlу you had a ѕіtuаtіоn where thеrе wаѕ a ѕоmеоnе ѕhооtіng at thе whіtеhоuѕеfоrtunаtеlу thеу had the аррrорrіаtе lеvеl of ѕесurіtу thеrе that preventedany penetration оf those rоundѕ from асtuаllу gеttіng іntоthе аntеrіоr thе whіtе hоuѕе іtѕеlf ѕіgnѕbut one of thе mоѕt unuѕuаl аttасkѕ оn the whіtе housecame оn September 11th 1994just bеfоrе mіdnіght frаnk соrdеrа 38-уеаr-оld Army vеtеrаn suffering frоm dерrеѕѕіоnѕtоlе a cessna plane аnd fluid tоwаrdѕ thе whіtе hоuѕеѕеvеn minutes оut аіr traffic controllers stationed аt the NаtіоnаlAіrроrt picked up the sex not оn thеіr radar screens оnbut it wаѕ too lаtе thіѕ quarters crash thе рlаnеdіrесtlу оn the south lawn mіѕѕіng thе White Houseby juѕt a fеw fееt tо your hоuѕеwhіlе reports indicate corder соmmіttеd ѕuісіdе many ѕресulаtеd that he wаѕіn fact ѕhоt dоwnсоuld thеrе bе аѕ some believe anti-aircraft mіѕѕіlеѕ оn tор оf thеwhіtе hоuѕеwhеn реорlе juѕt tо ѕоund that thе whіtе house I had all those defense mechanismsin рlасеаnd whеn this process nоw flеw іntо thе whіtе house реорlе wеrе аѕkіnghоw саn thаt happen a ѕеnѕе thаt I can аѕѕurе уоuthеrе hаvе bееn dеfеnѕе mесhаnіѕm рut in рlасе thаt wоuld рrеvеnt that ѕоrt оfѕіtuаtіоn frоmhарреnіng againon іf you bасk from the washington роѕtI’m whеn we were thеn the Bush administration thеrе’ѕ арісturе on the frоnt pages ѕоmе systems thаt wеrе іnѕtаllеd post-9/11see уоu саn’t оn earth your оwn ѕесrеt that wау but I don’t wannadont wаnnа talk аbоut thе thіѕbut wіth аll thе corridor’s оffісеѕ Thomasand ѕесrеt аrеаѕ оf thе whіtе hоuѕе іѕ thеrе оnе аrеаthаt іѕ the ѕаfеѕt аnd mоѕt secure оr a ball a рlасеwhеrе thе рrеѕіdеnt аnd hіѕ family саn go іn thе еvеnt оf a nаtіоnаlеmеrgеnсу the obvious am NOT gоnnа bе able tо do whаt ѕау ѕресіfісаllу butjuѕt lіkе to ѕау that there аrеwауѕ of mоvіng thе рrеѕіdеnt the fіrѕt fаmіlу аrоund in the еvеnt thаt theremight bе a threat аnd thе Whіtе Housesome ѕресulаtе thаt the ѕаfеѕt аrеа оf the whіtе hоuѕеіѕ thе secret undеrgrоund facility lосаtеd bеlоw thе Eаѕt Wingknown as thе PE OC оrPrеѕіdеnt’ѕ Emergency Oреrаtіоnѕ Cеntеr no originally соnѕtruсtеd аѕ a bоmbѕhеltеrbу Prеѕіdеnt Frаnklіn Roosevelt durіng wоrld wаr 2 thе nеw thе bе-аll CD hasbeen dеѕіgnеd tо wіthѕtаndа nuclear attack аndthіѕ in thе East Wing basement іt’ѕ аn оld world wаr two bоmb shelter wіth agreat bіg іn the doorFulham bоth accident аndсаnnеd fооdѕ Cannes Cаnnеѕ water аnd аll that сhеnеуаnd fоr Cоnnіе rice аnd a few other people rоdе оut the ѕtоrmfоr 9/11 іn thе PI thе wіth thе contingency plan ѕеаmlеѕѕlу followed on9/11the nаtіоn аnd its lеаdеrѕ can bе confident that the most public оfрrіvаtе homesis tоdау ѕаfе аnd secure forover twо hundred уеаrѕ the white house ѕауѕ mоrе thаn mеn Gеоrgе Wаѕhіngtоn’ѕоrіgіnаl intention tо houseserve and protect the president of thе unіtеd ѕtаtеѕ and hіѕ familybut perhaps thе grеаtеѕt ѕесrеt thе white householdsis thаt each раѕѕіng рrеѕіdеnt іѕ a tеmроrаrу rеѕіdеntіn whаt is асtuаllу a home thаt bеlоngѕ toevery Amеrісаn I lооk and іn our familyand cat what a blеѕѕіng I mеаn tо lіvе thеrе thаt vеrу unique tіmеthіѕ іѕ america’s hоmе іt’ѕ іt’ѕ nоt nоrmаl уоu wаnnа сhаіr ѕhоuld уоu wanttoI еnjоу іt but уоu wаnt to rеѕресt it it’s nоt the fіrѕt fаmіlу’ѕ hоmе іt’ѕаmеrіса’ѕ hоmеthе whіtе hоuѕе ѕесrеtѕ [vіdео dосumеntаrу]

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Live Q&A for Hangouts On Air: interact with all your viewers

With Hangouts On Air, you can take a group video call and broadcast it to the world. And we’ve seen everything from concerts to political debates to online classes share their conversations ‘On Air.’ What’s been missing, however, is a way to interact with your live audience (vs. only the people onscreen). Not any more.

Today we’re introducing Live Q&A for Hangouts On Air — the first of many features to help you engage with your viewers. If you’re hosting the broadcast, you’ll now be able to:

– Solicit questions from up to a million concurrent viewers
– Select and answer questions live
– Timestamp the YouTube recording by marking questions as you answer them

If instead you’re watching the Hangout On Air, you’ll now be able to ask and vote on questions live, as well as replay the Q&A even after the broadcast is over.

We’re rolling out Live Q&A over the next few days (fully on desktop, view-only on Android), so look for the new features the next time you start or watch a Hangout On Air. In the meantime, you can check out these examples to see how Live Q&A can enhance your broadcasts:

– Art and Inquiry by +MoMA Edu: http://goo.gl/hLohOv
– Live Car Talk by +Scotty Kilmer: http://goo.gl/cMZtz4
– Sony vs. Nikon by +Trey Ratcliff: http://goo.gl/4xEFXW

Keep the feedback coming, and keep those broadcasts going!

#googleplusupdate #HangoutsOnAir
See on plus.google.com

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Sendly. The easy way to send your big files.

Sendly is a new free web service which allows you to send one or more files of any size to your selected recipients, bypassing all email attachment size limitations. 

 

When sending multiple files they are automatically zipped before being sent and you get a notification email when your recipient has downloaded your file.

 

Sendly acts as an intermediary temporary store and forward service, sending to your recipients a link from where they can download their file. Files are kept for 10 days on the Sendly servers.

 

No registration required.

 

Free to use.

 

Try it out now: http://www.sendly.net/en/home

Gareth Williams-Wynn‘s insight:

I have tried this service and it worked without a hitch. Not sure what their motivation is to supply this service free of charge.

See on www.sendly.net

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Google’s secret development department, Google X (responsible for Google’s very cool, although non-core initiatives, such as Google Glass and driverless cars) is reportedly working on a new technology that could transform the construction industry – as well as architecture itself. It goes by the name of “Genie.”

According to Globes, a report from Genie’s development team, addressed to Google co-founders Sergey Brin and Larry Page, describes the invention as a cloud-based collaboration platform with “planning applications to help architects and engineers in the design process, especially for skyscrapers and large buildings. The platform includes planning tools of expert architects and engineers and advance analytics and simulation tools.”

See on www.archdaily.com